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Speech Acts and Unspeakable Acts

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Courts declared that pornography is speech. MacKinnon declared pornography is a kind of act. Put these together and pornography is a kind of speech act. An Austinian perspective makes sense of two ... More


Lecture VIII

J. L. Austin

in How To Do Things With Words: The William James Lectures delivered at Harvard University in 1955

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245537
eISBN:
9780191680861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245537.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter describes the distinctions between the phonetic act, the phatic act, and the rhetic act. The phonetic act is merely the act of uttering certain noises. The phatic act is the uttering of ... More


Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism

Peter Unger

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244172
eISBN:
9780191711473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues for the thesis of universal ignorance, i.e., for the claim that nobody can ever know anything. To this effect, puts forward versions of the classical Cartesian argument for skepticism as well ... More


Philosophy of Language in Ethics

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philosophy of language, according to Hare, contributes significantly to ethics, because it provides a logical structure for moral thinking. Referring to J. L. Austin's theory of speech acts, Hare ... More


Functions of Language

Adrienne Lehrer

in Wine and Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307931
eISBN:
9780199867493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Classifications of the functions of language reflect the interests and goals of the one classifying. Most utterances serve more than one function, and communication includes more than transferring ... More


A Normative Theory of Speech

Terence Cuneo

in Speech and Morality: On the Metaethical Implications of Speaking

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198712725
eISBN:
9780191781063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712725.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents and defends the normative theory of speech according to which a locutionary act count-generates an illocutionary act in virtue of an agent’s having altered her normative ... More


Emotivism

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The thesis of Emotivism, a species of non‐descriptivism, is that there is more to the meaning of moral statements than syntax and truth conditions; in particular, moral statements have an expressive, ... More


Where Ignorance Enjoins Silence

Peter Unger

in Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244172
eISBN:
9780191711473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244177.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that if someone asserts that something is so, this entails that he or she represents himself or herself as knowing that it is so. This hypothesis is supported by consideration of a modified ... More


Language Conventions Made Simple *

Ruth Garret Millikan

in Language: A Biological Model

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284764
eISBN:
9780191603167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284768.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The conventionality of natural language is captured in much simpler terms than David Lewis’s, displaying its continuity with more rudimentary conventions involving neither coordinations, regular ... More


Clarke’s Insight

Terence Cuneo

in Speech and Morality: On the Metaethical Implications of Speaking

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198712725
eISBN:
9780191781063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712725.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces three key concepts. The first is that of moral realism, which is understood in a generic way, since it is compatible with either naturalism or non-naturalism. The second ... More


Perspectives and Slurs

Claudia Bianchi

in Beyond Semantics and Pragmatics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198791492
eISBN:
9780191868573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791492.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In discussing figurative speech, Lepore and Stone argue that metaphorical interpretation involves a process of perspective taking: metaphor invites us to organize our thinking about something through ... More


Speech Acts and the Internet: Austin to Bourdieu and Fraenkel

Bruno Ambroise

in Philosophy of Emerging Media: Understanding, Appreciation, Application

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190260743
eISBN:
9780190277772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260743.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

With the development of the Internet, “virtual” forms of communication have emerged, be they e-mails or social networks. Now if we follow J. L. Austin’s idea that to say something or communicate is ... More


Rethinking auxiliary doubling in adult and child language: How verb-movement turns propositions into illocutionary acts

Rebecca Woods and Tom Roeper

in Rethinking Verb Second

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198844303
eISBN:
9780191879845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844303.003.0036
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines a well-known ‘error’ in the production of English-acquiring children, namely auxiliary-doubling in questions. A new account for these structures is proposed, whereby children ... More


Co-semiosis and other interpersonal activities

Hans-Jörg Schmid

in The Dynamics of the Linguistic System: Usage, Conventionalization, and Entrenchment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814771
eISBN:
9780191852466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814771.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter discusses interpersonal activities which have the potential to feed into conventionalization and entrenchment. Co-semiosis is the most important interpersonal activity. It is defined as ... More


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