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Prenatal Ethanol Exposure and Fetal Programming: Implications for Endocrine and Immune Development and Long-Term Health

Joanna H. Sliwowska, Xingqi Zhang, and Joanne Weinberg

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the adverse effects of prenatal ethanol exposure on neuroendocrine and immune function, with particular emphasis on the concept of fetal programming in the ... More


Stress and the Hippocampus

Morris Richard

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the role of the hippocampal formation and other “higher” structures, such as the amygdala and prefrontal cortex, in the negative feedback regulation of the ... More


Sex Differences in HPA Axis Regulation

Elizabeth A. Young, Ania Korszun, Helmer F. Figueiredo, Matia Banks-Solomon, and James P. Herman

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0000
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter reviews the interactions between gonadal steroids and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, especially the ability of gonadal steroids to modulate glucocorticoidnegative ... More


Neurohormones, Neurodevelopment, and the Prodrome of Psychosis in Adolescence

Elaine F. Walker, Amanda McMillan, and Vijay Mittal

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

It has been suggested that the neural systems governing the response to stress, especially the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, may function to augment the expression of the core ... More


A life course approach to neuroendocrine systems: the example of the HPA axis

Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Michael Gardner, and Stafford Lightman

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Endocrine systems play an important role in development, and in maintaining normal health. The hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis is one plausible pathway as it may be related to frailty, ... More


Nitric Oxide and Aggression

Silvana Chiavegatto, Gregory E. Demas, and Randy J. Nelson

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on aggressive behavior. Topics discussed include NO and aggression in Down syndrome and affective disorders, interaction with serotonin, ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


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