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DISCOVERING CAUSAL RELATIONSHIPSH

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

There are two main proposals for discovering causal relationships: a hypothetico-deductive and an inductive approach. Neither account is fully satisfactory. Various specific approaches are discussed, ... More


EPISTEMIC CAUSALITY

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter develops an epistemic theory of causality. The origins of such a theory may be found in the writings of Kant and Ramsey. According to the epistemic theory, we think in terms of cause and ... More


An Introduction to Newton's Scientific Method

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter includes some historical background on Astronomy, mechanics and physical causes, as well as an overview of Newton’s background framework and his theoretical concept of a centripetal ... More


Evidence for Molecules: Jean Perrin and Molecular Reality

Peter Achinstein

in The Book of Evidence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Jean Perrin's argument for the existence of molecules on the basis of his 1908 experiments with Brownian motion is examined. Various interpretations of that argument, including hypothetico‐deductive, ... More


Developing theories that bridge mind and brain: Some thoughts of a cognitive psychologist

Andrew P. Yonelinas

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter suggests that the approaches pursued in imaging research can be allocated to one of three categories — exploratory studies, validation studies, and hypothetico-deductive studies. The ... More


Introduction

William H. Baxter and Laurent Sagart

in Old Chinese: A New Reconstruction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199945375
eISBN:
9780199369812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945375.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

After defining Old Chinese, this short introductory chapter characterizes the approach used in the book, contrasting it with more traditional approaches whose limitations are described: first, the ... More


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