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Ice in nature

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter surveys the many forms in which ice occur in nature. Lake and river ice have characteristic polycrystalline structures and these are different from sea ice. In the atmosphere water ... More


On Causality and Ice Age Deglaciations

Alexandre Casanovas and Vicent Gómez

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0026
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the most important of several factors that influence ice ages—solar forcing. Others, such as ocean circulation, are consequences of uneven solar radiation. The complexity of ... More


Isotope Hydrology

Robert E. Criss

in Principles of Stable Isotope Distribution

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117752
eISBN:
9780197561195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117752.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

No substance exemplifies the principles of isotope distribution better than water. Water is practically ubiquitous at the Earth's surface, where it undergoes phase transitions, interacts with ... More


Late Quaternary Glaciation of the Tropical Andes

Geoffrey O. Seltzer

in The Physical Geography of South America

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195313413
eISBN:
9780197562475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195313413.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

The effects of climate change are intrinsic features of Earth’s landscapes, and South America is no exception. Abundant evidence bears witness to the changes that have shaped the continent over ... More


Introduction

E. L. Wolf

in Physics and Technology of Sustainable Energy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198769804
eISBN:
9780191822636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769804.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

An introduction to long-term climate-neutral energy makes clear that most arises from the Sun or the motions of the Sun-Earth system. Quantum physics is an essential part of understanding the Sun’s ... More


Century- to Millennial-Scale Climate Change and Ecosystem Response in Taylor Valley, Antarctica

Andrew G. Fountain and W. Berry Lyons

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0031
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The view of climate change during the Pleistocene and the Holocene was very much different a mere decade ago. With the collection and detailed analyses of ... More


Biogeochemistry and Climate: The Tools

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter focuses on tools for climate research: biogeochemical observations and models. It discusses physical climate observations, such as temperature and humidity, and in situ observations of ... More


Context

Alan Graham

in Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic History of North American Vegetation (North of Mexico)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195113426
eISBN:
9780197561126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195113426.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

The interaction between vegetation and the environment over time is one of the most complex of the Earth’s integrated systems. In addition to the direct methodologies of paleopalynology and ... More


Earth: Human Impact

Yuk L. Yung and William B. DeMore

in Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195105018
eISBN:
9780197560990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195105018.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

For eons the global environment of the planet has shaped the biosphere, and has been in turn shaped by the biosphere. According to the Gaia hypothesis, the overall impact of the biosphere on the ... More


Century to Millennial Timescale—Synthesis

Douglas G. Goodin and Raymond C. Smith

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0034
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

At longer timescales, the interaction among climate, ecosystems, and the abiotic components of the environment become increasingly important. These ... More


Interdecadal-Scale Variability: An Assessment of LTER Climate Data

Maurice J. McHugh and Douglas G. Goodin

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Interdecadal-scale climate variability must be considered when interpreting climatic trends at local, regional, or global scales. Significant amounts of ... More


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