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International Bureaucracy and the Debasement of Mercy

Arthur C. Helton

in The Price of Indifference: Refugees and Humanitarian Action in the New Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250318
eISBN:
9780191599477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250316.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Duplication of efforts is endemic in the humanitarian ‘new economy’ that has emerged over the past decade, and gaps are more prevalent than structure in international humanitarian action. Any future ... More


Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Laura Valentini

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

While the lives of millions of people are overshadowed by poverty and destitution, a relatively small subset of the world’s population enjoys an unprecedented level of wealth. No doubt the world’s ... More


Relief and Reconstruction: The Politics of Humanitarian and Development Assistance

Simon Chesterman

in You, The People: The United Nations, Transitional Administration, and State-Building

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199263486
eISBN:
9780191600999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263485.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

If a peace settlement mediated in part through a transitional administration is to work, it is necessary that disparate parties ‘buy into’ the peace process. This, like ‘ownership’, is generally ... More


The Response Imperative: Tensions and Dilemmas of Humanitarian Action and Strategic Peacebuilding

Larissa Fast

in Strategies of Peace

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395914
eISBN:
9780199776801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Inherent in the many conceptualizations of strategic peacebuilding is the concept of coordination among multiple actors and roles. Fast grapples with the complex and wide-ranging idea of ... More


Humanitarian Action and New Complexities in Refugee Protection: The Former Yugoslavia

Arthur C. Helton

in The Price of Indifference: Refugees and Humanitarian Action in the New Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250318
eISBN:
9780191599477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250316.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The delivery of humanitarian assistance in the midst of armed conflict, the creation of putative safe areas, and arrangements for temporary relocation and stays abroad were policy innovations tested ... More


All Aid is Not the Same: The Incentives of Different Types of Aid

Clark C. Gibson

in The Samaritan's Dilemma: The Political Economy of Development Aid

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278855
eISBN:
9780191602863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278857.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Different types of aid can generate different incentives. Aid is commonly interpreted as an incentive to spur policy change in recipient governments. This chapter looks at how the modalities, means, ... More


Introduction: The Problem of Global Justice

Laura Valentini

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter sets out the aim and structure of the book, and the motivation behind it. It discusses the challenges faced by liberal political theory in an era of globalization, particularly focusing ... More


The Roles of Humanitarian Assistance Organizations

Ronald J. Waldman

in War and Public Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311181
eISBN:
9780199865086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311181.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the roles of humanitarian assistance organizations during war and the aftermath of war. It describes specific examples of the ways in which humanitarian assistance ... More


Defending Luck Egalitarianism

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to some influential objections raised by proponents of democratic equality (e.g. Anderson, Scheffler, Freeman) against luck egalitarianism. I argue that these objections are ... More


Humanitarian Dilemmas: The Political Economy of Food

Stephan Haggard and Marcus Noland

in Hard Target: Sanctions, Inducements, and the Case of North Korea

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781503600362
eISBN:
9781503601994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503600362.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers humanitarian dilemmas surrounding aid to North Korea. It provides an overview of the food economy and the recurrence of shortages before turning to the political economy of ... More


Luck Egalitarianism: A Modest Account

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part II of the book addresses the question why equality matters and defends luck egalitarianism against “democratic equality.” Chapter 4 begins by recalling the familiar core ideas of luck ... More


The Middle East: A Mandatory Return to Humanitarian Action

Caroline Abu Sa’Da

in Land of Blue Helmets: The United Nations and the Arab World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520286931
eISBN:
9780520961982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286931.003.0018
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines how the Syrian crisis has exposed the limitations of mixing political and humanitarian activities and its damaging impact on the delivery of much-needed assistance to Syrian ... More


Conclusion: Applied Theory and a Continued Cosmopolitan Enthusiasm

Garrett Wallace Brown

in Grounding Cosmopolitanism: From Kant to the Idea of a Cosmopolitan Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748638819
eISBN:
9780748652822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638819.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter articulates the major themes discussed thus far and relates them to the Kantian model argued throughout the book. It provides a discussion of Kant's cosmopolitan theory in relation to ... More


Where is the line drawn?

Rebecca Sutton

in The Humanitarian Civilian: How the Idea of Distinction Circulates Within and Beyond International Humanitarian Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198863816
eISBN:
9780191896156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863816.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter pursues the ‘civilian plus’, ‘mere civilian’, and ‘civilian minus’ across the three realms, exploring where the line is being drawn within the civilian category. Adopting parallel ... More


A Framework for Reimagining Order and Justice: Transitions in Violence and Interventions in a Global Era

Michaelene Cox

in Rethinking Humanitarian Intervention in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474423816
eISBN:
9781474435314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474423816.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

In considering the conception of interventions since the beginning of the 21st century, Chapter Five: Transitions in Violence and Interventions in a Global Era by Michaelene Cox, contrasts the ... More


A European Perspective on the International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law Relationship in the Context of Multinational Military Operations

Gentian Zyberi and Anna Andersson

in The 'Legal Pluriverse' Surrounding Multinational Military Operations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198842965
eISBN:
9780191878855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842965.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyses from a European perspective the complex relationship between international human rights law (IHRL) and international humanitarian law (IHL) in the context of multinational ... More


Secondary Measures: Prosecution and Amelioration

James Pattison

in The Alternatives to War: From Sanctions to Nonviolence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198755203
eISBN:
9780191816567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755203.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers measures that often aim to tackle mass atrocities and external aggression as a secondary aim. It focuses on three measures: actions by the International Criminal Court (ICC), ... More


Very Good and Getting Better: Reengagement and Reinforcement, September 1986 to February 1988

Gregory F. Domber

in Empowering Revolution: America, Poland, and the End of the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469618517
eISBN:
9781469618531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618517.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter focuses on the bilateral relations between Poland and the United States from September 1986 to February 1988, paying particular attention to efforts to normalize ties through a series of ... More


Huddled Masses: Friday, April 19, 1991—Turkish-Iraqi Border

Andrew Marble

in Boy on the Bridge: The Story of John Shalikashvili's American Success

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813178028
eISBN:
9780813178035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178028.003.0014
Subject:
History, Military History

The chapter is set on April 19, 1991, during Lieutenant General John Shalikashvili’s very first inspection of a mountain refugee camp (Isikveren). The chapter demonstrates the absolute misery of life ... More


Examples of Policy Pandering and Leadership

in Who Leads Whom?: Presidents, Policy, and the Public

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226092805
eISBN:
9780226092492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092492.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the Conditional Pandering Theory through historical narrative. It develops three case studies that concern, respectively, Carter's proposal in early 1980 to reduce humanitarian ... More


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