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The Weak Hydrogen Bond: In Structural Chemistry and Biology

Gautam Desiraju and Thomas Steiner

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509707
eISBN:
9780191708206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509707.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The weak hydrogen bond, also known as non-conventional hydrogen bond, has been the subject of intense scrutiny over recent years in several fields, in particular structural chemistry, structural ... More


Hydrogen bonded molecular complexes and compounds

Frank H. Herbstein

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds: Structures and Principles

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526605
eISBN:
9780191712142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526605.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Hydrogen bonding, one of the most important secondary interactions between molecules of the same kind, is no less important among the binary adducts, and most of the same principles apply. Among the ... More


Structural Chemistry of Hydrogen

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Even though hydrogen is the ‘simplest’ atom in the Periodic Table, it has a very rich structural chemistry with eight bonding types. This chapter discusses the nature of the hydrogen bond, ... More


ICE

D. Eisenberg and W. Kauzmann

in The Structure and Properties of Water

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570264
eISBN:
9780191715266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570264.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the structure of ordinary ice and what is known of the structures of its polymorphs. It then outlines the thermodynamic, electrical, and spectroscopic properties of ice, and ... More


Introduction

GAUTAM R. DESIRAJU and THOMAS STEINER

in The Weak Hydrogen Bond: In Structural Chemistry and Biology

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509707
eISBN:
9780191708206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509707.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The hydrogen bond is a unique phenomenon in both structural chemistry and structural biology. Its fundamental importance lies in its role in molecular association. Its functional importance stems ... More


Hydrogen, protons, and hydration in bio-macromolecules

Nobuo Niimura and Alberto Podjarny

in Neutron Protein Crystallography: Hydrogen, Protons, and Hydration in Bio-macromolecules

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199578863
eISBN:
9780191725555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578863.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

In this final part, as many as possible of the results from neutron protein crystallography (NPC) to date are introduced. To organize the results from NPC, an online database called the “Hydrogen and ... More


Hydrogen bonds

I. David Brown

in The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry: The Bond Valence Model

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199298815
eISBN:
9780191708879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298815.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The unusual bond-valence — bond-length correlation observed for H-O bonds suggests that the asymmetry of the hydrogen bond arises from repulsion between the terminal O ions. This repulsion accounts ... More


Hydrogen atoms

Peter Müller

in Crystal Structure Refinement: A Crystallographer's Guide to SHELXL

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780198570769
eISBN:
9780191718809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570769.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Hydrogen atoms are important in chemistry, yet they are difficult to localize in X-ray structures. Electron density is measured by X-ray diffraction, and hydrogen has only one electron, which is not ... More


Clathrate inclusion complexes formed by hosts of lesser versatility

Frank H. Herbstein

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds: Structures and Principles

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526605
eISBN:
9780191712142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526605.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Cavities in frameworks constructed from linked host molecules can be filled by guest molecules of appropriate size and shape, thus forming clathrate inclusion complexes. In general, there are no ... More


Conclusions

GAUTAM R. DESIRAJU and THOMAS STEINER

in The Weak Hydrogen Bond: In Structural Chemistry and Biology

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509707
eISBN:
9780191708206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509707.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The weak hydrogen bond was first identified in 1935, but it was only in the early 1990s that it really permeated into the consciousness of chemists and biologists. It only seems natural that this ... More


Structure and bonding in simple compounds of the Group 17 elements

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter opens with a brief description of the hydrogen, methyl, and chloro derivatives of the monovalent halogens. This is followed by a description of compounds of hypervalent Cl, Br, and I. ... More


The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry: The Bond Valence Model

I. David Brown

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199298815
eISBN:
9780191708879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298815.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The bond valence model, which is derived from the ionic model, is expressed through a number of rules and equations that determines which acid-base bond structures can exist. Chief among these rules ... More


Neutron Protein Crystallography: Hydrogen, Protons, and Hydration in Bio-macromolecules

Nobuo Niimura and Alberto Podjarny

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199578863
eISBN:
9780191725555
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578863.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book on neutron protein crystallography (NPC) begins with a brief review of the physics of neutrons and neutron diffraction, highlighting the differences between neutron and X-ray diffraction ... More


Models for Liquid Water †

D. Eisenberg and W. Kauzmann

in The Structure and Properties of Water

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570264
eISBN:
9780191715266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570264.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses models for water. Topics covered include small aggregate models, mixture and interstitial models, and distorted hydrogen-bond models.


Hydrogen Bonds

I. David Brown

in The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198742951
eISBN:
9780191802935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742951.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The hydrogen atom has unusual but important properties (Sections 5.6–5.7) that are central to much of chemistry. The asymmetry of the hydrogen bond arises from the repulsion between the donor and ... More


Basic concepts

Sergry V. Krivovichev

in Structural Crystallography of Inorganic Oxysalts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213207
eISBN:
9780191707117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213207.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter introduces basic concepts in structural chemistry relevant to the description and interpretation of structures of inorganic oxysalts. It starts from the structural classification of ... More


Ice Ih

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Ice Ih is the normal form of ice obtained by freezing water. This chapter describes its basic physical properties (melting point, density, and vapour pressure), together with ways of preparing single ... More


Physics of Ice

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Ice is one of the most abundant and environmentally important materials on Earth, and its unique and intriguing physical properties present fascinating areas of study. This book takes as its subject ... More


The physical nature and the computer simulation of the intermolecular potential

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Everyday objects display an almost incredible variety of properties that may be felt with animal senses and that human intellect wishes to apprehend, categorise, understand, and — possibly — predict. ... More


The Structure and Properties of Water

D Eisenberg and W Kauzmann

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570264
eISBN:
9780191715266
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570264.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book has correlated many experimental observations and theoretical discussions from scientific literature on water. Topics covered include the water molecule and forces between water molecules; ... More


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