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The Practice of Value

Joseph Raz

R. Jay Wallace (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278466
eISBN:
9780191699986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278466.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, which honor the American scholar, industrialist, and philanthropist Obert Clark Tanner, are presented annually at each of nine universities in the United States ... More


Poverty and Human Development

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Each of the four chapters of Part I of the book synthesizes one aspect that must be specified in the operationalization of the capability approach, then proposes a framework for doing so. The issue ... More


Being FAIR: Another Key Anglo Value and Its Cultural Underpinnings

Anna Wierzbicka

in English: Meaning and Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Fairness is one of the most important values in modern Anglo culture and native speakers of English, including scholars, often assume that “fairness” is a universal human concept. This chapter shows ... More


A Universal Culture of Human Rights and Freedom's Habits: Caritapolis

Michael Novak

in Making Globalization Good: The Moral Challenges of Global Capitalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257010
eISBN:
9780191596223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257019.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Michael Novak addresses some broad issues relating to culture, basic human values, and globalization, and how these affect both individuals and institutions as societies are transforming themselves ... More


An Ethical Framework for the Global Market Economy

Hans Küng

in Making Globalization Good: The Moral Challenges of Global Capitalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257010
eISBN:
9780191596223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257019.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

In this chapter, the theologian Hans Küng looks at the various attempts to formulate an acceptable cross‐cultural (multicultural) global ethic, which might be used both as an end in itself, and a ... More


Metal Homeostasis during Development, Maturation, and Aging: Impact on Infectious Diseases

Inga Wessels

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides a summary of the functions of essential metallic elements in human metabolism and during infectious diseases as well as their homeostasis during development, maturation, and ... More


Human Dignity: The Constitutional Value and the Constitutional Right

Aharon Barak

in Understanding Human Dignity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265642
eISBN:
9780191760389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265642.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter draws the basic distinction between human dignity as a constitutional value and human dignity as a constitutional right. It describes the role and meaning of human dignity as an express ... More


Introduction

R. JAY WALLACE

in The Practice of Value

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278466
eISBN:
9780191699986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278466.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The theory on how people evaluate valuable things in life as it is influenced by social conditions is explained in this book, which presents a revised text from the Tanner Lectures on Human Values ... More


Moral Philosophy and Mental Representation

Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is organized as follows. Sections I and II sketch two of the projects frequently pursued by moral philosophers, and the methods typically invoked in those projects. It is argued that ... More


Conclusion

Debbie Pinfold

in The Child’s View of the Third Reich in German Literature: The Eye Among the Blind

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199245659
eISBN:
9780191697487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245659.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter considers the extent in which the German preoccupation with the child is embedded in the deeper artistic and moral concerns of post-war German literature. The interest in the childlike ... More


Law and Informal Practices: The Post-Communist Experience

Denis J. Galligan and Marina Kurkchiyan (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199259366
eISBN:
9780191698606
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259366.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This book is a work in socio-legal studies, examining the functions and effectiveness of law in the countries of the former Soviet Union. As the transition away from communism enters its second ... More


When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Richard Foley

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A woman glances at a broken clock and comes to believe it is a quarter past seven. Yet, despite the broken clock, it really does happen to be a quarter past seven. Her belief is true, but it isn't ... More


Overcoming Ecological Limits: Roles of Knowledge, Human Capital, Human Values, and Institutions

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In the light of discussions of the preceding chapters of the book this concluding chapter addresses the question if sustainable development is considered possible as per the holistic approach which ... More


Sacred Humanity as Stubborn, Irreducible Materiality

Carol Wayne White

in Black Lives and Sacred Humanity: Toward an African American Religious Naturalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823269815
eISBN:
9780823269853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823269815.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter two continues establishing the theoretical framework for the conception of sacred humanity. It introduce scientific theories advanced by the tenets of religious naturalism that help to ... More


Whaling, Law, and Culture

MICHAEL K. ORBACH

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the broad-brush history of human value-based governance with respect to whales and whaling. The human history of relationships with whales is long. This chapter focuses on the ... More


Competing Discourses on Value and Quality of Human Life

Smitha Nizar

in The Contradiction in Disability Law: Selective Abortions and Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199466658
eISBN:
9780199087174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466658.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The theological, ethical, and legal philosophies that value the inherent worth of human life and contradict selection and elimination of human beings have been studied in this chapter. The legal ... More


Introduction

Lawrence Kramer

in Musical Meaning and Human Values

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230099
eISBN:
9780823235445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230099.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter provides a brief introduction of the title phrase “musical meaning and human values”. This phrase appears simple, but in reality it is a mystery. There are many interpretations of this ... More


The Philosopher—Nick Bostrom on the Morality of Enhancement

Nicholas Agar

in Humanity's End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014625
eISBN:
9780262289122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014625.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The main critical focus in this chapter will be Bostrom’s claim that human values are tacitly posthuman. Bostrom defends radical enhancement from two perspectives. First, he claims that many ... More


Moral Value

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

in God and Cosmos: Moral Truth and Human Meaning

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199931194
eISBN:
9780190464165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931194.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter’s focus is on the locus of human value most particularly. It examines several secular efforts to undergird convictions about intrinsic human value and moral standing, showing why, in ... More


Values and behavior

Gabriela M. Jiga-Boy, Gregory R. Maio, Geoffrey Haddock, and Katy Tapper

in Handbook of Value: Perspectives from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198716600
eISBN:
9780191807572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716600.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Both research and everyday beliefs index the expectation that the values we believe in should align with our behavior. Conversely, when that is not the case, there is the temptation to conclude that ... More


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