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Introduction

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter outlines the empirical context of the debate over reparations for historic international injustice, with particular reference to colonialism and the slave trade. It ... More


Changing the Rules

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines other ways the Argument from Completeness might be attacked. It identifies two strategies that the realist might deploy in order to avoid the difficulties engendered by the ... More


Assessing the Cosmopolitan Ideal

Claus Nielsen

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the practical implications of the cosmopolitan ideal of a just world order, and discusses ‘the guidance critique’ of this ideal: the claim that cosmopolitan theories are too ... More


Why Worry about Historic Injustice?

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter outlines a number of critical responses to the project of seeking to rectify historic injustice, and explains why they largely do not apply to international libertarian accounts of ... More


Quality of Life Measures in Health Care and Medical Ethics

Dan Brock

in The Quality of Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287971
eISBN:
9780191596704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287976.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Brock's comprehensive study of measures of quality of life in the area of healthcare shows that doctors and philosophers, in their quest for the best way to assess the quality of patients’ lives, ... More


Newton's Methodology and the Practice of Science

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I. Distinctive features of Newton’s method: Successively more accurate approximations and increasing empirical support from measurements. Part II. The Mercury perihelion problem: A proposal to ... More


Democratic Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter contrasts his consequentialist account of democratic rights with prominent nonconsequentialist accounts, including those of Rawls, Habermas, Barry, and Waldron. He explains why majority ... More


The Aims of a Moral Theory

Timothy Fowler

in Liberalism, Childhood and Justice: Ethical Issues in Upbringing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529201635
eISBN:
9781529201680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529201635.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

The chapter defends the use of ideal theory, and that moral theory should rely on insights from the social sciences. An ideal theory is one that assumes away some political constraints, while the ... More


Feasibility, Normativity, and Institutional Guarantees

John Tomasi

in Free Market Fairness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144467
eISBN:
9781400842391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144467.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers John Rawls' conception of ideal theory, with particular emphasis on the implications of problems of feasibility for normative political philosophy and market democracy's ... More


Challenges for Minimal Marriage: Poverty, Property, Polygyny

Elizabeth Brake

in Minimizing Marriage: Marriage, Morality, and the Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199774142
eISBN:
9780199933228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774142.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Chapter 8 takes up the problem of implementing the marriage law of ideal theory in a non-ideal world. It addresses concerns that minimal marriage would worsen the lot of the vulnerable, especially ... More


The feasibility of global poverty eradication in nonideal circumstances

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses the feasibility challenge against conceptions of global justice as it applies to the fulfillment of basic socioeconomic human rights. Section 4.1 introduces the challenge. ... More


The Allure of the Ideal: Orienting the Quest for Justice

Gerald Gaus

in The Tyranny of the Ideal: Justice in a Diverse Society

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183428
eISBN:
9781400881048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183428.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter identifies several different enduring models of utopian-ideal thought, arguing that one stands out as meriting closer investigation. It argues that this is an attractive understanding of ... More


An Unrealistic Introduction

David Estlund

in Utopophobia: On the Limits (If Any) of Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691147161
eISBN:
9780691197500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147161.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter aims to locate this book's motivating concerns in the context of traditional and contemporary political philosophy. The argument to come is not a defense, nor is it a critique, of any ... More


Utopophobia: On the Limits (If Any) of Political Philosophy

David Estlund

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691147161
eISBN:
9780691197500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147161.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Throughout the history of political philosophy and politics, there has been continual debate about the roles of idealism versus realism. For contemporary political philosophy, this debate manifests ... More


Getting ‘Real’ About Political Ideas: Conceptual Morphology and the Realist Critique of Anglo-American Political Philosophy

Mathew Humphrey

in Liberalism as Ideology: Essays in Honour of Michael Freeden

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600670
eISBN:
9780191738203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600670.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

We are currently seeing an upsurge of ‘realism’ in political philosophy, in the work of theorists such as Raymond Geuss and the late Bernard Williams. A key part of this work is a critique of ... More


A Theory of Justice for Animals: Animal Rights in a Nonideal World

Robert Garner

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199936311
eISBN:
9780199345816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936311.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book argues that animals are worthy recipients of justice, and that, in practice, excluding animals from a theory of justice amounts, at best, to the claim that we have very limited direct ... More


What Is Non-Ideal Theory?

Gopal Sreenivasan

in Transitional Justice: NOMOS LI

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814794661
eISBN:
9780814725276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814794661.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents John Rawls' ideal and non-ideal theory of justice. The ideal theory argues that institutions are well ordered when they are both just and known to be just, and when individuals ... More


The Accidental Error Theorist

Richard Joyce

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The moral error theorist faces many kinds of opposition. One kind of opponent offers an identity claim between moral properties and certain naturalistic properties (e.g., of the format “Goodness = ... More


The Moral Problem of Assurance

Aaron James

in Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that assurance problems may arise among morally motivated agents, and that these are of fundamental relevance for the political philosophy of “ideal theory.” It is argued that the ... More


The Value of Ideal Theory

Matthew Adams

in John Rawls: Debating the Major Questions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190859213
eISBN:
9780190859220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859213.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter delineates two types of ideal theory that are found in Rawls’s corpus of work. The first is ideal-method theory, which is theory constructed using idealizing assumptions that do not ... More


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