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 The Origins of Life and the Cosmos as Evolutionary Themes

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter demonstrates that the origin of the universe was probabilistic, not preordained, because Heisenberg's uncertainty principle would have been violated at the level of the Big Bang. The ... More


The Five Percent Solution to Vision

Pete A. Ensminger

in Life Under the Sun

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter begins with the concept of the evolution of the eye by natural selection as argued by Charles Darwin and others and goes on to describe vision in various life forms. The chapter ... More


The Origin of Life

Raymond L. Neubauer

in Evolution and the Emergent Self: The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150705
eISBN:
9780231521680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150705.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the origin of life by focusing on at least three sources for molecules that could be precursors to life: chemical processes in interstellar space and at hydrothermal vents, and ... More


Visual Pigments and Photoreceptors

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on visual pigments and photoreceptors. In living things, photoreception inevitably begins with a photochemical event—a molecule intercepts a photon of light and is somehow ... More


All at Sea

Roy Livermore

in The Tectonic Plates are Moving!

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198717867
eISBN:
9780191860492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717867.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

According to first-generation plate tectonics, sea-floor spreading was nice and simple. Plates were pulled apart at mid-ocean ridges, and weak mantle rocks rose to fill the gap and began to melt. The ... More


Aquatic habitats

Lawrence R. Walker

in The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575299
eISBN:
9780191774836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575299.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines natural aquatic disturbances least affected by human activities. The ten disturbances — animal carcasses, volcanoes, hydrothermal vents, earthquakes, erosion and deposition, ... More


Ultimate Riddle: Origin of Cellular Life

Franklin M. Harold

in In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

In all of biology, there is no more consequential problem than the origin of life; yet despite the expenditure of much effort and ink over the past seventy years a satisfactory answer continues to ... More


Hunting Hyperthermophiles and Their Viruses: From the Great Depths to the Laboratory

Patrick Forterre

in Microbes from Hell

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226265827
eISBN:
9780226265964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226265964.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This more personal chapter starts describing how the author discovered the work of Carl Woese on archaea and why he decided to work on hyperthermophiles. Important differences between eukaryotes and ... More


The Perplexing Chronicles of Bioenergetics: Making a Living, Now and in the Past

Franklin M. Harold

in In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

All biological operations require the input of energy. In contemporary organisms, energy is harvested by mechanisms that are essentially electrical. Energy transduction relies on the circulation of ... More


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