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Access to Justice of Victims of Massacres and Crimes of State

Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade

in The Access of Individuals to International Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580958
eISBN:
9780191728785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580958.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

In recent years the Inter-American Court of Human Rights has taken cognizance of, and pronounced upon, a cycle of cases concerning massacres, disclosing the occurrence of true crimes of State. It was ... More


On the Psychology of the Identifiable Victim Effect

Deborah A. Small

in Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217471
eISBN:
9780190217488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter reviews the literature from psychology on aid allocation decisions—focusing specifically on the “identifiable victim effect.” The goal is to build a bridge between what the research from ... More


The bird in the hand…

D. W. Yalden and U. Albarella

in The History of British Birds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217519
eISBN:
9780191712296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217519.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ornithology

This chapter introduces the avian skeleton and the most important (easiest to identify, most robust) bones. Their differences from equivalent mammal bones are considered. The possibilities and ... More


“Dual-Process” Models of the Mind and the “Indentifiable Victim Effect”

Peter Railton

in Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217471
eISBN:
9780190217488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Probabilities are pervasive in our lives, and thus our ability to learn and use probabilistic information effectively has a central place in humankind’s adaptive capacities. Curiously, research on ... More


Religious Belief and Popular Culture in Southwark c.1880–1939

S. C. Williams

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207696
eISBN:
9780191677786
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207696.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

This book challenges the domination of the institutional church as the overriding concern of 19th-century religious history by taking as its starting point the nature and expression of religious ... More


Asymptotic Properties of the Estimators

Søren Johansen

in Likelihood-Based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774501
eISBN:
9780191596476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774508.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The asymptotic properties of the estimators for adjustment coefficients and cointegrating relations are derived under the assumption that they have been estimated unrestrictedly. We show that the ... More


The Very Possibility of Language (2001)

Nathan Salmon

in Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning: Philosophical Papers, Volume I

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284719
eISBN:
9780191603235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284717.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Many philosophers have argued that a sentence like ‘Chris believes that the Earth is round’ actually mentions particular words rather than any proposition. Alonzo Church demonstrates that this is ... More


Later Experiments

Adrienne Lehrer

in Wine and Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307931
eISBN:
9780199867493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Subsequent to the publication of Wine and Conversation (1983), one more wine study was carried out, which was to determine if subjects could re-identify wines with their own previous descriptions. ... More


Identification and Elimination

Stefan Petrow

in Policing Morals: The Metropolitan Police and the Home Office 1870–1914

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201656
eISBN:
9780191674976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201656.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Close supervision provided the authorities, particularly the police department, the chance to check on the activities of criminals. Accumulating information on past convictions of criminals and ... More


The Status of Identity: Developments in Identity Status Research

Jane Kroger

in Adolescence and Beyond: Family Processes and Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199736546
eISBN:
9780199932443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736546.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter addresses another central issue in self-regulatory research, that of identity development. It provides an overview of Marcia's (1966) influential approach to studying the process of ... More


The Identification of Peremptory Norms

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in Peremptory Norms in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546114
eISBN:
9780191712203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546114.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the criteria of identifying jus cogens, in particular whether structural or substantive method should be preferred, and also the moral basis of jus cogens. Particular jus cogens ... More


Spelling and Typos

Steve Hart

in English Exposed: Common Mistakes Made by Chinese Speakers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390755
eISBN:
9789888390465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390755.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter presents spelling errors that are caused by confusing certain terms, picking up bad habits, and simply mistyping.


Understanding Animal-to-Animal Variability in Neuronal and Network Properties

Astrid A. Prinz, Tomasz G. Smolinski, and Amber E. Hudson

in The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Recent findings from electrophysiological, molecular, and modeling studies indicate that identified neurons and small neuronal networks can generate similar functional electrical activity on the ... More


A New Right to Secession

Timothy William Waters

in Boxing Pandora: Rethinking Borders, States, and Secession in a Democratic World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300235890
eISBN:
9780300249439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300235890.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes a right of secession by self-identified communities through plebiscites—a truly self-determined process. This new rule allows communities to identify themselves without ... More


Treatment and Prevention: What Do We Owe Each Other?

Norman Daniels

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Without focusing on the details of specific health systems, this chapter considers what we owe each other with regard to promoting and restoring health and what this means for the balance between ... More


Taking Stock of Your School, Your Families, and Your Community

Nancy Feyl Chavkin

in Family Engagement in Schools: Strategies for School Social Workers and Educators

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190642129
eISBN:
9780190642150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190642129.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Communities and Organizations

“Taking Stock of Your School, Your Families, and Your Community” introduces the planning model for working in the area of family engagement with schools. There are three parts to the Very Important ... More


United Arab Emirates: Partial Belonging and Temporary Visas

Cawo M. Abdi

in Elusive Jannah: The Somali Diaspora and a Borderless Muslim Identity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816697380
eISBN:
9781452952376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816697380.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Chapter Two explores how Somali migrants’ religious and ethnic affinity with the Emirati population allows them to strategically enact their ‘Arab’ and Muslim identify and do not experience any ... More


Strategic Thinking in Complex Problem Solving

Arnaud Chevallier

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190463908
eISBN:
9780190627447
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190463908.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Strategic Thinking in Complex Problem Solving provides a framework and practical tools to help the reader solve problems. In our personal and professional lives, we are required to solve problems ... More


Disco and Down Home Blues: Country and Soul at the End of the 1970s

Charles L. Hughes

in Country Soul: Making Music and Making Race in the American South

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469622439
eISBN:
9781469623245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622439.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This concluding chapter explores the musical genres of country and soul during the 1970s and beyond. It first discusses country, who interpolated disco, the newest sound in black-identified music, ... More


How Do We Know Security When We See It? Problematisation as Method

Andrew W. Neal

in Security as Politics: Beyond the State of Exception

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474450928
eISBN:
9781474465342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474450928.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter tackles a methodological problem posed by the premise of the book: if ‘security’ cannot be recognised by its ‘anti-political’ logic, then how can we know ‘security’ when we see it? The ... More


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