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Conclusions

HAROLD G. KOENIG

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Studies in psychoneuroimmunology recently have shed light on the delicate and finely balanced interactions between the mind and physical body. Psychological stress, anxiety, depression, hopelessness, ... More


Immune, Neuroendocrine, and Religious Measures

BRUCE S. RABIN and HAROLD G. KOENIG

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

A number of solid organs, cellular components and soluble proteins make up the immune system. These include the lymphoid tissues, lymphocytes and other immune cells, and immunoglobulins and ... More


Immunologic Factors

GARETH J. MORGAN, MARTHA S. LINET, and CHARLES S. RABKIN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the immunologic factors in cancer. Topics covered include structure and function of the immune system, immune variation and cancer risk, and age-related changes in immune ... More


Sex Differences in Infectious and Autoimmune Diseases

Sabra L. Klein

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter begins with a discussion of sex differences in death rates and disease susceptibility. It then discusses sex differences in infectious diseases, covering susceptibility to viruses, ... More


Biological Synergies and Disease

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter brings together the results of numerous scientific studies on the biology of immune function and disease. It presents the biomedical evidence that malnutrition and parasite infection ... More


Avenues for Future Research

HARVEY JAY COHEN and HAROLD G. KOENIG

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter explores avenues for future research in the area of religion, spirituality and psychoneuroimmunology. Recommendations are made based in part on a recent conference at Duke University ... More


The Connection between Psychoneuroimmunology and Religion

HAROLD G. KOENIG

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Psychoneuroimmunology is the study of how social and psychological factors affect neuroendocrine and immune functioning. Religion involves beliefs about the transcendent, as well as private or ... More


Psychosocial Stress, Social Networks, and Susceptibility to Infection

SHELDON COHEN

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

During the past several decades, support has grown for the premise that psychological and social factors can influence physical health. This includes evidence that enduring stressful life events and ... More


Psychosocial Factors, Immunity, and Wound Healing

HAROLD G. KOENIG and HARVEY JAY COHEN

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews the work of Janice Kiecolt-Glaser, Ron Glaser and others who have investigated the effects of psychological stress and social support on immune functioning and wound healing. ... More


Psychosocial Factors, Spirituality/Religiousness, and Immune Function in HIV/AIDS Patients

GAIL IRONSON and NEIL SCHNEIDERMAN

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

In 2000, it was estimated that 36 million people worldwide had been infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and that 15,000 people were being newly infected with the virus each day. In ... More


Marijuana’s Health Effects

Mitch Earleywine

in Understanding Marijuana: A New Look at the Scientific Evidence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195138931
eISBN:
9780199893270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138931.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Concerns about marijuana's potential impact on health have generated volumes of research, numerous conferences, and considerable controversy. This chapter addresses marijuana's toxicity, as well as ... More


Life-history plasticity under time stress in damselfly larvae

Robby Stoks, Frank Johansson, and Marjan De Block

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Animals often face time stress because they have to reach a certain stage before a certain time horizon (e.g., the onset of winter or pond drying). Damselflies react to time stress with a shortening ... More


The Development and History of Psychoneuroimmunology

GEORGE F. SOLOMON

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews the history of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI), highlighting the events which have transformed it to a highly respected scientific and medical discipline. The history of the ... More


The immunology of brain injury

Maria Cristina Morganti-kossmann and Thomas Kossmann

in Immune Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748795
eISBN:
9780191724381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748795.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The central nervous system (CNS) is regarded as an immunologically privileged site due to its separation from the periphery mediated by the blood-brain barrier. Despite this barrier, immunological ... More


Parasites, immunity, and sexual selection

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter notes the differences between the sexes, particularly the fact that males are generally more prone to parasites than females, and how immune functions are affected by sex hormones. There ... More


Physiology provides a window into how the multi-stressor environment contributes to amphibian declines

Michel E.B. Ohmer, Lesley A. Alton, and Rebecca L. Cramp

in Conservation Physiology: Applications for Wildlife Conservation and Management

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198843610
eISBN:
9780191879401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843610.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

The amphibian disease chytridiomycosis, caused by two fungal pathogens in the genus Batrachochytrium, has caused the greatest vertebrate biodiversity loss due to disease in recorded history. Both the ... More


Massage

Jacqui Stringer and Peter A Mackereth

in Enhancing Cancer Care: Complementary therapy and support

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199297559
eISBN:
9780191730023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297559.003.0018
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Massage involves the manipulation of soft tissues using a range of different techniques. The belief that a cancer diagnosis is a contra-indication to massage is largely unfounded, although ... More


Parasitism in the Endemic Galάpagos Dove (Zenaida galapagoensis) and Its Relation to Host Genetic Diversity and Immune Response

Diego Santiago-Alarcon, Robert E. Ricklefs, and Patricia G. Parker

in Emerging Avian Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520272378
eISBN:
9780520952201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520272378.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Studies on model organisms have shown that individuals with lower genetic diversity are more susceptible to pathogens and suffer greater fitness costs than less inbred individuals. We investigated ... More


Framing, Confessing, Self-efficacy, and Healing

Robert A. Scott

in Miracle Cures: Saints, Pilgrimage, and the Healing Powers of Belief

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262751
eISBN:
9780520946200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262751.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter argues that self-efficacy works in concert with other factors to regulate lifestyle habits that directly affect health. Exposure to the same stressors without the perceived or actual ... More


The function of sleep

Andrew J. K. Phillips

in Sleep, Health, and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198778240
eISBN:
9780191823756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778240.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

The function of sleep was a longstanding mystery in neuroscience, but there is now compelling empirical evidence for several key functions of sleep. Elucidating these functions and their underlying ... More


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