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Levels of Selection and the Major Evolutionary Transitions

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter looks at the ‘major evolutionary transitions’, in particular the idea that multi-level selection theory is crucial for understanding them. These transitions occur when a number of ... More


Autocatalysis in Chemistry and the Origin of Life

John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter provides an extensive review of the biochemistry literature on the origins of life where the concept of autocatalysis figures most prominently. There is a lively debate in the scientific ... More


 The Origins of Life and the Cosmos as Evolutionary Themes

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter demonstrates that the origin of the universe was probabilistic, not preordained, because Heisenberg's uncertainty principle would have been violated at the level of the Big Bang. The ... More


Ecological hypercycles—covering a planet with life

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ecological hypercycles are auto-catalytic processes by which different organisms (or guilds) improve each others environments. For example, autotrophs producing material of use to decomposers and the ... More


Economic Production as Chemistry II

John F. Padgett, Peter McMahan, and Xing Zhong

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter further develops an agent-based model of economic production from the previous chapter. It shows that certain limitations intrinsic to the original hypercycle model—in particular, ... More


Bio-inspired Artificial Chemistries

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Biological systems have inspired a large number of ACs, naturally of a more complex type. Just as their natural counterparts, such artificial systems show a multitude of phenomena and often cannot ... More


Runaway Dispersal in Social Species

Daniel Oro

in Perturbation, Behavioural Feedbacks, and Population Dynamics in Social Animals: When to leave and where to go

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198849834
eISBN:
9780191884368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198849834.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Local populations are in most cases open and connected with other populations through dispersal. Dispersal, aside from its multiplicative nature, has a demographic additive effect for the ... More


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