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Mothers of ‘The Bastard Child’

Patricia Crawford

in Parents of Poor Children in England 1580-1800

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199204809
eISBN:
9780191709517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204809.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines how women reacted to pregnancies and births outside marriage, and what happened to them and their children. It first discusses the legislative context in which women bore their ... More


‘Fathers’ of Illegitimate Children

Patricia Crawford

in Parents of Poor Children in England 1580-1800

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199204809
eISBN:
9780191709517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204809.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter reveals the diversity of men's responses to illicit paternity, and their general unwillingness to undertake even the basic duty of maintenance. When men were accused of fathering a ... More


Maidservants Adrift

Eleanor Hubbard

in City Women: Money, Sex, and the Social Order in Early Modern London

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199609345
eISBN:
9780191739088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609345.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses what became of pregnant maidservants. While maidservants have been described as vulnerable to sexual exploitation, in fact illegitimacy rates were low in London. This chapter ... More


Bringing up a Child

Patricia Crawford

in Parents of Poor Children in England 1580-1800

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199204809
eISBN:
9780191709517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204809.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter focuses on how poor mothers and fathers raised their children, and on what they understood their parental duties to be. It discusses how material circumstances affected their capacity to ... More


Children

William Cornish

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XIII: 1820–1914 Fields of Development

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239757
eISBN:
9780191705151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239757.003.0027
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter begins with a discussion of laws concerning legitimate and illegitimate offspring. It then discusses the legal capacities of children under civil law, governance of the father, ... More


Weimar Women on Welfare

David F. Crew

in Germans on Welfare: From Weimar to Hitler

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195053111
eISBN:
9780199854479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195053111.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the Weimar women on welfare as they were the majority clients of the Weimar welfare system. A variety of causes brought them to the welfare authorities: economic need ... More


Cherished equally? “Outdoor” provision for illegitimate children

Moira Maguire

in Precarious Childhood in Post-Independence Ireland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719080814
eISBN:
9781781702604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719080814.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter makes an analysis with regard to illegitimate children being raised in their own homes and families. It is noted that illegitimate children born in county homes and maternity hospitals ... More


Cherished equally? Institutional provision for illegitimate children

Moira Maguire

in Precarious Childhood in Post-Independence Ireland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719080814
eISBN:
9781781702604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719080814.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter discusses the provision for illegitimate children in institutional settings. It is suggested that many unmarried mothers left the institutions in a matter of months, and many also took ... More


Bastards (Nothoi)

Deborah Kamen

in Status in Classical Athens

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138138
eISBN:
9781400846535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138138.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on nothoi. A nothos was defined as the child of two parents who were not legally married, hence the term's standard translation: “bastard.” Nothos status can be divided into two ... More


The Stain of Illegitimacy: Gender, Law, and Trollopian Subversion

Martha C. Nussbaum

in Subversion and Sympathy: Gender, Law, and the British Novel

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199812042
eISBN:
9780199315888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812042.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Illegitimacy is both legal disability and social stigma. In pre-Victorian and Victorian Britain, the two impediments were mutually reinforcing: legal exclusions imposed on “bastards” a debased social ... More


Legal Discrimination against Unwed Mothers

in Tough Choices: Bearing an Illegitimate Child in Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761291
eISBN:
9780804772396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761291.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

In Japan, single unwed mothers experience greater legal discrimination than other single mothers. These legal disadvantages are evident in the family register, a document that makes unwed mothers and ... More


Cohabitation, illegitimacy, and the law in England, 1750–1914

Ginger S. Frost

in Living In Sin: Cohabiting As Husband and Wife in Nineteenth-century England

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077364
eISBN:
9781781700723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077364.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter clarifies the law of marriage in England that changed several times over the course of the nineteenth century, but was based primarily on the Hardwicke Marriage Act of 1753. The ... More


The Twentieth Century

Edward Rohs and Judith Estrine

in Raised by the Church: Growing up in New York City's Catholic Orphanages

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823240227
eISBN:
9780823240265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823240227.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter describes the aftermath of WWII and the challenges society faced in housing and caring for the generation of baby boomers who were born into extreme deprivation. It discusses ... More


“The Worst Child Abuse Is the Absence of a Parent”: The Role of Guilt

in Tough Choices: Bearing an Illegitimate Child in Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761291
eISBN:
9780804772396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761291.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Most women in Japan try to avoid having children out of wedlock. The persistent association of childrearing with marriage against ever more liberal sexual behavior is reflected in the proliferation ... More


Racist civilization of children in Latin America

Manfred Liebel

in Decolonizing Childhoods: From Exclusion to Dignity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781447356400
eISBN:
9781447356448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447356400.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

The colonization of the subcontinent, now called Latin America, was at first a severe form of exploitation of land and people. Over the massive immigration of European migrants and the recruitment of ... More


Tough Choices: Bearing an Illegitimate Child in Japan

Ekaterina Hertog

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761291
eISBN:
9780804772396
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761291.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

As is the case in Western industrialized countries, Japan is seeing a rise in the number of unmarried couples, later marriages, and divorces. What sets Japan apart, however, is that the percentage of ... More


The Carolingian Example: The Sons of Concubines

Sara McDougall

in Royal Bastards: The Birth of Illegitimacy, 800-1230

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198785828
eISBN:
9780191827631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785828.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Cultural History

The exclusion of bastards from succession is often considered one of the key innovations of the Carolingian dynasty, in contrast to their Merovingian predecessors who treated all of a king’s sons as ... More


Living with Status Ambiguity: Guardsmen, Merchants, and Illegitimate Children

Eugene Y. Park

in A Family of No Prominence: The Descendants of Pak T?khwa and the Birth of Modern Korea

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804788762
eISBN:
9780804790864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804788762.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

A much greater body of extant documents allows chapter 2 to tell an increasingly complex story of the Paks during the eighteenth century. Contrary to common assumptions that the specialist chungin ... More


Women at War

Victoria Stewart

in The Second World War in Contemporary British Fiction: Secret Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640997
eISBN:
9780748651832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640997.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter discusses how illicit relationships might have been conducted during the war and what the supposed freedoms of wartime offered women, showing that the actions of women in wartime were ... More


Conclusion

Brian Pullan

in Tolerance, Regulation and Rescue: Dishonoured women and abandoned children in Italy, 1300-1800

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784991296
eISBN:
9781526115034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784991296.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The conclusion makes comparisons between the medieval and early modern notion of the lesser evil and the more recent concept of harm reduction, and asks how far recent debates on prostitution, child ... More


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