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Kant's Arguments for His Formula of Universal Law

Derek Parfit

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the structure of the argument for duty in the Kantian context, in which it was most influentially formed. Kant notoriously argues that the supreme principle of morality must be ... More


Rational Agency and Imperatives

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter focuses on Kant’s account of rational agency and his move from this to the formulation of the categorical imperative. Rational agents are those with a capacity to act according to their ... More


A Reply to Professor Frankena *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The author replies to Prof. William K. Frankena's article accusing her of an ‘attack on morality’. Her articles on ‘Morality and Art’ and ‘Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives’ are ... More


Introduction: Liberty Vs. License

Randy E. Barnett

in The Structure of Liberty: Justice and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297291
eISBN:
9780191598777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297297.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter places the arguments of the rest of the book into philosophical context. It distinguishes between liberty and licence, identifies the natural law method of given‐if‐then reasoning, and ... More


Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Henry E. Allison

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a comprehensive commentary on Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). It differs from most recent commentaries in paying special attention to the structure of the work, ... More


Reasoning with Conditionals

A. W. Price

in Contextuality in Practical Reason

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534791
eISBN:
9780191715877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534791.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hypothetical imperatives are problematic: does ‘If you want to get drunk every evening, you ought to work in a bar’ entail, given ‘You want to get drunk every evening’, ‘You ought to work in a bar’? ... More


Kant's Hypothetical Imperatives—Imperatives of ‘Skill’—Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives

Hans Kelsen

in General Theory of Norms

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252177
eISBN:
9780191681363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252177.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

By an ‘imperative’ Kant understands the linguistic expression of a ‘command’. ‘The conception of an objective principle, so far as it constrains a will, is a command (of reason), and the formula of ... More


Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is commonly supposed that Immanuel Kant, distinguishing categorical imperatives from hypothetical (or desire based) imperatives, proved that moral judgements give categorical imperatives. These ... More


Practical Reason and the Unity of the Will

Christine M. Korsgaard

in Self-Constitution: Agency, Identity, and Integrity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199552795
eISBN:
9780191720550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552795.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explains how the principles of practical reason serve to unify the will, and how that makes them normative. This account of normativity is contrasted to two other accounts that are ... More


Autonomy and Efficacy

Christine M. Korsgaard

in Self-Constitution: Agency, Identity, and Integrity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199552795
eISBN:
9780191720550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552795.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the account defended in the previous chapter, Kant's categorical and hypothetical imperatives are constitutive principles of action. This chapter substantiates that claim by explaining ... More


Inference

R. M. Hare

in The Language of Morals

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810773
eISBN:
9780191597619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198810776.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare argues that one exception to the rule that no imperative conclusion can validly be drawn from premises that do not contain at least one imperative are ‘hypothetical imperatives’ because their ... More


Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals *

H. A. Prichard

in Moral Writings

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250196
eISBN:
9780191598265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250197.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Discusses central aspects of Kant's work on the nature of morality and the basis of moral obligation. In examining the categorical imperative and the hypothetical imperative, emphasizes the real ... More


The Hypothetical Imperative?

Mark Schroeder

in Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues against the common view, advocated by Tom Hill and Christine Korsgaard, that Kant’s view of hypothetical imperatives was a wide-scope theory of instrumental rationality. This ... More


Schopenhauer’s Anti-Kantian Account of Morality

Barbara Hannan

in The Riddle of the World: A Reconsideration of Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378948
eISBN:
9780199869589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378948.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter gives an overview of Kant's ethical theory, including both its appealing features and its problematic points. It notes that the following possess intuitive appeal: (1) Kant's notion that ... More


Necessitation and Justification in Kant’s Ethics

Mark Timmons

in Significance and System: Essays on Kant's Ethics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190203368
eISBN:
9780190203399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190203368.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers an interpretation of Kant’s claim that hypothetical imperatives are analytic and categorical imperatives are synthetic. This distinction applies comfortably to propositions having ... More


The Importance of Moral Rules and Principles

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter describes elements of the broadly Kantian conception of why certain rules are important, reviews some common objections, and considers these questions: (1) Is it morally important to ... More


Normativity and Natural Knowledge

Hilary Kornblith

in Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Critics of naturalistic epistemology often argue that any account of knowledge that is descriptive thereby loses its ability to account for epistemic normativity. This chapter presents an account of ... More


Correct Belief

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The chapter addresses a puzzle. In an objective sense, one ought to believe all and only what’s true. This loses the normative/natural distinction, making objective oughts conceptually equivalent to ... More


‘Ought’ and ‘Right’

R. M. Hare

in The Language of Morals

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810773
eISBN:
9780191597619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198810776.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare argues that, though some philosophers have drawn a rigid distinction between ‘good’ and ‘right’ or ‘ought’, these words are logically related. Thus, ‘right’ or ‘ought’ is equally supervenient on ... More


Hypothetical Imperatives: Scope and Jurisdiction

Mark Schroeder

in Reason, Value, and Respect: Kantian Themes from the Philosophy of Thomas E. Hill, Jr.

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199699575
eISBN:
9780191793035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699575.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Tom Hill’s 1973 article, “The Hypothetical Imperative” continues to be one of the best entrees into ongoing discussions of instrumental rationality, and arguably represents the standard contemporary ... More


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