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Innateness and (Bayesian) Visual Perception: Reconciling Nativism and Development

Brian J. Scholl

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores a way in which visual processing may involve innate constraints and attempts to show how such processing overcomes one enduring challenge to nativism. In particular, many ... More


Seeing humans act

PIERRE JACOB and MARC JEANNEROD

in Ways of Seeing: The scope and limits of visual cognition

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198509219
eISBN:
9780191584909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509219.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines how the human visual system responds to human actions. Section 1 starts with the examination of the human ‘praxic’ system, i.e. a high-level visual pragmatic processing of ... More


Dissociations of visual functions by brain lesions in human patients

PIERRE JACOB and MARC JEANNEROD

in Ways of Seeing: The scope and limits of visual cognition

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198509219
eISBN:
9780191584909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509219.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The task of the dorsal pathway is to determine the spatial layout of objects by processing their respective position in the visual field. According to the system of coordinates in which this ... More


Visuomotor representations

PIERRE JACOB and MARC JEANNEROD

in Ways of Seeing: The scope and limits of visual cognition

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198509219
eISBN:
9780191584909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509219.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers both conceptual reasons and empirical evidence in favour of the dualistic model of the human visual system applied to the vision of objects. It examines the contribution of the ... More


Approaching Color with Bayesian Algorithms

Sarah Allred

in Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199597277
eISBN:
9780191741883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

What is the goal of color vision? How ought we to think of color appearance? Under one view, the goal of vision is to maintain a stable representation of object properties across changes in the ... More


Assessing dimensionality in infant colour vision

Kenneth Knoblauch, Michelle Bieber, and John S. Werner

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Since the human visual system continues to mature and to be influenced by the visual environment over at least the first two years of life, the practical benefit of studies of infant vision will be ... More


Scientific Perspectivism

Ronald N. Giere

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226292120
eISBN:
9780226292144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226292144.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Many people assume that the claims of scientists are objective truths. But historians, sociologists, and philosophers of science have long argued that scientific claims reflect the particular ... More


Phycomyces, the Fungus That Sees

Pete A. Ensminger

in Life Under the Sun

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter introduces the human visual system and its physiological adaptation to ambient light ranges. This chapter also describes research studies, particularly by Edward Castle and Max Delbrück, ... More


Application of Benfordʼs Law to Images

Fernando Pérez-González, Tu-Thach Quach, Chaouki T. Abdallah, Gregory L. Heileman, and Steven J. Miller

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0019
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter analyzes the application of Benford's law to pictures taken from nature with a digital camera. Considering that many natural phenomena seem to follow Benford's law and that images are ... More


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