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Inside the Castle: Law and the Family in 20th Century America

Joanna L. Grossman and Lawrence M. Friedman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149820
eISBN:
9781400839773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149820.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This book is a comprehensive social history of twentieth-century family law in the United States. The book shows how vast, oceanic changes in society have reshaped and reconstituted the American ... More


Marriage and Sexual Relationships

Andrew R. Holmes

in The Shaping of Ulster Presbyterian Belief and Practice, 1770-1840

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288656
eISBN:
9780191710759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288656.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter outlines official marriage practices and attitudes, with particular reference to the established church, before examining the communal aspect of marriage and sexual relations within the ... More


Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This is the first attempt to describe the real lives of unmarried mothers, and attitudes to them, in England from the First World War to the present. We focus on England because the legal position, ... More


Sex and the Single Woman

Allyson M. Poska

in Women and Authority in Early Modern Spain: The Peasants of Galicia

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199265312
eISBN:
9780191708763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265312.003.03
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines issues of female sexuality in Galician communities. Despite ecclesiastical prohibitions on non-marital sex, it is apparent that these women had considerable sexual freedom. They ... More


The Politics of Fertility in Seventeenth-Century France

Leslie Tuttle

in Conceiving the Old Regime: Pronatalism and the Politics of Reproduction in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195381603
eISBN:
9780199870295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381603.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

Human fertility was a political issue in modern France long before eighteenth‐century writers raised concerns about depopulation. This chapters surveys seventeenth‐century thinking about the ... More


Introduction

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The Introduction introduces two main themes; first, the experiences of and attitudes to unmarried mothers and their children in twentieth-century England stressing the diversity of those experiences ... More


Secrets and Lies: Being and Becoming an Unmarried Mother in Early Twentieth-Century England 1

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Points out how many ‘illegitimate’ children were born between the 1830s and 1930s, but that we don't know how many stayed with their mothers. It outlines the variety of ways they stayed together: for ... More


Between the Wars

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

How unmarried mothers and their children survived in interwar Britain. This chapter describes how difficult it was for women to obtain maintenance from the father through the courts. It emphasizes ... More


The Second World War: Another Moral Panic

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

‘Illegitimacy’ increased again during the Second World War, causing another moral panic about rampant sexuality among young people. Official statistics showed reality: pre-marital pregnancy was ... More


Unmarried Motherhood in ‘Family Britain’: Challenging Bowlby

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

After the war still high levels of unmarried motherhood and cohabitation and many mothers still lived with their parents in an atmosphere of tolerance but secrecy. Harder for mothers on their own to ... More


Unmarried Mothers in the ‘Welfare State’

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Real improvements for poorer unmarried mothers in the Welfare State created by the post-war Labour Government, building on the wartime experience of inadequate public services for mothers and ... More


The Permissive Society? Unmarried Motherhood in the 1960s

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Questions how much changed and why. Most changes were from the later 1960s: liberal legislation (e.g., divorce reform, legal abortion), the pill, increased divorce, open cohabitation, births outside ... More


A Finer Future?

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The first thorough account of the work of the Finer Committee on One-Parent Families, set up by the Labour Government in 1969, reported in 1974. The most detailed study, then or since, of the past ... More


The Struggle Continues: 1980s–90s

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Continuing difficulties for unmarried mothers and their children despite improvements. Margaret Thatcher's Conservative Governments, cuts to welfare, pressure on mothers to work, but childcare hard ... More


Fractured Families: The Perils and Possibilities of Atlantic Distance

Sarah M. S. Pearsall

in Atlantic Families: Lives and Letters in the Later Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199532995
eISBN:
9780191714443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532995.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter provides general background for the many reasons families experienced Atlantic distance in the 18th century, including the increased importance of the colonies, economic growth, ... More


Into the Twenty-First Century: Progress?

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0010
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Labour won the 1997 election. Attacks on lone mothers ceased. Benefits, assistance into work and training, and availability of childcare gradually improved, as did the employment situation and the ... More


The Social and Demographic Framework

SHEILAGH OGILVIE

in A Bitter Living: Women, Markets, and Social Capital in Early Modern Germany

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205548
eISBN:
9780191719219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205548.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Childcare often makes intensive use of women's time, so this chapter examines the demographic and familial framework in the pre-industrial German society under analysis in this book and sets it in a ... More


Children’s Legal Status: Legitimate or Illegitimate?

Stephen Cretney

in Family Law in the Twentieth Century: A History

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280919
eISBN:
9780191713170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280919.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Family Law, Legal History

Legal systems traditionally distinguish between legitimate and illegitimate birth, with the illegitimate (‘bastard’) denied recognition. A number of techniques were developed to mitigate the hardship ... More


‘Conferring a Premium on the Destruction of Female Morals’: Fertility Control and Sexuality in the Early to Mid-Nineteenth Century

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the interaction between the need for fertility control, male and female sexual desire, and the vulnerability created by the dependent economic status of mothers. In the 19th ... More


The Inky Body: Writing Corporeality

Dúnlaith Bird

in Travelling in Different Skins: Gender Identity in European Women's Oriental Travelogues, 1850-1950

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199644162
eISBN:
9780199949984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644162.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter explores the aesthetic representation of the female form in Orientalist painting and travel writing, and how these forms are contested and even dismembered in the vagabondage travelogue. ... More


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