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Substance dualism and its rationale

HOWARD ROBINSON

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Substance dualism is the view that humans are essentially immaterial souls, and that conscious events are events in that soul. This chapter considers the arguments for and against this view. It ... More


Souls

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is about the view that we are simple immaterial substances–immaterialism–and related views. It is claimed to be best supported by the difficulty of saying what material things we could ... More


Hume's Paralogisms

Henry E. Allison

in Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532889
eISBN:
9780191714450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532889.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter deals with the two sections that Hume devotes to the mind or self: the first to its nature (material or immaterial), the second to its identity (personal identity). Hume's account of the ... More


Lukács’s Turn to a Political Economy of the Senses

Anita Chari

in A Political Economy of the Senses: Neoliberalism, Reification, Critique

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231173896
eISBN:
9780231540384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231173896.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter turns to an analysis of one of the most influential thinkers of reification critique, Georg Lukács who explored the crucial role that subjectivity played in the processes of the ... More


A Fatal Error of Locke’s?

Galen Strawson

in Locke on Personal Identity: Consciousness and Concernment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161006
eISBN:
9781400851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161006.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the unqualified attribution of the radical theory to John Locke is mistaken if we are to take into account the fact that the theory allows for freaks like [Sₓ]. It first ... More


Soul, Mind, and Brain

Brian Leftow

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter adumbrates a Thomistic, non-Cartesian version of dualism, defending the Thomistic theory from the familiar charge of inconsistency by showing how it is possible to assert simultaneously ... More


Imagining Mind and Body

David Cunning

in Argument and Persuasion in Descartes’ Meditations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195399608
eISBN:
9780199866502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399608.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the Second Meditation result “I am a thinking thing” is not the result “I am an immaterial thing” and is not the result “I am a thinking substance.” Most meditators are not ... More


The Iranian Metaphysicals: Explorations in Science, Islam, and the Uncanny

Alireza Doostdar

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691163772
eISBN:
9781400889785
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163772.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

What do the occult sciences, séances with the souls of the dead, and appeals to saintly powers have to do with rationality? Since the late nineteenth century, modernizing intellectuals, religious ... More


Minds Human, Artificial, and Divine

John Leslie

in Infinite Minds: A Philosophical Cosmology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248933
eISBN:
9780191697791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248933.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One key subject that is presented here is the idea that any states of mind intrinsically worth experiencing must be more than just collections of elements, the existence of which is separate from ... More


Time-Sharing and Virtualization

Tung-Hui Hu

in A Prehistory of the Cloud

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029513
eISBN:
9780262330091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029513.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This chapter examines the pre-history of what is now called “cloud computing”: the idea that computer power and software could be ‘piped’ into a user’s home, like electricity or other utilities. This ... More


Why We Really May Be Immaterial Souls

Peter Unger

in All the Power in the World

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155617
eISBN:
9780199850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155617.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents another new challenge to Scientiphicalism. With this challenge, one will see Scientiphicalism to comport very poorly even with his/her central beliefs as to his/her own apparent ... More


This Year's Model: "Fashion, Media, and the Making of Glamour"

Elizabeth A. Wissinger

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780814794180
eISBN:
9780814794197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814794180.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Over the last four decades, the fashion modeling industry has become a lightning rod for debates about Western beauty ideals, the sexual objectification of women, and consumerist desire. Yet, as ... More


Shakespeare's Entitlement: Literary Property and Discursive Enclosure

Margreta De Grazia

in Shakespeare Verbatim: The Reproduction of Authenticity and the 1790 Apparatus

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198117780
eISBN:
9780191671067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198117780.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

It is possible to substitute the subject of Edmond Malone's apparatus for that of John Singleton Copley's painting. The privilege the painting assigns specifically to Parliament and by extension to ... More


“Person”

Galen Strawson

in Locke on Personal Identity: Consciousness and Concernment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161006
eISBN:
9781400851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161006.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines John Locke's use of the word “person” as the root cause of the misunderstanding about his theory of personal identity. Most of Locke's readers tend to take the term “person” as ... More


Consciousness

Galen Strawson

in Locke on Personal Identity: Consciousness and Concernment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161006
eISBN:
9781400851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161006.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines what John Locke means by consciousness in relation to his account of personal identity. It begins with the statement that the only things of which one can be Conscious are: [M] ... More


Personal Identity

Galen Strawson

in Locke on Personal Identity: Consciousness and Concernment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161006
eISBN:
9781400851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161006.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines John Locke's idea of personal identity by focusing on the canonical personal identity question: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions of the truth of the claim that a ... More


“And therefore …”: [I]-transfers, [Ag]-transfers, [P]-transfers

Galen Strawson

in Locke on Personal Identity: Consciousness and Concernment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161006
eISBN:
9781400851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161006.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines John Locke's argument that it is possible to transfer consciousness of an action from one agent or thinking or intellectual substance to another as part of his main point: that ... More


How Rich is Concrete Reality?

Peter Unger

in All the Power in the World

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195155617
eISBN:
9780199850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195155617.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers some clearly distinct basic bodies, as with some spatially separate spherical red particles. It suggests that it is in conceiving such clearly spatial bodies as are so ... More


Substances

Richard Swinburne

in The Christian God

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235125
eISBN:
9780191598579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235127.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

A substance is a concrete individual thing that exists all at once. Although the world can be cut up into substances in different ways, any full description of the world will include both material ... More


Worlds, Books, and Essential Properties

Alvin Plantinga

in The Nature of Necessity

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244141
eISBN:
9780191598241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244142.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I begin by introducing the ideas of possible worlds, books on worlds, and essential properties. A possible world is a broadly logically possible state of affairs that is maximal. Furthermore, for any ... More


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