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Natural Justice

Ken Binmore

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book attempts to create an evolutionary theory of fairness. Sharing food is commonplace in the animal kingdom because it insures animals that share against hunger. Anthropologists report that ... More


Materials for an Epidemiology of Culture

David Wengrow

in The Origins of Monsters: Image and Cognition in the First Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159041
eISBN:
9781400848867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159041.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter examines composite animals as counterfactual images by focusing on a school of evolutionary psychology called the “epidemiology of culture.” Experimental studies show that the cognitive ... More


The Hidden Shaman: Fictive Anatomy in Paleolithic and Neolithic Art

David Wengrow

in The Origins of Monsters: Image and Cognition in the First Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159041
eISBN:
9781400848867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159041.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter considers the case for a much earlier beginning to the composite's story, among the hunter-gatherers and villagers of remote prehistory. It has been suggested that “imaginary animals,” ... More


The Golden Rule

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter reviews the relevant anthropology, starting with the apparent universality of the golden rule — do as you would be done by — in hunter-gatherer societies. It points out that all pure ... More


The Cognitive Basis of Science

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sketches a modularist account of the human capacity for abduction (or ‘inference to the best explanation’), which Fodor has argued must provide a decisive stumbling block to progress in ... More


Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Alasdair Whittle and Vicki Cummings (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The processes involved in the transformation of society from Mesolithic hunter-gatherers to Neolithic farmers were complex. They involved changes not only in subsistence but also in how people ... More


Introduction: transitions and transformations

Alasdair Whittle and Vicki Cummings

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the significance of the transition from hunter-gatherer existence to farming society. It raises the following question: What if we started ... More


From Mesolithic to Neolithic modes of thought

Alan Barnard

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter begins by outlining two proposed modes of thought, which are characterized by opposite perceptions in at least four domains: saving versus consumption (which reflect notions of time and ... More


Neolithic fragrances: Mesolithic-Neolithic interactions in western France

Grégor Marchand

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter considers the Neolithic transition of western France through the relationships between communities of hunter-gatherers and those of farmers. The intention is not so much to place farming ... More


Changing places: monuments and the Neolithic transition in western France

Chris Scarre

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0013
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The suggestion that monuments were not a feature of the initial Neolithic poses anew the question of the Mesolithic contribution to the earliest Neolithic of Atlantic Europe. Put bluntly, are these ... More


The neolithisation of the Scheldt basin in western Belgium

Philippe Crombé and Bart Vanmontfort

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the neolithization process in two different landscape zones of the Scheldt basin extending over western Belgium: first, the northern coversand lowland bordering the Atlantic ... More


The Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in western Scotland: a review and new evidence from Tiree

Steven Mithen, Anne Pirie, Sam Smith, and Karen Wicks

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0025
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Although both the Mesolithic and Neolithic of western Scotland have been studied since the early 20th century, our knowledge of both periods remains limited, as does our understanding of the ... More


From fish and seal to sheep and cattle: new research into the process of neolithisation in northern Germany

Sönke Hartz, Harald Lübke, and Thomas Terberger

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0027
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The border between the Mesolithic and the Neolithic in Central Europe is traditionally defined on the basis of subsistence strategy. It is the development from hunter-gatherer groups in the forests ... More


The domestication of the earth: humans and environments in pre-industrial times

Ian Simmons

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

The domestication of the earth entails the enfolding of ‘nature’ into human life and society. This chapter focuses on the millennia of the Holocene, when human societies consisted of food collectors ... More


Early human societies and their plants

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter introduces the new understanding from recent climatic and archaeological research of how human societies gradually developed increasingly important associations with edible plants. For ... More


Economic Experiments to Examine Fairness and Cooperation among the Ache Indians of Paraguay

Kim Hill and Michael Gurven

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

It has been suggested that cooperative outcomes may be more ubiquitous in traditional hunter–gatherer societies, which are characterized by economic systems that more closely resemble those in which ... More


Dictators and Ultimatums in an Egalitarian Society of Hunter–Gatherers: The Hadza of Tanzani a

Frank Marlowe

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

It has often been suggested that the foundation for much human cooperation is the widespread food sharing observed among hunter–gatherers. To investigate this proposition, the study reported here ... More


Edible Insects and Human Evolution

Julie J. Lesnik

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056999
eISBN:
9780813053776
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056999.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In Edible Insects and Human Evolution, Julie Lesnik investigates insects in the human diet from an evolutionary perspective. In May of 2013, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization ... More


The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Small Scale Economies

Victor D. Thompson and James C. Waggoner Jr. (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813042428
eISBN:
9780813043074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042428.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The purpose of this book is to engender ideas and discussion regarding broader issues related to historical ecology. The unifying topic of the case studies presented in this volume is that they deal ... More


Us, Relatives: Scaling and Plural Life in a Forager World

Nurit Bird-David

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520293403
eISBN:
9780520966680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293403.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Anthropologists have long looked to animistic forager-cultivator cultures for insights into the spectrum of human lifeways. Yet they have largely failed to appreciate indigenous horizons of concern ... More


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