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High-latitude rivers and streams

Diane M. McKnight, Michael N. Gooseff, Warwick F. Vincent, and Bruce J. Peterson

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Flowing-water ecosystems occur in the desert oases around the margins of Antarctica, and are common throughout the Arctic. This chapter describes the limnological properties of Antarctic streams by ... More


Stochastic soil moisture dynamics and vegetation response

Amilcare Porporato and Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes work on a stochastic soil moisture model that has been used to investigate the relationship between the hydrologic and vegetation dynamics ecohydrology in water-controlled ... More


Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Yadvinder Malhi and Oliver Phillips (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Tropical forests represent the world's most biodiverse ecosystems and play a key role in hydrology, carbon storage, and exchange. Many of the human-induced pressures these regions are facing, e.g. ... More


Forest–climate interactions in fragmented tropical landscapes

William F. Laurance

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In the tropics, habitat fragmentation alters forest-climate interactions in diverse ways. On a local scale (<1 km), elevated desiccation and wind disturbance near fragment margins lead to sharply ... More


Urbanization and disease in amphibians

David K. Skelly, Susan R. Bolden, Manja P. Holland, L. Kealoha Freidenburg, Nicole A. Freidenfelds, and Trent R. Malcolm

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Amphibians depend on freshwater wetlands that have greatly been altered by urbanization. Increases in human density can be linked to changes in light and thermal environments, water chemistry, and ... More


The physical environment

D. Dudley Williams

in The Biology of Temporary Waters

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528128
eISBN:
9780191713538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528128.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter first considers the underlying hydrological processes that result in the formation of temporary water bodies. The components of subsurface water are defined, and the origins of pond ... More


The Biology of Freshwater Wetlands

Arnold G. van der Valk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608942
eISBN:
9780191774805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608942.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Global wetlands exhibit significant differences in both hydrology and species composition, and range from moss-dominated arctic peatlands to seasonally flooded tropical floodplains. They are ... More


Wading Right In: Discovering the Nature of Wetlands

Catherine Owen Koning and Sharon M. Ashworth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226554211
eISBN:
9780226554495
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226554495.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Targeted towards a general audience, this book explains the science of wetland ecology through the real-world stories of those who wade into the muck. The book is organized by generalized wetland ... More


The Biology of Peatlands

Hakan Rydin and John K Jeglum

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Peatlands form intriguing landscape elements in large parts of the world and play important roles for biodiversity and for the atmospheric carbon balance. The Biology of Peatlands begins with an ... More


Wetland Geomorphology, Soils, and Formative Processes

Randy K. Kolka and James A. Thompson

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Landscape geomorphology influences how water moves over or through the soil, and thus hillslope hydrology and local hydrologic budgets affect soil properties and determine the formation of wetland ... More


Wetland Hydrology

C. Rhett Jackson

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The commonly used phrase “wetland hydrology” should be considered shorthand for hydrology, as it relates to wetlands. Hillslope hydrology is a subbranch of hydrology devoted to describing and ... More


Introduction

Jürgen H. Breuste

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section introduces the concept of ecology in cities by describing the physical properties of urban areas that ‘set the scene’ for urban ecology. It consists of four chapters that discuss ... More


Summary

Jürgen H. Breuste

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section has provided an overview of the basic physical elements of urban ecosystems: climate, water, and soil. It has discussed the impact of human activities on these elements and how they are ... More


Hydrology of peatlands

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Understanding the hydrology is fundamental for understanding peatland habitats, and this chapter considers both the quantitative and qualitative (chemical) aspects of water in peatlands. It describes ... More


Peatland patterns and landforms

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes and explains the intriguing surface patterns of peatlands, from the landscape-scale features down to the striking microtopographic variation in hummocks and hollows. These ... More


Linking remote sensing with modeling

Ned Horning, Julie A. Robinson, Eleanor J. Sterling, Woody Turner, and Sacha Spector

in Remote Sensing for Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199219940
eISBN:
9780191917417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199219940.003.0022
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Conservation biologists and natural resource managers often require detailed, accurate information on natural resources or biodiversity elements such as ... More


Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Darold Batzer (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Designed as a textbook, this volume is an up-to-date survey in ecology of freshwater and estuarine wetlands. Prominent wetland scholars address the physical environment, geomorphology, ... More


Delta in the Commodity-form

Rohan D’Souza

in Drowned and Dammed: Colonial Capitalism and Flood Control in Eastern India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195682175
eISBN:
9780199082094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195682175.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter provides a discussion on the commodification of the Orissa Delta. The Orissa Delta’s fluvial fury had worsted the colonial bureaucracy and brought much grief. In the aftermath of the ... More


Microbial Contributions to Biodiversity in Deserts

Peter M. Groffman and Moshe Shachak

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The number of species living in the soil may well represent the largest reservoir of biodiversity on earth (Giller 1996, Wardle and Giller 1996, Service ... More


Species Diversity and Ecosystem Processes in Water-Limited Systems

Moshe Shachak and Steward T.A. Pickett

in Biodiversity in Drylands: Toward a Unified Framework

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139853
eISBN:
9780197561720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

There are many relationships between ecosystem properties and species (Jones and Lawton, 1995) with the potential links described by five hypotheses: 1. ... More


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