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Strangeness and power of the quantum

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

in Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes the non-classical aspects of the quantum theory. The strangeness of the quantum can be traced back to the superposition principle rooted in the linearity of quantum theory. ... More


The Problem of Identical Particles

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Do the properties of a compound or aggregate supervene on the properties of its parts? Theories that imply a negative answer (or the states they attribute) are called ’holistic’. Besides the EPR ... More


Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distributions

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0029
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the effect that exchange symmetry has on the quantum wave functions of collections of identical particles. This allows the introduction of bosons and fermions, which can be used ... More


Identical particles

Efstratios Manousakis

in Practical Quantum Mechanics: Modern Tools and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749349
eISBN:
9780191813474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749349.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the case of a many-body system of identical particles. It considers the consequencies of the symmetry of the Hamiltonian under particle permutations in this case. It discusses ... More


Perfect Gas

Jochen Rau

in Statistical Physics and Thermodynamics: An Introduction to Key Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199595068
eISBN:
9780191844300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199595068.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The perfect gas is perhaps the most prominent application of statistical mechanics and for this reason merits a chapter of its own. This chapter briefly reviews the quantum theory of many identical ... More


States and Operators

Bryan J. Dalton, John Jeffers, and Stephen M. Barnett

in Phase Space Methods for Degenerate Quantum Gases

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199562749
eISBN:
9780191747311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562749.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter sets out the second-quantisation treatment for systems of identical bosons or fermions. Key features such as the symmetrisation principle and super-selection rules are presented. ... More


Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Quantum theory was developed in response to a welter of new experimental phenomena, yet appeared to depict a world so esoteric as to be literally unimaginable. Interpretation of the theory became ... More


Identical Particles and Second Quantization: Occupation Number Representation

Norman J. Morgenstern Horing

in Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198791942
eISBN:
9780191834165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791942.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Focusing on systems of many identical particles, Chapter 2 introduces appropriate operators to describe their properties in terms of Schwinger’s “measurement symbols.” The latter are then factorized ... More


Composite Systems, Interaction, and Measurement

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The three main issues in the foundations of quantum theory are measurement, non‐locality, and identical particles (quantum statistics). All of these pertain to the relations between different parts ... More


Phase Space Methods for Degenerate Quantum Gases

Bryan J. Dalton, John Jeffers, and Stephen M. Barnett

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199562749
eISBN:
9780191747311
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562749.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Recent experimental progress has enabled cold atomic gases to be studied at nanokelvin temperatures, creating new states of matter where quantum degeneracy occurs—Bose–Einstein condensates and ... More


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