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Realistic Decision Theory: Rules for Nonideal Agents in Nonideal Circumstances

Paul Weirich

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780195171259
eISBN:
9780199834976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517125X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Decision theory aims at a general account of rationality covering humans but to begin makes idealizations about decision problems and agents' resources and circumstances. It treats inerrant agents ... More


Ideal to Real

Paul Weirich

in Realistic Decision Theory: Rules for Nonideal Agents in Nonideal Circumstances

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780195171259
eISBN:
9780199834976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517125X.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter combines adjustments for removal of idealizations. It recommends maximizing self-conditional utility among self-supporting options, using a quantization of conscious beliefs and desires, ... More


Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks

Mark David Spence

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195142433
eISBN:
9780199848812
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195142433.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book examines the ideal of wilderness preservation in the United States from the antebellum era to the first half of the twentieth century, showing how the early conception of the wilderness as ... More


Putting Logic in its Place: Formal Constraints on Rational Belief

David Christensen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263257
eISBN:
9780191602603
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263256.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Are rational beliefs constrained by formal logic? This book argues that if beliefs are seen in a binary way (either one believes a proposition or one doesn't), then the standard constraints of ... More


Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Lawrence Sklar

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Sceptics have often cast doubt on the legitimacy of claims to the effect that our best scientific theories are true. One ground for such scepticism is the fact that our theories advert to the ... More


Conclusions

Lawrence Sklar

in Theory and Truth: Philosophical Critique within Foundational Science

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251575
eISBN:
9780191598449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251576.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Abstract, philosophical scepticism about the truth of theories can rest on doubts about positing unobservables, doubts arising out of the role played by idealization in theories, and doubts arising ... More


Two Forms of Pluralism

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines two forms of pluralism in philosophy of mind that are suggested by explanatory pluralism in philosophy of science. The first is a radical ontological pluralism suggested by John ... More


The Scope and Plausibility of Cognitive Pluralist Epistemology

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues for the plausibility of Cognitive Pluralism as a general principle of cognitive architecture, and argues further that scientific pluralism is plausibly seen as a special case of ... More


Naturalism and Scientific Practice

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a tension between Quine's naturalism and his confirmational holism that has been pointed out by Penelope Maddy, amongst others. Naturalism requires us to look to science to ... More


Literature, History, and Philosophy: The Example of De re publica

Matthew Fox

in Cicero's Philosophy of History

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211920
eISBN:
9780191705854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211920.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The chapter is the first in a series of detailed readings of individual philosophical dialogues. De republica is examined as an attempt to ground political theory in Roman history, but one that ... More


Abstract and Concrete

Nancy Cartwright

in Nature's Capacities and Their Measurement

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235071
eISBN:
9780191597169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235070.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Modern science relies heavily on Galilean idealization, which establishes ceteris paribus laws—laws about what happens when a factor operates unimpeded. But these laws are of little direct use since ... More


Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Alan Weir

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book defends an anti-platonist philosophy of mathematics derived from game formalism. Classic formalists claimed implausibly that mathematical utterances are truth-valueless moves in a game. ... More


Scale, Scope, and Structure

RICHARD WHITTINGTON and MICHAEL MAYER

in The European Corporation: Strategy, Structure, and Social Science

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251049
eISBN:
9780191714382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251049.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter begins by introducing the large industrial corporation — for some, a crowning achievement of 20th-century capitalism, for others now just a redundant remnant. It examines the debates ... More


Andrew Marvell, Orphan of the Hurricane

Derek Hirst and Steven N. Zwicker

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655373
eISBN:
9780191742118
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655373.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, Poetry

This book studies the poetry and polemics of one of the greatest of early modern writers, a poet of immense lyric talent and political importance. The book situates these writings and this writer ... More


Consciousness of Abstract Objects *

Richard Tieszen

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Edmund Husserl is one of only a few major philosophers in the last one hundred years or so who holds that it is possible to develop a philosophy of mind in which one can account for the consciousness ... More


Foundations of a Measurement‐Theoretic Account of the Attitudes

Robert J. Matthews

in The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and their Attribution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199211258
eISBN:
9780191705724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211258.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a brief introduction to the numerical measurement theory upon which the ‘measurement-theoretic’ account of the attitudes will be modeled. Topics covered include the ... More


From rudimentary to classical logic

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Rudimentary logic falls short of classical logic in a number of ways. To bridge the gap, the Second Philosopher follows Frege and imposes a number of restrictions and idealizations: she treats only ... More


Mathematics in application

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Turning now to the role of mathematics in natural science, this chapter takes up a number of themes. First, the Quine/Putnam idea that the indispensability of mathematics for much of science confirms ... More


Introduction

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The introduction sets out the attractions and drawbacks of mathematical platonism, then gives an overview of the anti-platonistic argument of the book, paying particular attention to the difficulties ... More


Proof Set in Concrete

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter attempts to carry out the task promised earlier: a purely concretist syntax and proof theory, where abstract types are replaced by concrete ‘tipes’, construed as fusions of concrete ... More


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