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Neuroanatomy of CTA: lesion studies

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni and T Yamamoto

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Food properties are transmitted by taste nerves from the buds in the oral cavity to the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) in the brain stem. Gastrointestinal irritation caused by toxic meal activates ... More


Summary

Arvid Carlsson

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This volume began with overviews of pre- and post-synaptic aspects of the serotonergic system which emphasized its complexity and heterogeneity. This complexity is to be expected, given that the ... More


The neurology of anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews data from a range of disciplines and, in particular, the comparison of lesion effects with those of anti-anxiety drugs. It presents an essentially two-dimensional picture of the ... More


Connections of orbital cortex

Joseph L. Price

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the connections of the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex. Intrinsic connections indicate the presence of distinct orbital and medial networks, with the orbital network ... More


Sequential and parallel circuits for emotional processing in primate orbitofrontal cortex

Helen Barbas and Basilis Zikopoulos

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Several features of the circuits of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) suggest that it is in an ideal position to convey signals associated with the emotional significance of events. Key features of this ... More


From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Charles E. Ribak, Carlos Aramburo de la Hoz, Edward G. Jones, Jorge A. Larriva Sahd, and Larry W. Swanson (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This book describes current information about the three areas mentioned in the title: neuronal migration and development, degenerative brain diseases, and neural plasticity and regeneration. The ... More


Immune and endocrine systems

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The placebo effect in the immune and endocrine system is basically a conditioned response, whereby classical conditioning plays a key role. Conditioned immunosuppression affects a number of immune ... More


Hunger

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter covers peripheral signals for hunger and satiety. Internal regulators of appetite and body weight are described, such as hormones including leptin. Brain mechanisms are explained and the ... More


Brain-stimulation reward

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter covers self-stimulation of the brain, which includes the identification of reward systems in the brain, and the hypothalamus, orbitofrontal cortex, amygdala, and ventral striatum.


Pleasure: The Final Judge in Wine Tasting

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Like everything else involved in the taste of wine, the pleasure that a good wine gives is created by the brain. A half century of research has identified centers in the brain whose stimulation ... More


Structure and Function of Brain Systems for Conscious and Nonconscious Representation

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Given the limitations of current models, this chapter takes us back to the structure and functioning of brain regions themselves, focussing first on on systems considered important for understanding ... More


Central Autonomic Pathways

J. Patrick Card and Alan F. Sved

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The integrated control of physiological function of organ systems and tissues requires dynamic and responsive neural circuits. The brain controls adaptive changes in physiology through the ... More


The Nucleus of the Solitary Tract: Processing Information from Viscerosensory Afferents

Michael C. Andresen and Julian F. R. Paton

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) is the first location within the central nervous system for the integration and modulation of cardiovascular afferent as well as other viscerosensory input. ... More


The Hypothalamus and Autonomic Regulation: An Overview

Roger A. L. Dampney

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The hypothalamus plays a key role in regulating autonomic function, usually as part of more generalized, often quite stereotyped, behavioural responses triggered by internal challenges (e.g., a ... More


Autonomic and Neuroendocrine Roles of the Paraventricular Nucleus

Javier E. Stern

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Maintenance of bodily homeostasis by the central nervous system involves complex interactions between the neuroendocrine and the autonomic nervous systems. Concerted actions between these systems ... More


Central Circulatory Control: Psychological Stress and the Defense Reaction

Pascal Carrive

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews the history and our current understanding of the central pathways mediating cardiovascular responses to psychological stress. The first part of the chapter deals with the ... More


Understanding How Stress Affects the Physical Body

BRUCE S. RABIN

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter explains how psychological stress affects the brain, neuroendocrine system and ultimately, the cardiovascular and immune systems. A theoretical model is presented that details the ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


Neural Circuits Regulating Maternal Behavior: Implications for Understanding the Neural Basis of Social Cooperation and Competition

Michael Numan

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0031
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

What are the neural mechanisms that determine whether an individual cooperates or competes with another member of his or her species? In other words, what neural mechanisms determine whether ... More


The brain mechanisms underlying emotion

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The functions of the orbitofrontal cortex, cingulate cortex, amygdala, and other brain regions in emotion and its disorders including depression are described.


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