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The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book is intended to be read at any stage in the dissertation process, but will be particularly useful in the early stages of preparation for a social work dissertation, and as a reference ... More


The Protection of Human Subjects in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the history of human experimentation, with special attention to cases that have helped to shape ethical guidelines and policies. It discusses important codes, such as the ... More


INFORMED CONSENT AND RISK: The Intersection of Human Research and Genetics

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 5 presents an overview of ethical challenges to human research, especially the paradoxical relationship between research risks (mostly to the subject) and benefits (mostly to society and ... More


Describing Ourselves: Wittgenstein and Autobiographical Consciousness

Garry Hagberg

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234226
eISBN:
9780191715440
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234226.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

The voluminous writings of Ludwig Wittgenstein contain some of the most profound reflections of our time on the nature of the human subject and self-understanding — the human condition, ... More


Protecting Human Subjects in Research

David B. Resnik

in Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses some problems with the current U.S. system for protecting human research subjects. These problems indicate that in some ways the regulations provide too much oversight, in ... More


Responsible Conduct of Research

Adil E Shamoo and David B Resnik

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Recent scandals and controversies—such as the falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism of data in federally funded science; the manipulation and distortion of research sponsored by private ... More


International Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides an overview of ethical, social, and policy issues related to international research with human subjects, with a special emphasis on research in the developing world. The chapter ... More


Islamic Bioethics — Recent Developments

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The last chapter takes up recent advancements in medicine and biotechnology that have entailed forms of experimentation in which humans—especially the most vulnerable humans (infants, pregnant women, ... More


Execution of Population-Based Survey Experiments

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter aims to eliminate the need for others to learn by trial and error. The practical issues addressed here range from the process of explaining a population-based experiment to the ... More


Human Subjects

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The evidence presented up to this point that the expectancy of the experimenter may in part determine the results of his research has been at least somewhat equivocal. Some of the evidence has been ... More


Subject Set

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses various subject sets as they complicate the effects of the experimenter's expectancy. The experiments described have served in part to extend the generality of the effects of ... More


Ethics and Research Methodology

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

in The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes ethical issues in social research including discussion of the NASW Code of Ethics, Institutional Review Board (IRB) processes, and requirements for the protection of human ... More


Protecting Human Subjects

Ann Nichols-Casebolt

in Research Integrity and Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195378108
eISBN:
9780199932634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378108.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The protection of human subjects in research, the regulations that govern the use of human subjects, and the role of the IRB in carrying out those regulations have been the subject of much discussion ... More


Historical Foundations

Steven S. Coughlin

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the history of the rise of ethical concerns in the public health movement and epidemiology, which is the study of the distribution and determinants of disease in human ... More


Regulation and Funding of Research

Robert I. Field

in Health Care Regulation in America: Complexity, Confrontation, and Compromise

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195159684
eISBN:
9780199864423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the government's role in regulating and funding research. It traces the growth of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) into the largest single source of biomedical research ... More


Perspective: Artifact and Control

Edwin G. Boring

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the concept of artifact in the context of J. S. Mill's logic of causal inquiry and four conventional uses of the term control in experimental research with human subjects.


Cultural Sensitivity and Cultural Disparities: Ethical Dilemmas, Legal Issues, and IRB Requirements

Arlene Rubin Stiffman

in The Field Research Survival Guide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325522
eISBN:
9780199893850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325522.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter discusses the tension between human subject considerations, basic ethics, cultural approaches to the research process, and researchers' need for objective data. It outlines potential ... More


The Anxiety of Theory: Hölderlin’s Poetology as Skeptical Syndrome

Hannah Vandegrift Eldridge

in Lyric Orientations: Hölderlin, Rilke, and the Poetics of Community

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456954
eISBN:
9781501701061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456954.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter juxtaposes Friedrich Hölderlin's use of poetic language with his view in philosophical skepticism. Hölderlin used poetry to mediate between the antinomies of mind and world, as well as ... More


Guinea Pigs

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter addresses the use of radioisotopes in medical research, where the use of human subjects raised new ethical problems. It features examples from physiology and endocrinology, where ... More


Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

I. Glenn Cohen and Holly Fernandez Lynch (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The current framework for the regulation of human subjects research emerged largely in reaction to the horrors of Nazi human experimentation, revealed at the Nuremburg trials, and the Tuskegee ... More


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