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Image to Interpretation: An Intelligent System to Aid Historians in Reading the Vindolanda Texts

Melissa Terras

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199204557
eISBN:
9780191708121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204557.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

The ink and stylus tablets discovered at the Roman fort of Vindolanda are a unique resource for scholars of ancient history. However, the stylus tablets in particular are extremely difficult to read. ... More


Numerical Methods for Image Registration

Jan Modersitzki

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528418
eISBN:
9780191713583
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528418.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This text provides an introduction to the theoretical, practical, and numerical aspects of image registration, with special emphasis on medical imaging. Given a so-called reference and template ... More


Linking binocular images

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Neighbouring images in the two eyes that are sufficiently similar are combined in the nervous system and passed on for processing to higher levels. The problem is to determine what stimulus features ... More


Introduction

Melissa M. Terras

in Image to Interpretation: An Intelligent System to Aid Historians in Reading the Vindolanda Texts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199204557
eISBN:
9780191708121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204557.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

The texts from the Roman fort of Vindolanda are an unparalleled source of information regarding the Roman army for historians, linguists, palaeographers, and archaeologists. However, due to their ... More


Shadow Stereo, Image Filtering, and Constraint Propagation

Michael Brady, Xiao-Bo Pan, Veit Schenk, Melissa Terras, Paul Robertson, and Nicholas Molton

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

It is agreed that stilus tablets are very important documentary sources, however they are the most difficult to decipher. The difficulties in deciphering them is due to the rough surface of the ... More


VISUALIZATION, PROCESSING AND ANALYSIS OF TOMOGRAPHIC DATA

Joachim Ohser and Katja Schladitz

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses methods for image segmentation and image processing particularly useful for 3D images of materials and structures, and analysis methods developed for extracting the spatial ... More


AFM image processing and analysis

Peter Eaton and Paul West

in Atomic Force Microscopy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570454
eISBN:
9780191722851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570454.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes procedures for image processing, display and analysis. AFM data is particularly suitable for further processing and analysis, and has some particular requirements, due to the ... More


INTRODUCTION

Jan Modersitzki

in Numerical Methods for Image Registration

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528418
eISBN:
9780191713583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528418.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter states the problem of image registration and presents various applications, including remote sensing and medical image registration. Three examples which serve as test cases throughout ... More


Digitising Cuneiform Tablets

Carlo Vandecasteele, Luc Van Gool, Karel Van Lerberghe, Johan Van Rompay, and Patrick Wambacq

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

In 1850, ‘Assyriology’, or the science of reading and interpreting cuneiform, was created. During this period, historians travelled to the Middle East and spent years copying cuneiform tablets. Now, ... More


Results

Melissa M. Terras and Dr Paul Robertson

in Image to Interpretation: An Intelligent System to Aid Historians in Reading the Vindolanda Texts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199204557
eISBN:
9780191708121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204557.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the application of the GRAVA system to analyze various sets of test data to determine its effectiveness in producing the correct ‘reading’ of a text. Images of various sections ... More


Reconstruction of a 3D Mummy Portrait from Roman Egypt

Alf Linney, João Campos, and Ghassan Alusi

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0016
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

This chapter focuses on the reconstruction of the portrait mummy of Hermione, which was excavated in 1911. Hermione lived during the reign of the Roman emperor Tiberius and belonged to the Greek ... More


Solving crystal structures from HRTEM images by crystallographic image processing

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

A fundamentally important feature of electron crystallography is its power in solving crystal structures directly from HRTEM images, using crystallographic image processing. With the appropriate ... More


In Images We Trust? Representation and Objectivity in the Digital Age

Emma K. Frow

in Representation in Scientific Practice Revisited

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262525381
eISBN:
9780262319157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262525381.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In recent years, editors of several high-profile science journals, including Science and Nature, have expressed concern about the ease with which image-processing software (particularly Photoshop) ... More


Electron crystallography ‐ an introduction

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The historical introduction covers the parallel developments in EM on inorganic and biological samples. Vainshtein, Pinsker and Zvyagin in Moscow solved structures from electron-diffraction patterns ... More


Experimental procedures of crystallographic image processing

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The practical experimental procedures of crystallographic image processing are described with ample figures from actual HRTEM images. A thin area of an image is Fourier transformed. The amplitudes ... More


Analog and Digital Photography

Tadaaki Tani

in Photographic Science: Advances in Nanoparticles, J-Aggregates, Dye Sensitization, and Organic Devices

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572953
eISBN:
9780191731266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572953.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The analysis of the present state of color films as a representative of analogue photography is followed by its comparison with that of digital photography with CCD and CMOS as sensors. Color films ... More


Space Technology

Peter J. Westwick

in Into the Black: JPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110753
eISBN:
9780300134582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110753.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on JPL's resumption of defense work in an effort to retain its staff, which declining NASA budgets could no longer support. These people had had a series of remarkable ... More


Drawing as: Distinctions and Disambiguation in Digital Images of Mars

Janet Vertesi

in Representation in Scientific Practice Revisited

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262525381
eISBN:
9780262319157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262525381.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter draws on two years of ethnographic fieldwork with the Mars Exploration Rover mission team to examine the use of images in the daily work of mission science. The author elaborates how ... More


Image Standardization in Paleohistology

Bromage Timothy G. and Werning Sarah

in Bone Histology of Fossil Tetrapods: Advancing Methods, Analysis, and Interpretation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520273528
eISBN:
9780520955110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273528.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter begins with a discussion of digital photomicrography. It then turns to image standardization; image acquisition systems for light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy; image ... More


Enhancing the Image

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

There are two levels of processing in the olfactory bulb. The first consists of the glomerular layer, which forms an image representing the smell molecules and performs signal-to-noise operations and ... More


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