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Ideological Polarization: Different Worlds in East and West

Hermann Schmitt and André Freire

in Citizens and the European Polity: Mass Attitudes Towards the European and National Polities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199602339
eISBN:
9780199949908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602339.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

Ideological polarization is often understood as threatening the quality of electoral democracy. However, the contrary view has also been expressed, namely that ideological depolarization, by causing ... More


Political Participation, Polarization, and Public Opinion: Activism and the Merging of Partisan and Ideological Polarization

John H. Aldrich and Melanie Freeze

in Facing the Challenge of Democracy: Explorations in the Analysis of Public Opinion and Political Participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151106
eISBN:
9781400840304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151106.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter considers how dynamics in public opinion combine with changes in participation and in the degree of elite (specifically, congressional) polarization in this regard. It begins by ... More


The Paradox of Partisanship in the United States

John L. Campbell and Ove K. Pedersen

in The National Origins of Policy Ideas: Knowledge Regimes in the United States, France, Germany, and Denmark

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150314
eISBN:
9781400850365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150314.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses how the United States experienced a crisis of partisanship that was marked by a continuing escalation in ideological rancor, polarization, and divisiveness in Washington. This ... More


Democracy in Israel: Proven Yet Precarious

Ezra Mendelsohn

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: XII: Literary Strategies: Jewish Texts and Contexts

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195112030
eISBN:
9780199854608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112030.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter reviews literary works made at the conundrum of Israel's democratic vitality. Israeli democracy has survived two major transfers of power, in 1977 and 1992, and has thereby passed the ... More


Summary and Conclusions: Europe in Equilibrium—Unresponsive Inertia or Vibrant Resilience?

David Sanders, Pedro C. Magalhães, and Gábor Tóka

in Citizens and the European Polity: Mass Attitudes Towards the European and National Polities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199602339
eISBN:
9780199949908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602339.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

This chapter starts by describing the features of domestic, national-level and European Union-level politics that the previous chapters have sought to illuminate. It then summarizes the fundamental ... More


Policy-based Voting and the Type of Democracy

Diana Burlacu and Gábor Tóka

in Elections and Democracy: Representation and Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198716334
eISBN:
9780191784934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716334.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines whether various features of what Lijphart called consensus democracy, such as proportional representation, multiparty systems, and coalition governments promote party–voter ... More


The Positions of Clergy on Contemporary Issues of Public Life

Corwin E. Smidt

in Pastors and Public Life

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190455491
eISBN:
9780190455521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190455491.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the change and continuity evident in the political attitudes held by Protestant clergy over the past two decades. The first section of the chapter examines the issue positions ... More


How do Populists Govern?

Takis S. Pappas

in Populism and Liberal Democracy: A Comparative and Theoretical Analysis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198837886
eISBN:
9780191874482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837886.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 5 deals with populists in office and exposes what the author terms the “populist blueprint.” Once again based on comparative empirical analysis, it explains how populist parties consolidate ... More


Velvet Revolutions and the Thorny Paths of Transition

Balázs Trencsényi, Michal Kopeček, Luka Lisjak Gabrijelčič, Maria Falina, Mónika Baár, and Maciej Janowski

in A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe: Volume II, Part II: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Short Twentieth Century' (1968 and Beyond)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198829607
eISBN:
9780191868122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829607.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The “velvet” and not so “velvet” revolutions of 1989 triggered fervent discussions on the nature of the postcommunist political system. The paradigm of transitology provided the dominant framework ... More


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