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High-latitude rivers and streams

Diane M. McKnight, Michael N. Gooseff, Warwick F. Vincent, and Bruce J. Peterson

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Flowing-water ecosystems occur in the desert oases around the margins of Antarctica, and are common throughout the Arctic. This chapter describes the limnological properties of Antarctic streams by ... More


Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Yadvinder Malhi and Oliver Phillips (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Tropical forests represent the world's most biodiverse ecosystems and play a key role in hydrology, carbon storage, and exchange. Many of the human-induced pressures these regions are facing, e.g. ... More


Stochastic soil moisture dynamics and vegetation response

Amilcare Porporato and Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes work on a stochastic soil moisture model that has been used to investigate the relationship between the hydrologic and vegetation dynamics ecohydrology in water-controlled ... More


Forest–climate interactions in fragmented tropical landscapes

William F. Laurance

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In the tropics, habitat fragmentation alters forest-climate interactions in diverse ways. On a local scale (<1 km), elevated desiccation and wind disturbance near fragment margins lead to sharply ... More


Urbanization and disease in amphibians

David K. Skelly, Susan R. Bolden, Manja P. Holland, L. Kealoha Freidenburg, Nicole A. Freidenfelds, and Trent R. Malcolm

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Amphibians depend on freshwater wetlands that have greatly been altered by urbanization. Increases in human density can be linked to changes in light and thermal environments, water chemistry, and ... More


The physical environment

D. Dudley Williams

in The Biology of Temporary Waters

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528128
eISBN:
9780191713538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528128.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter first considers the underlying hydrological processes that result in the formation of temporary water bodies. The components of subsurface water are defined, and the origins of pond ... More


The Biology of Freshwater Wetlands

Arnold G. van der Valk

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608942
eISBN:
9780191774805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608942.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Global wetlands exhibit significant differences in both hydrology and species composition, and range from moss-dominated arctic peatlands to seasonally flooded tropical floodplains. They are ... More


The Biology of Peatlands

Hakan Rydin and John K Jeglum

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Peatlands form intriguing landscape elements in large parts of the world and play important roles for biodiversity and for the atmospheric carbon balance. The Biology of Peatlands begins with an ... More


Wetland Geomorphology, Soils, and Formative Processes

Randy K. Kolka and James A. Thompson

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Landscape geomorphology influences how water moves over or through the soil, and thus hillslope hydrology and local hydrologic budgets affect soil properties and determine the formation of wetland ... More


Wetland Hydrology

C. Rhett Jackson

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The commonly used phrase “wetland hydrology” should be considered shorthand for hydrology, as it relates to wetlands. Hillslope hydrology is a subbranch of hydrology devoted to describing and ... More


Hydrology of peatlands

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Understanding the hydrology is fundamental for understanding peatland habitats, and this chapter considers both the quantitative and qualitative (chemical) aspects of water in peatlands. It describes ... More


Introduction

Jürgen H. Breuste

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section introduces the concept of ecology in cities by describing the physical properties of urban areas that ‘set the scene’ for urban ecology. It consists of four chapters that discuss ... More


Summary

Jürgen H. Breuste

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section has provided an overview of the basic physical elements of urban ecosystems: climate, water, and soil. It has discussed the impact of human activities on these elements and how they are ... More


Peatland patterns and landforms

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes and explains the intriguing surface patterns of peatlands, from the landscape-scale features down to the striking microtopographic variation in hummocks and hollows. These ... More


Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Darold Batzer (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Designed as a textbook, this volume is an up-to-date survey in ecology of freshwater and estuarine wetlands. Prominent wetland scholars address the physical environment, geomorphology, ... More


Freshwater Ecology and Conservation: Approaches and Techniques

Jocelyne Hughes (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198766384
eISBN:
9780191820908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198766384.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This practical manual of freshwater ecology and conservation provides a state-of-the-art review of the methods and techniques used to measure, monitor, and conserve freshwater ecosystems. It offers a ... More


Wetland Plants and Animals

Arnold G. van der Valk

in The Biology of Freshwater Wetlands

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608942
eISBN:
9780191774805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608942.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Wetlands harbor a variety of plants, particularly macrophytes, and animals, including birds, fish, reptiles, and mammals. These wetland plants and animals can adapt to an excess of water and often a ... More


Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands: An Introduction

Darold P. Batzer and Rebecca R. Sharitz

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Wetland ecology incorporates the interactions of biota (plants, animals, microbes) with the unique physical and chemical environment present in wetlands. Wetlands are foremost geologic features, and ... More


Abiotic Constraints for Wetland Plants and Animals

Irving A. Mendelssohn and Darold P. Batzer

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Wetland habitats can be stressful places for plants and animals to live, although most wetland organisms are well adapted to cope with the environmental challenges posed. The two most important ... More


Biogeochemistry and Bacterial Ecology of Hydrologically Dynamic Wetlands

Paul I. Boon

in Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247772
eISBN:
9780520932890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247772.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Many studies fail to acknowledge that wetlands are by nature incredibly dynamic habitats in terms of hydrology, and that episodic wetting and drying has a profound influence on chemical reactions and ... More


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