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Mechanistic models of associative and rule-based category learning

Bradley C. Love and Marc Tomlinson

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.04
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the relative merits of a variety of category learning models. These include rule-based models, prototype-based models, exemplar-based models, hybrid models, and multiple systems ... More


Democratic Authority and Rule of Law Formation in Afghanistan during and after the Bonn Agreement Period

Richard J. Ponzio

in Democratic Peacebuilding: Aiding Afghanistan and other Fragile States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594955
eISBN:
9780191725562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594955.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The understudied gap in conceptions of authority between Afghans and their foreign counterparts and what it means for international peacebuilding in the Afghan context are considered in Chapter 4. ... More


Getting beyond the serial/parallel debate in visual search: a hybrid approach

Cathleen M. Moore and Jeremy M. Wolfe

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The question of whether visual search involves at least one item-by-item serial processing stage or whether instead it is an entirely parallel process has been debated for decades. Recently, ... More


Make or buy? Principal-agent theory and the regulation of private military companies

James Cockayne

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter looks at the diversity of both the industry and its clients and the resulting variety of potential costs in the case of misconduct. Drawing on insights from principal-agent theory in ... More


China’s Global Hybrid Model for Development under Globalization

Douglas B. Fuller

in Paper Tigers, Hidden Dragons: Firms and the Political Economy of China's Technological Development

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198777205
eISBN:
9780191822995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777205.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

China’s experience in technology-intensive industries suggests a new model of development: the global hybrid model. The global hybrid model relies on hybrid firms combining foreign finance and shared ... More


Frontiers in Health Modeling

Nathaniel Osgood

in Systems Science and Population Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190492397
eISBN:
9780190492427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492397.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

A rapid evolution is taking place in the character of health applications of system science. Much of this change reflects its embedding of such applications within a rapidly changing scientific and ... More


Price and Value Models

Nayan B. Ruparelia

in Cloud Computing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262529099
eISBN:
9780262334129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529099.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

Just as every undertaking has a cost and a benefit associated with it, so does a cloud service. The cost of a cloud service and the price you pay for it are assessed using various pricing schemes, ... More


Computational Simulation Modeling in Population Health Research and Policy

Nathaniel Osgood

in Complex Systems and Population Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190880743
eISBN:
9780190880774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880743.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Dynamic modeling provides a powerful tool for enabling faster learning in a complex and uncertain world. Within this contribution, we briefly survey three prominent dynamic modeling ... More


Introduction: The Japanese-Style Management and Production System in the United States

Tetsuji Kawamura

in Hybrid Factories in the United States: The Japanese-Style Management and Production System under the Global Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780195311969
eISBN:
9780190258528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195311969.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This introductory chapter analyzes the transferability of the Japanese business model into an overseas economy such as the United States. Overseas Japanese firms have continued growing, highlighting ... More


The Digital Transformation of Education

Jack M. Balkin and Julia Sonnevend

in Education and Social Media: Toward a Digital Future

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034470
eISBN:
9780262334853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034470.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines the possibilities of hybrid models in education that combine traditional models of teacher-student interaction with one-to-many and many-to-many digital models. In hybrid models ... More


Patterns of Knowledge Growth and Decline

Frank Keil

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter looks at several themes concerning the link between aging and cognitive development. It considers four topics that have been especially prominent in changing views of cognitive ... More


Hybrid Factories in the United States: The Japanese-Style Management and Production System under the Global Economy

Tetsuji Kawamura (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780195311969
eISBN:
9780190258528
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195311969.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Since the early 1980s, Japanese firms have massively globalized their production operations and have shown superb competitive powers in global markets. This meant, however, they had to establish ... More


Comparing One and Many: Insights From Judgment and Decision-Making for Social Comparison

Eleanor Putnam-Farr and Carey K. Morewedge

in Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190629113
eISBN:
9780190629137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190629113.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Social comparisons are not only ubiquitous and influential but also represent a naturally occurring example of more general evaluative judgment. As such, they can be examined using the general types ... More


The Concentrated and Hybrid Models of Judicial Review

Steven Gow Calabresi

in The History and Growth of Judicial Review, Volume 2: The G-20 Civil Law Countries

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190075736
eISBN:
9780190075767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190075736.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the two models of judicial review that exist in the civil law countries: the Concentrated Model and the Hybrid Model. The Concentrated Model of judicial review is built around ... More


Shifting paradigms

Sue Kenny, Marilyn Taylor, Jenny Onyx, and Marjorie Mayo

in Challenging the third sector: Global prospects for active citizenship

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447316916
eISBN:
9781447316930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447316916.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

The third sector and the nature of active citizenship are both changing rapidly. Indeed the sector may appear ever more confused as it appears to move simultaneously in opposite directions. With the ... More


Why We Need a New Kind of Higher Education

Stephen M. Kosslyn and Ben Nelson

in Building the Intentional University: Minerva and the Future of Higher Education

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262037150
eISBN:
9780262343695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037150.003.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Minerva is a response to problems that beset higher education writ large. We focus in large part on the most significant problem, which centers on the value of higher education. We address this ... More


Sustaining and Growing Social Innovations Using Integrated Development Models: Experiences from the United States, United Kingdom, and Japan

Paul M. Weaver, Michael B. Marks, Carina Skropke, Linda Marie Hogan, and Gabriella Spinelli

in Social Entrepreneurship and Enterprises in Economic and Social Development

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197518298
eISBN:
9780197518328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197518298.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In this chapter on “Sustaining and Growing Social Innovations Using Integrated Development Models,” development models are considered to be integrated when activities that are primarily directed ... More


Network Concepts, Measures, and the Multitheoretical, Multilevel Analytic Framework

Peter R. Monge and Noshir Contractor

in Theories of Communication Networks

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195160369
eISBN:
9780197565636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195160369.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design

This chapter begins with an overview of network analysis concepts and measures. Those readers who are new to the area, or who are familiar with the social theories described in this book but not ... More


The Federative Republic of Brazil

Steven Gow Calabresi

in The History and Growth of Judicial Review, Volume 2: The G-20 Civil Law Countries

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190075736
eISBN:
9780190075767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190075736.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This chapter looks at Brazilian judicial review. Judicial review in Brazil originated because it was borrowed from the U.S. Constitution. It emerged in amplified form in Brazil’s 1988 Constitution ... More


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