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Physics of Ice

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Ice is one of the most abundant and environmentally important materials on Earth, and its unique and intriguing physical properties present fascinating areas of study. This book takes as its subject ... More


Basic concepts

Sergry V. Krivovichev

in Structural Crystallography of Inorganic Oxysalts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213207
eISBN:
9780191707117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213207.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter introduces basic concepts in structural chemistry relevant to the description and interpretation of structures of inorganic oxysalts. It starts from the structural classification of ... More


Structural Chemistry of Hydrogen

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Even though hydrogen is the ‘simplest’ atom in the Periodic Table, it has a very rich structural chemistry with eight bonding types. This chapter discusses the nature of the hydrogen bond, ... More


The Structure and Properties of Water

D Eisenberg and W Kauzmann

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570264
eISBN:
9780191715266
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570264.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book has correlated many experimental observations and theoretical discussions from scientific literature on water. Topics covered include the water molecule and forces between water molecules; ... More


SOFT MATTER

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Soft matter is inherently nonlinear stuff, this is partly because of the pre-eminent role played by the hydrogen bond and the hydrophobic interaction in the processes involving soft materials. The ... More


Hydrogen bonded molecular complexes and compounds

Frank H. Herbstein

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds: Structures and Principles

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526605
eISBN:
9780191712142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526605.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Hydrogen bonding, one of the most important secondary interactions between molecules of the same kind, is no less important among the binary adducts, and most of the same principles apply. Among the ... More


ICE

D. Eisenberg and W. Kauzmann

in The Structure and Properties of Water

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570264
eISBN:
9780191715266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570264.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the structure of ordinary ice and what is known of the structures of its polymorphs. It then outlines the thermodynamic, electrical, and spectroscopic properties of ice, and ... More


The derivation of results

Simon Parsons and William Clegg

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter takes the next step beyond the refinement of a crystal structure, to look at the meaning and significance of the results. Various geometrical features can be calculated from atomic ... More


The physical nature and the computer simulation of the intermolecular potential

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Everyday objects display an almost incredible variety of properties that may be felt with animal senses and that human intellect wishes to apprehend, categorise, understand, and — possibly — predict. ... More


Structural Crystallography and Phase Transitions

M. E. LINES and A. M. GLASS

in Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198507789
eISBN:
9780191709944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507789.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses structural crystallography and phase transitions. If all atoms in a crystal were exactly at their official lattice sites and there were no order-disorder ambiguity as to the ... More


Biodegradable nanocomposites from cellulosic plastics and cellulosic fibre

Manju Misra, Ozgur Seydibeyoglu, Dipa Ray, Kunal Das, and Amar Mohanty

in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, and Future Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199581924
eISBN:
9780191728853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581924.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Cellulose is the most abundant polymer in nature and is an excellent biobased, renewable resource for sustainable development. Cellulose can be converted to plastics via certain methods, but the more ... More


Low-Basicity and Low-Polarity Aprotic Solvents

Brian G. Cox

in Acids and Bases: Solvent Effects on Acid-Base Strength

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670512
eISBN:
9780199670512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670512.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Low-basicity and low-polarity aprotic solvents, including importantly acetonitrile and tetrahydrofuran, are poor at solvating both anions and cations. Dissociation constants are consequently very ... More


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