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Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Julian C. Knight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This book describes the remarkable progress which has been made in defining the extent and nature of human genetic variation, and its many consequences for us as individuals and in understanding ... More


Who Let the Dogs in?: The Domestication of Animals and Plants

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the timing of and evolutionary forces involved in our domestication of animals and plants. How many and which genes were involved? How long ago did these changes occur? Can we ... More


Concluding remarks and future directions

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This final chapter seeks to provide a brief overview of some of the important insights that have been established from work investigating human genetic diversity. The remarkable range of human ... More


Human genetic variation of medical significance

Kenneth K. Kidd and Judith R. Kidd

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews evidence on medically significant genetic variation in humans. Extensive amounts of normal genetic variation occur in humans, and every independently conceived individual is ... More


Evolution in Health and Disease

Stephen C. Stearns and Jacob C. Koella (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

It is now increasingly acknowledged that an evolutionary perspective can give us important new insights into issues central to medical research and practice. This fully revised and updated edition, ... More


Culture, Genocide, and a Public Anthropology

John R. Bowen

in Annihilating Difference: The Anthropology of Genocide

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520230286
eISBN:
9780520927575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230286.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter studies the connection between genocide and modernity. It stresses that the anthropologists who explain human variation must be careful about the way they characterize difference, since ... More


A Short History of the Race Concept

Michael Yudell

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter describes the role played by scientific thought, from the late eighteenth century through to the twentieth century, in developing a language to measure the meaning of human difference in ... More


Epigenetics and twin studies: A review and applications in human aggressive behavior

Jenny van Dongen and Dorret I Boomsma

in Genes, brain, and emotions: Interdisciplinary and Translational Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198793014
eISBN:
9780191834745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793014.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Throughout life, human traits are characterized by variability: they show variation between people and within persons over a time period. Such variation between and within persons can be related to ... More


Subnormal Nation: The Making of a U.S. Disability Minority

in Cultural Locations of Disability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226767314
eISBN:
9780226767307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226767307.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter explores how a tragic turn at the end of the nineteenth century led to the ascendancy of eugenics. Eugenicists effectively surrendered claims to medical objectivity in order to make ... More


Cultural Locations of Disability

Sharon L. Snyder and David T. Mitchell

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226767314
eISBN:
9780226767307
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226767307.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This book traces how disabled people came to be viewed as biologically deviant. The eugenics era pioneered techniques that managed “defectives” through the application of therapies, invasive case ... More


Academic Regionalism and the Study of Human Genetic Variation in a Transnational Context: Asianism and the Racialization of Ethnicity

Shirley Sun

in Reconsidering Race: Social Science Perspectives on Racial Categories in the Age of Genomics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190465285
eISBN:
9780190465315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465285.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses academic regionalism and racialization of ethnicity in Asia. Geneticists from China, Japan, and South Korea were interviewed about Asianism and the racialization of ethnicity. ... More


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