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Other Neurophysiological Aspects Pertinent to ECE Phenomenology

Michael N. Marsh

in Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Brain-State Phenomena or Glimpses of Immortality?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571505
eISBN:
9780191722059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571505.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

This chapter elucidates other possible neurophysiological aetiologies of extra-corporeal experience (ECE). These include such items as endorphins, hypoxia, nitrous oxide, and carbon dioxide narcosis, ... More


Astrocyte Injury

Christopher J. Feeney and Peter K. Stys

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0033
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

A general perception has emerged over the past two decades of research that astrocytes are relatively resistant to insults such as those caused by ischemia [oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD)], and ... More


Retinal Cellular Metabolism and its Regulation and Control

Dao-Yi Yu, Stephen J Cringle, Paula K Yu, Er-Ning Su, Xinghuai Sun, Wenyi Guo, William H Morgan, Xiao-Bo Yu, and Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The retina is an extension of the brain with a high functional activity and high metabolic rate but with only a limited blood supply. Consequently there is a delicate balance between high metabolic ... More


Physiological Adaptations to Extreme Environments

Stanley S. Hillman, Philip C. Withers, Robert C. Drewes, and Stanley D. Hillyard

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Amphibians

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198570325
eISBN:
9780191728259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570325.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter explores what is known about how amphibians deal with extreme environmental situations, beginning with aquatic environments, both fresh water and marine. It then describes life in ... More


Cardiorespiratory Integration

Patrice G. Guyenet

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter describes how the central nervous system (CNS) coordinates respiration and the circulation to achieve pO2 and pCO2 homeostasis and optimal tissue oxygenation. The process occurs at ... More


Functional Anatomy, Development, and Pathology of the Hippocampus

Pierre Lavenex

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

The hippocampal formation is comprised of a group of cortical regions, including the dentate gyrus, hippocampus, subiculum, presubiculum, parasubiculum, and entorhinal cortex. The hippocampal ... More


Continuous electronic fetal monitoring during labour

Ian Leck and Stephen B. Thacker

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) during labour. EFM during labour involves recording the fetal heart rate by means of an electrode on the fetal scalp or an ultrasound probe on ... More


Hemoglobin: Insights into protein structure, function, and evolution

Jay F. Storz

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198810681
eISBN:
9780191847929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810681.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The aims of this book are to provide a synthesis of our current understanding of hemoglobin structure, function, and evolution, and to illustrate how research on this paradigmatic protein has ... More


The congruity of rat and chick multiphasic memory-consolidation models

C. Allweis

in Neural and Behavioural Plasticity: The Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521846
eISBN:
9780191724640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes the key facts that have led to the proposal of the three-phase model of memory consolidation following active avoidance training in the rat, and compares it with the ... More


Disturbance

DEANNA J. STOUDER and MICHELLE L. McMULLIN

in The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Disturbance influences all elements of ecological organization. Given limited information on the role of natural disturbance in California marine systems, this chapter describes examples on the ... More


Respiratory responses of marine animals to environmental hypoxia

John I. Spicer

in Stressors in the Marine Environment: Physiological and ecological responses; societal implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198718826
eISBN:
9780191788352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Low O2 (hypoxia) is a natural feature of some marine environments, but is becoming more prevalent because of anthropogenic disturbance. Hypoxia is lethal for many marine species, but most animal ... More


Coping with extremes

Steven F. Perry, Markus Lambertz, and Anke Schmitz

in Respiratory Biology of Animals: evolutionary and functional morphology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199238460
eISBN:
9780191864056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199238460.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Developmental Biology

The vast majority of humans live at altitudes where respiration usually appears to ‘come for free’. However, high altitudes as well as diving teach us that there is no such thing as a free lunch. ... More


Analyzing the Visual Image—The Retina: Glaucoma and Diabetic Retinopathy

John E. Dowling and Joseph L. Dowling

in Vision: How It Works and What Can Go Wrong

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034616
eISBN:
9780262333566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034616.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Two stages of visual information processing occur in the retina–one in the outer retina and the other in the inner retina. The photoreceptors provide input to the outer retina whereas the bipolar ... More


Marine biodiversity: its past development, present status, and future threats

Stephen Widdicombe and Paul J. Somerfield

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter focuses on the past, present, and future of marine biodiversity. It first provides an overview of biodiversity and what it means and compares the biodiversity of marine and terrestrial ... More


Oxygen

Jon F. Harrison, H. Arthur Woods, and Stephen P. Roberts

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199225941
eISBN:
9780191774607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225941.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter talks about the central insect respiratory problem – their capability of regulating oxygen delivery to tissues under variable internal and external conditions – pinpointing in particular ... More


Resistances to asphyxia

Robert Elsner

in Diving Seals and Meditating Yogis: Strategic Metabolic Retreats

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226246710
eISBN:
9780226247045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226247045.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines asphyxial tolerance in mammals. The seal's characteristic adaptations for long breath-holding provide a model of mammalian asphyxial endurance obviously greater than that of its ... More


The Impact of Congenital Heart Disease on Cognitive and Behavioral Functioning

Jo Wray

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Congenital heart disease (CHD) has been defined as “. . . a gross structural abnormality of the heart or intrathoracic great vessels that is actually or potentially of functional significance” ... More


Neurocognitive Outcomes in Sickle Cell Disease

F. Daniel Armstrong and Steven Pavlakis

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0033
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with a range of serious complications, including painful episodes, acute chest syndrome, stroke, splenic sequestration, overwhelming bacterial sepsis, and a ... More


Neuropsychological Consequences of Sleep-Disordered Breathing

Jennifer Janusz and Ann Halbower

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0066
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Pediatric sleep disorders have been gaining awareness among practitioners due to their potential for cognitive, behavioral, and somatic effects (Gozal 2008; Moore et al. 2006). Sleep-disordered ... More


The state of seven seas

Christopher L. J. Frid and Bryony A. Caswell

in Marine Pollution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198726289
eISBN:
9780191843815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198726289.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Seven regions are described in terms of their pollution history, other synergistic human pressures, the current challenges and management approaches. Although the timing and detailed impacts vary, ... More


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