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Electromagnetism of Continuous Media: Mathematical Modelling and Applications

Mauro Fabrizio and Angelo Morro

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527008
eISBN:
9780191713316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527008.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book is devoted to the mathematical modelling of electromagnetic materials. Electromagnetism in matter is developed with particular emphasis on material effects, which are ascribed to memory in ... More


Heroes, Herds and Hysteresis in Technological History: Thomas Edison and ‘The Battle of the Systems’ Reconsidered

Paul A. David

in Understanding Industrial and Corporate Change

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269426
eISBN:
9780191710179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269426.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter looks at the development of electric lighting and power supply networks in terms of the battles waged around 1887-1892 between proponents of direct and alternative current systems of ... More


Magnetic hysteresis

Mauro Fabrizio and Morro Angelo

in Electromagnetism of Continuous Media: Mathematical Modelling and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527008
eISBN:
9780191713316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527008.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Hysteresis is a phenomenon where nonlinearity and memory effects occur at the same time. This chapter describes a few models of magnetic hysteresis with particular emphasis on these two features. ... More


Adaptive Custom

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Because custom is only vaguely defined with respect to its scope and content, this gives rise to the problem of erosion: people will bend the rules of custom in ambiguous cases by slightly ... More


Consequences to Reefs of Changing Environmental Stress

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

A stable state in a healthy reef is a dynamic equilibrium, maintained by interactions between the different trophic groups and by a balance between growth and erosion from weather and eroding ... More


Endogenous Fertility and the Environment: A Parable of Firewood

Marc Nerlove and Anke Meyer

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses a model which examines interactions between population growth and the environment. In this model, various assumptions are made such as that fertility is endogenous; parents are ... More


Smooth and Lumpy Changes

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Conservatism and conformity lead to inertia and critical mass phenomena. As a consequence, smooth changes in circumstances may induce discontinuous changes in custom and give rise to phenomena of ... More


Rules and Schemata

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Custom consists of a set of regularities that may be described as rules. This chapter explores the nature of rules as cognitive entities, and what distinguishes rules from arbitrary associations ... More


SURFACE ENERGY AND CAPILLARY PRESSURE

C. Mathew Mate

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The energies associated with surfaces — surface energy, interfacial energy, surface tension, and work of adhesion — drive many surface phenomena including tribological ones such as adhesion and ... More


The Identifiability Effect

Gilles Saint‐Paul

in The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Discusses another source of status‐quo bias, namely the identifiability effect. This refers to the fact that the gainers and losers from an institution currently in place are better identified than ... More


POSITIVE IONS IN NORMAL LIQUID 3HE FOR T < 1 K

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The positive ion mobility in normal liquid 3He at low temperatures has long puzzled researchers because of its hysteretic behavior, until it was discovered that the ion structure induced by ... More


OTHER MAGNETIC MOLECULES

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter advocates other classes of magnetic molecules, which do not show SMM behaviour but are very interesting for their magnetic properties. The first class is referred to as the ferris wheel ... More


Dimensional stability of pendulum materials

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The dimensional stability of a pendulum directly affects its accuracy. If the bob sags downward or warps upward, the clock slows down or speeds up. If the temperature compensator shrinks or expands ... More


Stability of suspension spring materials

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

A pendulum's suspension spring is so simple physically, and yet so complicated in questions of size, what material to use, bending fatigue, length stability, the effects of its Young's modulus ... More


Micromagnetic models

Ralph Skomski

in Simple Models of Magnetism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570752
eISBN:
9780191718816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570752.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Hysteresis is a key feature of magnetic materials, and its prediction from atomic or intrinsic parameters is a major challenge in magnetism. The determination of hysteresis loops from local ... More


Ferroelectric polymers

Robert Blinc

in Advanced Ferroelectricity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199570942
eISBN:
9780191728631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570942.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The physical properties of ferroelectric polymers, like polyvinylidene fluoride and its copolymers are briefly discussed. It is shown that polar nanoclusters are induced either by compositional ... More


Nonlinear nanoelectromechanical systems

R. Karabalin and M. L. Roukes

in Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators: From Nanomechanics to Quantum Superconducting Circuits

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691388
eISBN:
9780191742255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691388.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The emerging field of NEMS has spawned an exceptional recent growth of activity amongst the research and engineering communities. Among the many interesting attributes of NEMS, they possess strong ... More


Upgrading at the Cost of Unemployment?

Daniel Oesch

in Occupational Change in Europe: How Technology and Education Transform the Job Structure

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680962
eISBN:
9780191761010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680962.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

The previous chapters make a clear case for occupational upgrading. Yet upgrading may not warrant excessive optimism if it comes at the cost of unemployment – if the low educated have simply been ... More


Sequence, Salt, Charge, and the Stability of DNA at High Pressure

Robert B. Macgregor Jr and John Q. Wu

in High Pressure Effects in Molecular Biophysics and Enzymology

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097221
eISBN:
9780197560839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097221.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

The effect of pressure on the helix-coil transition temperature (Tm) is reported for the double-stranded polymers poly(dA)poly(dT), poly[d(A-T)], poly[d(l-C], and ... More


Rheology of Block Copolymers

Chang Dae Han

in Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials: Volume 1: Polymer Rheology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195187823
eISBN:
9780197562352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195187823.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Block copolymer consists of two or more long blocks with dissimilar chemical structures which are chemically connected. There are different architectures ... More


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