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Introduction

Nicholas P. Cushner

in Why Have You Come Here?: The Jesuits and the First Evangelization of Native America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195307566
eISBN:
9780199784936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195307569.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The purpose of this book is to explain how Christianity replaced Native American belief systems in 16th-century America. The use of the confessionario was important in Christian evangelization but ... More


The Dawn of Civilization

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter traces the evolution of human civilization from nomadic hunter-gatherer societies to the advent of agriculture and its large-scale impacts on the world. It describes this history in ... More


Are You Better Off Now Than You Were 12,000 Years Ago? An Empirical Assessment of the Hobbesian Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in ... More


Nasty and Brutish? an Empirical Assessment of the Violence Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates two hypotheses often used to support the claim that virtually everyone is better off in state society than they could reasonably expect to be in any stateless ... More


The Coevolution of Institutions and Behaviors

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines how group competition favored the coevolution of the distinctive institutions of the hunter-gatherer society along with a predisposition for altruistic behavior. It first ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Anthropology

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores how Hobbesian ideas affected the development of anthropology and how “the Hobbesian hypotheses” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property ... More


The evolution of deep social mind in humans

Andrew Whiten

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The hunting patterns of several species of felid and canid are important for social reasons and cooperative ones also, of course. What differentiates the human approach compared to the animal ... More


Kings of the Forest: The Cultural Resilience of Himalayan Hunter-Gatherers

Jana Fortier

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833220
eISBN:
9780824870089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833220.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

In today's world hunter-gatherer societies struggle with seemingly insurmountable problems: deforestation and encroachment, language loss, political domination by surrounding communities. Will they ... More


Tools for Learning

Lawrence Barham

in From Hand to Handle: The First Industrial Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199604715
eISBN:
9780191804601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199604715.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the human capacity for learning complex tasks, with particular emphasis on making hafted tools. To reconstruct the evolution of the ability to learn to make hafted tools, the ... More


The Chumash World at European Contact: Power, Trade, and Feasting Among Complex Hunter-Gatherers

Lynn Gamble

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520254411
eISBN:
9780520942684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254411.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

When Spanish explorers and missionaries came onto Southern California's shores in 1769, they encountered the large towns and villages of the Chumash, a people who at that time were among the most ... More


Mississippi's American Indians

James F. Barnett

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032455
eISBN:
9781617032462
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032455.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

At the beginning of the eighteenth century, over twenty different American Indian tribal groups inhabited present-day Mississippi. Today, Mississippi is home to only one tribe, the Mississippi Band ... More


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