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Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Vladimir Fortov, Igor Iakubov, and Alexey Khrapak

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This book concerns the physics of plasma at high density, which is compressed so strongly that the effects of interparticle interactions, nonideality, govern its behavior. The interest in this ... More


Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Arne Haaland

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book opens with three chapters describing the properties of atoms. The first chapter deals with the application of quantum mechanics to hydrogen and other one-electron atoms; the second with the ... More


Crystal Structure Refinement: A Crystallographer's Guide to SHELXL

Peter Müller, Regine Herbst-Irmer, Anthony L. Spek, Thomas R. Schneider, and Michael R. Sawaya

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780198570769
eISBN:
9780191718809
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570769.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book covers advanced aspects of practical crystal structure refinement, focusing on practical problems in the everyday life of a crystallographer. After an introduction to SHELXL in the first ... More


Materials:: Old Techniques and New Solutions

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Steel — made from iron in basic oxygen furnaces and electric arc furnaces, and turned into semifinished products by continuous casting — remained the dominant material of the 20th century. Completely ... More


Structural Chemistry of Hydrogen

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Even though hydrogen is the ‘simplest’ atom in the Periodic Table, it has a very rich structural chemistry with eight bonding types. This chapter discusses the nature of the hydrogen bond, ... More


The Weak Hydrogen Bond: In Structural Chemistry and Biology

Gautam Desiraju and Thomas Steiner

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509707
eISBN:
9780191708206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509707.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The weak hydrogen bond, also known as non-conventional hydrogen bond, has been the subject of intense scrutiny over recent years in several fields, in particular structural chemistry, structural ... More


Physics of Ice

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Ice is one of the most abundant and environmentally important materials on Earth, and its unique and intriguing physical properties present fascinating areas of study. This book takes as its subject ... More


Basic concepts

Sergry V. Krivovichev

in Structural Crystallography of Inorganic Oxysalts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213207
eISBN:
9780191707117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213207.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter introduces basic concepts in structural chemistry relevant to the description and interpretation of structures of inorganic oxysalts. It starts from the structural classification of ... More


The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry: The Bond Valence Model

I. David Brown

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199298815
eISBN:
9780191708879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298815.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The bond valence model, which is derived from the ionic model, is expressed through a number of rules and equations that determines which acid-base bond structures can exist. Chief among these rules ... More


Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Rolf Hempelmann

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book provides an account of quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) which has made many important contributions to the atomistic elucidation of diffusion processes in solids. The unique feature of ... More


Conclusions

GAUTAM R. DESIRAJU and THOMAS STEINER

in The Weak Hydrogen Bond: In Structural Chemistry and Biology

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509707
eISBN:
9780191708206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509707.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The weak hydrogen bond was first identified in 1935, but it was only in the early 1990s that it really permeated into the consciousness of chemists and biologists. It only seems natural that this ... More


Hydrogen atoms

Peter Müller

in Crystal Structure Refinement: A Crystallographer's Guide to SHELXL

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780198570769
eISBN:
9780191718809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570769.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Hydrogen atoms are important in chemistry, yet they are difficult to localize in X-ray structures. Electron density is measured by X-ray diffraction, and hydrogen has only one electron, which is not ... More


Lewis’ “cubical atom” model. Molecular orbital calculations on the one-electron molecule H 2 + and the two-electron molecule H2

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews G. N. Lewis' seminal paper of 1916 that introduced the concept of the electron-pair bond. The potential energy curves for the two lowest electronic states of the hydrogen ... More


Structure and bonding in simple compounds of the Group 17 elements

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter opens with a brief description of the hydrogen, methyl, and chloro derivatives of the monovalent halogens. This is followed by a description of compounds of hypervalent Cl, Br, and I. ... More


 Physical Chemistry and Economics: 1933–1937

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In response to the Nazi anti-Jewish policies, Polanyi resigned from the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute and moved to the University of Manchester in 1933. Even as he brought his work in reaction kinetics to ... More


Hydrogen in metals

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on special classes of materials. For QENS studies metal/hydrogen systems are particularly suited due to the huge incoherent scattering cross section of H, low concentrated ... More


Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Mak

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This text is an updated English version of a class-tested textbook originally published in Chinese in 2006. Its contents are based on the lecture notes of several courses taught by the authors at The ... More


From Berlin to Geneva, January–June 1954

John W. Young

in Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–1955

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203674
eISBN:
9780191675942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203674.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the Berlin conference, the East-West Trade, and the debate about the H-bomb. It looks at the Berlin conference, which managed to come to its predicted conclusion without ... More


The Fag-End of Power, September 1954–April 1955

John W. Young

in Winston Churchill's Last Campaign: Britain and the Cold War 1951–1955

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203674
eISBN:
9780191675942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203674.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses Churchill's decision to preside over a ‘fag-end administration’, after Eden's refusal to bequeath it. It discusses the fall of Malenkov, the second debate about the hydrogen ... More


NONIDEAL PLASMA. BASIC CONCEPTS

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This introductory chapter discusses different types of interparticle interactions (Coulomb, electron-atom, and ion-atom) and the criteria of nonideality. The classification of states is given and the ... More


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