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Human Settlement and Urbanization

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on human settlement and urbanization. Topics discussed include the nature and requirements of human settlements, housing and health, factors causing increased urbanization, rural ... More


The Historical Ecology of Walrus Exploitation in the North Pacific

Erica Hill

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the historical ecology of the Pacific walrus considering the association between human settlements and walrus migration routes along the North Pacific Coast on both sides of the ... More


Regions and Frontiers

Tom Scott

in Regional Identity and Economic Change: The Upper Rhine 1450-1600

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206446
eISBN:
9780191677120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206446.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines the configuration of the southern Upper Rhine to find out whether mountain ranges or the river itself acted as barriers or clasps, frontiers or crossing-points. Modern political ... More


Building Castles in the Sky

W. Patrick McCray

in The Visioneers: How a Group of Elite Scientists Pursued Space Colonies, Nanotechnologies, and a Limitless Future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176291
eISBN:
9781400844685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176291.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the mid-1970s, Gerard O'Neill's ideas and designs for human settlements in space began to secure a beachhead in American popular culture. This chapter shows how he extended the ... More


The History of Urban Ecology: An Ecologist’s Perspective

Mark J. McDonnell

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Urban ecology emerged as a sub-discipline of ecology in the early 1970s due, in part, to the fact that human impacts on the planet were becoming well documented and the growing size of human ... More


Paleoindian Settlement in the Southeastern United States: The Role of Large Databases

James S. Dunbar

in New Directions in the Search for the First Floridians

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781683400738
eISBN:
9781683400875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400738.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The authors cite two large research open-access databases developed in recent years, popularly known by their acronyms PIDBA (Paleoindian Database of the Americas) and DINAA (Digital Index of North ... More


Mirror Lake: Past, Present, and Future

Gene E. Likens and James W. Labaugh

in Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land, and Water

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261198
eISBN:
9780520944497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261198.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the hydrological and biogeochemical characteristics of Mirror Lake and the changes that resulted from air-land-water interactions and human activities. Since the formation of ... More


Vanished Islands and Hidden Continents of the Pacific

Patrick D. Nunn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832193
eISBN:
9780824870188
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832193.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

Islands—as well as entire continents—are reputed to have disappeared in many parts of the world. Yet there is little information on this subject concerning its largest ocean, the Pacific. Over the ... More


The Peaceful Settlement of Disputes

Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser and Ban Ki-Moon

Shara Kay (ed.)

in A Year at the Helm of the United Nations General Assembly: A Vision for our Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479862009
eISBN:
9781479841851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479862009.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the mediation efforts of United Nations. Among them are the 1988 ceasefire that ended hostilities in the Iran–Iraq War, the 1988 agreement leading to the withdrawal of Soviet ... More


Introduction

Stephen Constantine

in Community and Identity: The Making of Modern Gibraltar Since 1704

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076350
eISBN:
9781781702048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076350.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Gibraltar has a very long history. There is archaeological evidence of human settlement on the peninsula stretching back several thousand years. This book focuses on the policing of entry and the ... More


Improving the Scottish Climate

Fredrik Albritton Jonsson

in Enlightenment's Frontier: The Scottish Highlands and the Origins of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162547
eISBN:
9780300163742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162547.003.0004
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter begins with the story of a dry, sulfurous fog that enveloped Europe in the summer of 1783. The fog was bitter to the taste, stung the eyes, and degraded plants with an acidic bite. The ... More


Palatine

Filippo Coarelli

in Rome and Environs: An Archaeological Guide

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520079601
eISBN:
9780520935099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520079601.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter describes the Palatine as the hill best suited for human settlement, and as one which lies at the heart of the system of hills that in time became the city of Rome. It notes that the ... More


In defence of the public city

Martin Coward

Rowland Atkinson, Lisa Mckenzie, and Simon Winlow (eds)

in Building Better Societies: Promoting Social Justice in a World Falling Apart

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447332022
eISBN:
9781447332060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447332022.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the predominant locus of human settlement and organisation — the city. In the 2006 UN Habitat, the United Nations' urban programme announced that the majority of the world's ... More


The Memory of Date Palm Green

Gareth Doherty

in Paradoxes of Green: Landscapes of a City-State

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520285019
eISBN:
9780520960626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285019.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the memory, history, color, and the “urbanism” of the green of the Bahraini date palm. The date palm is the most iconic Bahraini vegetation and one of the main sources of ... More


The Place in the Middle: A Geohistory of the Red Sea

Alexis Wick

in Red Sea: In Search of Lost Space

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285910
eISBN:
9780520961265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285910.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter presents a geohistory of the Red Sea in order to articulate its basic setting in the long term, as it has come to be imagined today. It first considers the origin of the name “Red” and ... More


The Historical Neighborhood and Its Decline

Emily Talen

in Neighborhood

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190907495
eISBN:
9780190907525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907495.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Cultural History

This chapter reviews what is known about how neighborhoods were laid out and experienced, before the city was fundamentally restructured by technological and social changes emerging out of the 19th ... More


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