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Human Trafficking and Smuggling

Susan Martin and Amber Callaway

in Global Migration Governance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199600458
eISBN:
9780191723544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600458.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Human trafficking is the third largest and fastest growing criminal industry in the world. It affects millions of people around the globe and reaps billions in profits. Trafficking is generally ... More


The culture of violence: Child Soldiers, Slavery, and the Trafficking of Children

Susan Tiefenbrun

in Decoding International Law: Semiotics and the Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195385779
eISBN:
9780199776061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385779.003.010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the development of a culture of violence in many parts of the world, especially Africa, which has given rise to genocide, mass violence, and child soldiering. Child soldiering ... More


Gendercide and the cultural context of sex trafficking in china

Susan Tiefenbrun

in Decoding International Law: Semiotics and the Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195385779
eISBN:
9780199776061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385779.003.009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter shows how failures in China's One-Child Policy, the inadequate enforcement of Chinese laws protecting women, and the longstanding cultural preference for males have led to discrimination ... More


The Fight against Trafficking in Persons and Victims' Protection in the Council of Europe

Silvia Scarpa

in Trafficking in Human Beings: Modern Slavery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199541904
eISBN:
9780191715464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541904.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter reviews the action of the Council of Europe in the field of trafficking in persons. The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR) adopted by ... More


The European Union and Trafficking in Persons: From Traffickers' Prosecution to Victims' Protection?

Silvia Scarpa

in Trafficking in Human Beings: Modern Slavery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199541904
eISBN:
9780191715464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541904.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses the role played by the European Union in the fight against trafficking in persons; the two legislative acts specifically dealing with this phenomenon — the Council Framework ... More


Global Migration Governance

Alexander Betts (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199600458
eISBN:
9780191723544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600458.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Unlike many other trans-boundary policy areas, international migration lacks coherent global governance. There is no UN migration organization and states have signed relatively few multilateral ... More


Other Dreams of Freedom: Religion, Sex, and Human Trafficking

Yvonne C. Zimmerman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199942190
eISBN:
9780199980765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199942190.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Focusing on the public face of the federal government's anti–human trafficking project during the presidential administration of George W. Bush, this book explores how the religious values of ... More


Transnational Crime

Patrick Stewart

in Weak Links: Fragile States, Global Threats, and International Security

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751501
eISBN:
9780199895366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751501.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Fragile states are said to threaten international security by providing hospitable environments for transnational crime. “Failing states are inextricably linked to the increasing power of ... More


The Use of Indicators to Measure Government Responses to Human Trafficking

Anne T. Gallagher and Janie Chuang

in Governance by Indicators: Global Power through Quantification and Rankings

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199658244
eISBN:
9780199949915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658244.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores the main efforts to produce compliance-focused indicators that can help improve international treaties against human trafficking. It shows that the power held by the US State ... More


Understanding Global Slavery: A Reader

Kevin Bales

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245068
eISBN:
9780520932074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245068.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Although slavery is illegal throughout the world, it has previously been noted by the author of this book that more than twenty-seven million people—in countries from Pakistan to Thailand to the ... More


Trafficked persons

David Weissbrodt

in The Human Rights of Non-citizens

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199547821
eISBN:
9780191720086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547821.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter focuses on trafficking, which involves the transportation of human beings for illicit purposes, such as sexual exploitation, child labour, forced labour, sweatshop labour, and other ... More


Governing Guns, Preventing Plunder: International Cooperation against Illicit Trade

Asif Efrat

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199760305
eISBN:
9780199950010
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199760305.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

From human trafficking to smuggling small arms to looting antiquities, illicit trade poses significant threats to international order. So why is it difficult to establish international cooperation ... More


Human Trafficking: A Worldwide Concern

Kevin Bales

in Understanding Global Slavery: A Reader

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245068
eISBN:
9780520932074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245068.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter begins with an explanation of the meaning of human trafficking. It then considers the issue of whether the victim consented to being smuggled or trafficked in developing a response to ... More


Global Efforts against the Trafficking of Humans

Anja P. Jakobi

in Common Goods and Evils?: The Formation of Global Crime Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199674602
eISBN:
9780191752452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674602.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes the international activities against human trafficking. In this case, different moral claims relevant to trafficking have had a global impact, ultimately resulting in a weak ... More


Armed Love: Against Modern Slavery, Against Immigrants

Ticktin Miriam

in Casualties of Care: Immigration and the Politics of Humanitarianism in France

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520269040
eISBN:
9780520950535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520269040.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the struggle around human trafficking and a subset of this—modern slavery—which it argues, take place in many of the same moralizing terms, through similar institutions and ... More


Targeting the Right Issue: Trafficked Children and the Human Rights Imperative

Jacqueline Bhabha

in Child Migration and Human Rights in a Global Age

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169101
eISBN:
9781400850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169101.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the flourishing industry in transnational child trafficking leading to different forms of exploitative child labor in peacetime, along with its human rights implications. It ... More


Evaluating the Political Effects of Anti-slavery and Anti-trafficking Activism

Joel Quirk

in Researching Forced Labour in the Global Economy: Methodological Challenges and Advances

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266472
eISBN:
9780191884214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266472.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This Chapter considers ‘what happens next’ once information has been collected. This in turn means focusing upon political activism. Drawing upon ideas and insights from existing works on social ... More


The Human Trafficking Laws

Lauren A. McCarthy

in Trafficking Justice: How Russian Police Enforce New Laws, from Crime to Courtroom

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453892
eISBN:
9781501701375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453892.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter explains how the absence of a trafficking law impeded Russian law enforcement in two ways. First, law enforcement had no way to assess or show the government the size and scope of the ... More


The Identification of Human Trafficking Cases

Lauren A. McCarthy

in Trafficking Justice: How Russian Police Enforce New Laws, from Crime to Courtroom

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453892
eISBN:
9781501701375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453892.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter focuses on finding and identifying cases of human trafficking. Most trafficking cases are discovered by law enforcement through a report from the victims themselves or their friends and ... More


Securitizing Sex, Bodies, and Borders: The Resonance of Human Security Frames in Thailand’s “War against Human Trafficking”

Edith Kinney

in Gender, Violence, and Human Security: Critical Feminist Perspectives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814770207
eISBN:
9780814770139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814770207.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines the implications of “securitizing” social problems like trafficking in the Thai context. Activists sometimes end up unintentionally promoting questionable security frames by ... More


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