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Illicit amphetamine use around the world

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

A United Nations report (United Nations 2003) estimated a worldwide total of 34 million people who regularly abuse amphetamine-like stimulants and 8 ... More


Understanding Marijuana: A New Look at the Scientific Evidence

Mitch Earleywine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195138931
eISBN:
9780199893270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138931.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Marijuana is the world's most popular illicit drug, with hundreds of millions of regular users worldwide. One in three Americans has smoked pot at least once. The Drug Enforcement Agency estimates ... More


States of Violence: State-Crime Relations in Mexico

Mónica Serrano (ed.)

in Violence, Coercion, and State-Making in Twentieth-Century Mexico: The Other Half of the Centaur

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804781589
eISBN:
9780804784474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781589.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

For many years, Mexico has had to deal with an illicit drug economy and the extreme violence associated with it. The biggest changes in the country's drug trade occurred in the early 1980s, when ... More


Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Mitch Earleywine (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

At least one third of Americans have used an illicit drug at least once. Drugs attract considerable attention in science, legislation, and the media. Nevertheless, people develop their attitudes ... More


The Second Nixon Administration: Drug Abuse Control

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

in The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter rounds up the discussion of Richard M. Nixon's role in illicit drug use in the United States. It can be noted that Nixon was re-elected partly due to his administration's approach to law ... More


Retirement and Drug Abuse/Misuse

Peter A. Bamberger, Samuel B. Bacharach, Kathleen A. Briggs, and Meira Ben-Gad

in Retirement and the Hidden Epidemic: The Complex Link Between Aging, Work Disengagement, and Substance Misuse and What To Do About It

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199374120
eISBN:
9780190216894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374120.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses other forms of substance abuse (i.e., illicit drugs and prescription medications) in late life, in general, and in relation to retirement, in particular. Drawing from the ... More


Harms associated with illicit drug use

Thomas F. Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, María Elena Medina-Mora, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198818014
eISBN:
9780191859410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818014.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Five types of morbidity and mortality have been identified as the main health expressions of health harm associated with illicit drug use: 1) overdose; 2) other injury; 3) non-communicable physical ... More


The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Between 1960 and 1980 various administrations attempted to deal with a rising tide of illicit drug use that was unprecedented in U.S. history. This book provides a close look at the politics and ... More


Conducting Longitudinal Studies

Jorge Delva, Paula Allen-Meares, and Sandra L. Momper

in Cross-Cultural Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195382501
eISBN:
9780199777419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382501.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter we present two examples of longitudinal studies. Both studies utilize an etic–emic approach and both are underway in urban, cosmopolitan areas. In both studies the etic approach stems ... More


Drugs

Joy G. Dryfoos and Carol Barkin

in Adolescence: Growing Up in America Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179613
eISBN:
9780199847358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179613.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

With moderate use, marijuana remains the most benign substance on the drug scene, safer not only than cocaine or heroin but alcohol, pharmaceuticals, and certainly cigarettes. Most teenagers have ... More


Conducting Large-Scale Population-Based Survey Research

Jorge Delva, Paula Allen-Meares, and Sandra L. Momper

in Cross-Cultural Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195382501
eISBN:
9780199777419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382501.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter illustrates the conduct of population-based studies by describing the implementation of a large school-based survey of substance use in several Central American countries. The project's ... More


The Chinese Heroin Trade: Cross-Border Drug Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Beyond

Ko-lin Chin and Sheldon X. Zhang

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479895403
eISBN:
9781479832514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479895403.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In a country long associated with the trade in opiates, the Chinese government has for decades applied extreme measures to curtail the spread of illicit drugs, only to find that the problem has ... More


The effects of addictive substances and addictive behaviours on physical and mental health

Kevin D. Shield and Jürgen Rehm

in Impact of Addictive Substances and Behaviours on Individual and Societal Well-being

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198714002
eISBN:
9780191782282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714002.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The use of addictive substances dates back to the beginning of recorded history. Since 1990 consumption of addictive substances has rapidly increased, especially in developing countries, leading to ... More


Framing the issues

Thomas F. Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, María Elena Medina-Mora, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198818014
eISBN:
9780191859410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818014.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The use of psychoactive substances is commonplace in many parts of the world, despite the efforts of policymakers, government officials, public health advocates, and concerned citizens to prevent, ... More


Drug and alcohol policy for European youth: current evidence and recommendations for integrated policies and research strategies

Patricia Conrod, Angelina Brotherhood, Harry Sumnall, Fabrizio Faggiano, and Reinout Wiers

in Impact of Addictive Substances and Behaviours on Individual and Societal Well-being

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198714002
eISBN:
9780191782282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714002.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Binge-drinking and illicit drug use are highly prevalent among European youth. Through mapping and a systematic review of reviews it is concluded that there is little review-level evidence to support ... More


Summary and conclusions

Thomas F. Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, María Elena Medina-Mora, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198818014
eISBN:
9780191859410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818014.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Among the 47 options reviewed in this book, most show some evidence of effectiveness in at least one country, but the evidence is less than definitive for many others, either because the ... More


Retirement and the Hidden Epidemic: The Complex Link Between Aging, Work Disengagement, and Substance Misuse and What To Do About It

Peter A. Bamberger and Samuel B. Bacharach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199374120
eISBN:
9780190216894
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374120.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Substance misuse among older adults in the United States is a major hidden health threat, with broad implications for the welfare and quality of life of those misusing alcohol and drugs, as well as ... More


Health-related behaviour

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines three health determinants that lie inside of individuals’ own control: diet, physical activity, and substance use. The choices exhibited over these three classes of goods (or ... More


Impact of the economic recession on addiction-prone behaviours

Aleksandra Dubanowicz and Paul Lemmens

in Impact of Addictive Substances and Behaviours on Individual and Societal Well-being

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198714002
eISBN:
9780191782282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714002.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The recent economic downturn has led to market instabilities, collapse of financial institutions, cuts in public spending, increase in overall unemployment rates, and a decrease of disposable income. ... More


Substance Abuse and Recovery Through SFBT

Swathi M. Reddy, Kristin Bolton, Cynthia Franklin, and Karla Gonzalez Suitt

in Solution-Focused Brief Therapy with Clients Managing Trauma

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190678784
eISBN:
9780190678814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190678784.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter describes how SFBT has been used in the treatment of substance use and relies on the clinical literature to illustrate interventions. Specific ways to engage clients with substance use ... More


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