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Unusual diffraction geometries

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Unusual diffraction geometries may seem a curiosity but may stimulate novel avenues of application. Not least they illustrate a diversity of diffraction‐measuring possibilities. Laue diffraction ... More


PHYSICAL ORIGINS OF SURFACE FORCES

C. Mathew Mate

in Tribology on the Small Scale: A Bottom Up Approach to Friction, Lubrication, and Wear

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526780
eISBN:
9780191712098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526780.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The energies and forces between contacting surfaces originate from the interaction forces between atoms and molecules. This chapter discusses how these atomic level forces lead to various types of ... More


Feeding and hydration problems

Justin Amery

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Food and drink are basic survival needs, but they are also used for pleasure, socializing, habit, comfort, or even boredom. Feeding one's child is also a very powerful maternal and paternal drive. ... More


Lessons in Legal and Judicial Ethics From Schiavo: The Special Responsibilities of Lawyers and Judges in Cases Involving Persons with Severe Cognitive Disabilities

Robert A. Destro

in The Criminal Justice System and Health Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228294
eISBN:
9780191711343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228294.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter provides an analysis of the legal sanctioning of the termination of medical treatment in the US case of Schiavo. The author's role as, inter alia, co-counsel for Mrs Schiavo's parents ... More


Ethical issues in care of the dying

Andrew Throns and Eve Garrad

in Care for the Dying: A Pathway to Excellence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198509332
eISBN:
9780191730177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509332.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the different ethical issues that can be encountered when caring for the dying. It begins with the influence of the Liverpool Care Pathway for the Dying Patient (LCP) in ... More


Special Therapeutic Issues: Hydration, Nutrition, and Antibiotics in End-of-Life Care

James L. Hallenbeck

in Palliative Care Perspectives

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195165784
eISBN:
9780199999897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165784.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses special therapeutic issues in end-of-life care, particularly hydration, nutrition, and antibiotics. Hydration and nutrition are the means of accomplishing the two overt goals ... More


Ethical issues in care of the dying

Thorns Andrew and Eve Garrard

in Care of the Dying: A pathway to excellence

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199550838
eISBN:
9780191730528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550838.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the ethical issues connected to the care of the dying: issues of hydration and nutrition, issues of ventilation, and issues relating to capacity and decision making. It looks ... More


Liquids

I. David Brown

in The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry: The Bond Valence Model

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199298815
eISBN:
9780191708879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298815.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Water displays both cation and anion bonding strengths (through H and O respectively), and so can react with solids of similar bonding strengths, causing them to dissolve. One can predict the ... More


Neutron Protein Crystallography: Hydrogen, Protons, and Hydration in Bio-macromolecules

Nobuo Niimura and Alberto Podjarny

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199578863
eISBN:
9780191725555
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578863.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book on neutron protein crystallography (NPC) begins with a brief review of the physics of neutrons and neutron diffraction, highlighting the differences between neutron and X-ray diffraction ... More


Hydrogen, protons, and hydration in bio-macromolecules

Nobuo Niimura and Alberto Podjarny

in Neutron Protein Crystallography: Hydrogen, Protons, and Hydration in Bio-macromolecules

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199578863
eISBN:
9780191725555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578863.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

In this final part, as many as possible of the results from neutron protein crystallography (NPC) to date are introduced. To organize the results from NPC, an online database called the “Hydrogen and ... More


Intentionally Killing the ‘Permanently Unconscious’

John Finnis

in Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents a critique of the decision of the House of Lords in Bland, upholding the withdrawing of food and water from Bland, with intent to terminate his life, on the ground that because ... More


Frequent Sipping: Assembling the Subject of Hydration

Gay Hawkins, Emily Potter, and Kane Race

in Plastic Water: The Social and Material Life of Bottled Water

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029414
eISBN:
9780262329521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029414.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter argues that making up the thirsty consumer has been an important element in the formation of markets in bottled water. It traces the emergence of the concept of ‘hydration’ from its ... More


Dielectric Relaxation of Water

Udo Kaatze

in Dielectric Relaxation in Biological Systems: Physical Principles, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686513
eISBN:
9780191766398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686513.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Dielectric relaxation of water as well as ionic and non-ionic aqueous solutions is briefly described as a basic principle of the more complex relaxation characteristics in biological systems. ... More


Dielectric Spectroscopy of Hydrated Biomacromolecules

Masahiro Nakanishi and Alexei P. Sokolov

in Dielectric Relaxation in Biological Systems: Physical Principles, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686513
eISBN:
9780191766398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686513.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The chapter presents an overview of dielectric studies of hydrated protein dynamics. The dielectric data are compared to other experimental techniques (e.g. neutron scattering, simulations, and NMR). ... More


Giving Up or Letting Go: Law Hospital NHS Trust v Lord Advocate

Sheila A M McLean

in Scots Law Tales

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781845860677
eISBN:
9781474406260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781845860677.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the Law Hospital NHS Trust case (1996) involving Janet Johnstone, a patient in a permanent vegetative state (PVS). Johnstone received assisted nutrition and hydration (ANH) ... More


The Perfect Cookie Dough

Aki Kamozawa and H. Alexander Talbot

in The Kitchen as Laboratory: Reflections on the Science of Food and Cooking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153454
eISBN:
9780231526920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153454.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter describes the preparation of cookie dough by placing it in a vacuum sealed plastic bag to preserve flavor. The authors whipped up a batch of cookie dough and then sealed half of the ... More


Sports Nutrition

Karen Reznik Dolins and Martica Heaner

in Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199398911
eISBN:
9780199398942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398911.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses sports nutrition for children, including the health benefits of physical activity, the health risks of inactivity, hyperlipidemia, and hypercholesterolemia. Factors to be ... More


Thermodynamics (a reminder)

Giuseppe (Joe) Zaccai

in From Molecules to Living Organisms: An Interplay Between Biology and Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics: Volume 102, July 2014

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198752950
eISBN:
9780191814426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752950.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Biological processes take place in an aqueous environment, and the discovery and characterization of biological macromolecules is tightly interwoven with the development of physical chemistry and ... More


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