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Babylon

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Organic Darwinian evolution is over, having been brought to an end by the vast explosion of technology that enables people to determine which species shall survive and which perish. This includes the ... More


Conclusion?

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Humankind, still adapted to the hunter-gatherer life, has moved with astonishing speed into an utterly different lifestyle, offering numerous advantages but also multiplying dangers: civilization. ... More


Introduction

Nicholas P. Cushner

in Why Have You Come Here?: The Jesuits and the First Evangelization of Native America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195307566
eISBN:
9780199784936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195307569.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The purpose of this book is to explain how Christianity replaced Native American belief systems in 16th-century America. The use of the confessionario was important in Christian evangelization but ... More


Agriculture: a mixed blessing

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Although agriculture acted as a spur to many aspects of social and technological development, increasing reliance on a narrow range of food crops had many downsides that sometimes caused people to ... More


The Coevolution of Institutions and Behaviors

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines how group competition favored the coevolution of the distinctive institutions of the hunter-gatherer society along with a predisposition for altruistic behavior. It first ... More


The Dawn of Civilization

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter traces the evolution of human civilization from nomadic hunter-gatherer societies to the advent of agriculture and its large-scale impacts on the world. It describes this history in ... More


Eden

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

99% of human evolution has gone on while social units were hunter-gatherer bands of about forty adults, the “natural” human milieu: Eden. The low beliefs of all bands will be much the same, and true. ... More


Gathering at Silver Glen: Community and History in Late Archaic Florida

Zackary I. Gilmore

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062716
eISBN:
9780813051680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062716.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This book conveys an eventful history of the Late Archaic hunter-gatherer interactions that unfolded at one of the largest and most elaborate shell mound complexes in the southeastern United States. ... More


Kings of the Forest: The Cultural Resilience of Himalayan Hunter-Gatherers

Jana Fortier

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833220
eISBN:
9780824870089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833220.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

In today's world hunter-gatherer societies struggle with seemingly insurmountable problems: deforestation and encroachment, language loss, political domination by surrounding communities. Will they ... More


“ Once the Child is Lost He Dies ”: Monster Stories vis-a-vis the Problem of Errant Children

Michelle Scalise Sugiyama and Lawrence S. Sugiyama

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Over the past fifteen years, it has been shown that evolutionary theory has much to contribute to the study of literature. This chapter addresses the question of what the study of ... More


The Chumash World at European Contact: Power, Trade, and Feasting Among Complex Hunter-Gatherers

Lynn Gamble

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520254411
eISBN:
9780520942684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254411.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

When Spanish explorers and missionaries came onto Southern California's shores in 1769, they encountered the large towns and villages of the Chumash, a people who at that time were among the most ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Anthropology

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores how Hobbesian ideas affected the development of anthropology and how “the Hobbesian hypotheses” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property ... More


Nasty and Brutish? an Empirical Assessment of the Violence Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates two hypotheses often used to support the claim that virtually everyone is better off in state society than they could reasonably expect to be in any stateless ... More


Are You Better Off Now Than You Were 12,000 Years Ago? An Empirical Assessment of the Hobbesian Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in ... More


The Chumash at a Crossroads: Theoretical Considerations

Lynn H. Gamble

in The Chumash World at European Contact: Power, Trade, and Feasting Among Complex Hunter-Gatherers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520254411
eISBN:
9780520942684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254411.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter introduces the Chumash, a hunter-gatherer group located in the Santa Barbara Channel region. This society was discovered by Father Juan Crespí in 1769. The chapter takes a look at the ... More


Shell Mounds of the Middle St. Johns Basin, Northeast Florida

Kenneth E. Sassaman and Asa R. Randall

in Early New World Monumentality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813038087
eISBN:
9780813043128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813038087.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Shell and earthen mounds of northeast Florida began to take form some 6000 years ago as places of habitation were transformed into entombments for the ancestors and arenas of social action. The onset ... More


The evolution of deep social mind in humans

Andrew Whiten

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The hunting patterns of several species of felid and canid are important for social reasons and cooperative ones also, of course. What differentiates the human approach compared to the animal ... More


Mississippi's American Indians

James F. Barnett

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032455
eISBN:
9781617032462
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032455.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

At the beginning of the eighteenth century, over twenty different American Indian tribal groups inhabited present-day Mississippi. Today, Mississippi is home to only one tribe, the Mississippi Band ... More


Trends in Cooperation and Conflict in Native Eastern North America

David H. Dye

in War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199858996
eISBN:
9780199332687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858996.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

While conflict was entwined, if not entrenched, in indigenous eastern North America, so too was the ability to limit the scope of conflict and to engender alliances, coalitions, and cooperation. This ... More


Northwest Siberia

Peter Jordan

in Technology as Human Social Tradition: Cultural Transmission among Hunter-Gatherers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780520276925
eISBN:
9780520958333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276925.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on microscale evolution in material-culture traditions in Northwest Siberia. It examines how technological traditions are propagated within populations, exploring how individuals ... More


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