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When the Immune System Is the Problem, Not the Solution: Hypersensitivity and Allergy

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

As scientists looked ever more closely at the immune system during the first half of the 20th century, it became apparent that in a number of situations exposure to a foreign antigen did not lead to ... More


Developmental disorders and multisensory perception

Elisabeth L. Hill, Laura Crane, and Andrew J. Bremner

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents a review of research concerning multisensory processing impairments in three developmental disorders: developmental coordination disorder (DCD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ... More


Cellular and molecular mechanisms of central sensitization

michael W. Salter and Clifford J. Woolf

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

As a sensory and emotional experience generally associated with tissue-damaging or nearly tissue-damaging stimuli, pain might be considered to be a unitary physiological and pathological process. ... More


Occupational Diseases

Gregory Chan, Chung Tsing, and David Koh

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Occupational diseases are illnesses that are associated with a particular occupational or industry and result from hazards in the workplace. They are entirely preventable if hazards in the workplace ... More


Parents’ perceptions of their child’s health

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter looks at a study of several parental concerns related to their child's health. The study showed that 2.8% of the children were considered food intolerant. A report of food intolerance in ... More


Vestibular N-Methyl-d-Aspartate Receptors in Normal and Compensated Guinea Pigs

Catherine De Waele, Nicholas Vibert, Alain Berthoz, and Pierre Paul Vidal

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0103
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The postural syndromes observed after unilateral global and selective lesions of the vestibular apparatus are discussed in the first part of this chapter. The second part includes the results that ... More


Eliciting Stimuli

JOHN W. RENFREW

in Aggression and Its Causes: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082302
eISBN:
9780199846894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082302.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines environmental conditions and stimuli that naturally produce or facilitate aggression. The findings reveal that the stimulus classes that have the most influence on aggressive ... More


The Worseness of Nonexistence

Theron Pummer

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most believe that it is worse for a person to die than to continue to exist with a good life. At the same time, many believe that it is not worse for a merely possible person never to exist than to ... More


Respiratory Disorders

Crystal M. North and David C. Christiani

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the clinical presentation of commonly-encountered occupational and environmental respiratory disorders, including principles regarding disease recognition and prevention. Where ... More


Infection and Immunity

Jade Chow, John Patterson, Kathy Boursicot, and David Sales (eds)

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Medical Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199605071
eISBN:
9780191918070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199605071.003.0027
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

A key outcome in medical education is the training of doctors to acquire the knowledge and understanding of the basic science that underpins clinical practice. The graduate will be able to apply to ... More


Dermatology

Iqbal Khan (ed.)

in Best of Five MCQs for the MRCP Part 1 Volume 2

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198747161
eISBN:
9780191916922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747161.003.0004
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions 52-year-old man presents to the clinic for review some six weeks after starting phenytoin for complex partial seizures. He is very concerned as he has a rash which began on his face but ... More


Principles of clinical pharmacology

Stevan R. Emmett, Nicola Hill, and Federico Dajas-Bailador

in Clinical Pharmacology for Prescribing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199694938
eISBN:
9780191918438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199694938.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Pharmacology

Pharmacology is defined as the study of the effects of drugs on the function of a living organism. It is an inte­grative discipline that tackles drug/ compound behaviours in varied physiological ... More


Sorites on What Matters

Theron Pummer

in Ethics and Existence: The Legacy of Derek Parfit

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780192894250
eISBN:
9780191915314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894250.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Ethics in the tradition of Derek Parfit’s Reasons and Persons is riddled with sorites-like arguments, which lead us by what seem innocent steps to seemingly false conclusions. Take, for example, ... More


Lopsided Lives

Theron Pummer

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Vol 7

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808930
eISBN:
9780191846649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808930.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Intuitively there are many things that non-derivatively contribute to well-being: pleasure, desire satisfaction, knowledge, friendship, love, rationality, freedom, moral virtue, and appreciation of ... More


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