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Meta‐conceivability and Thought Experiments

Roy Sorensen

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A meta-conception is a hypothetical one. It answers a question by imagining someone (usually a more able conceiver) answering that question via an act of imagination. Thus, meta-conceptions stand to ... More


What Does Disjunction do?

R. E. Jennings

in The Genealogy of Disjunction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195075243
eISBN:
9780199852970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075243.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explains the final account of the origins of disjunction. In Russell's account, “or” corresponds to a state of hesitation. ‘In order to express a hesitation in words, we need “or” or ... More


Psychological Studies of Causal and Counterfactual Reasoning

James Woodward

in Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590698
eISBN:
9780191731242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590698.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper explores some interconnections between studies of causal and counterfactual reasoning conducted by psychologists and treatments of causation and counterfactuals in the philosophical ... More


The Logic of Causation

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Getting Causes from Powers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695614
eISBN:
9780191731952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695614.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The theory offered suggests a univocal account of causation, but without offering any reductive analysis. The chapter can still say something informative about the features of causation, such as ... More


Studying Gender Stereotypes and Women Candidates

Kathleen Dolan

in When Does Gender Matter?: Women Candidates and Gender Stereotypes in American Elections

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199968275
eISBN:
9780190201142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968275.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter provides the theoretical framework for the project, relying on theories of stereotyping and information from social psychology. The framework supports the notion that gender stereotypes ... More


A Vision of a Science of Economics

Bernt P. Stigum

in Econometrics in a Formal Science of Economics: Theory and the Measurement of Economic Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028585
eISBN:
9780262323109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028585.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The chapter presents Ragnar Frisch and Trygve Haavelmo’s vision of a science of economics, explicates in simple terms the meaning of a formal theory-data confrontation, and describes and resolves an ... More


Logic

Amirouche Moktefi

in The Mathematical World of Charles L. Dodgson (Lewis Carroll)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198817000
eISBN:
9780191858697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817000.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses Dodgson’s work on syllogisms (a topic that can be traced back to Aristotle and Ancient Greece) and how to solve them systematically using a marked board and some counters. His ... More


Conditionals

Raymond S. Nickerson

in Conditional Reasoning: The Unruly Syntactics, Semantics, Thematics, and Pragmatics of "If"

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190202996
eISBN:
9780190249137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202996.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the prototypical and other forms of conditionals. Distinguishes several types of conditionals, including indicatives, counterfactuals, deontic conditionals, and compound ... More


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