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Managing Brains, Minds, and Selves

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This concluding chapter suggests that for the human sciences, there is nothing to fear in the rise to prominence of neurobiological attempt to understand and account for human behavior. It is ... More


Humanism from Vico to Dilthey

Jens Zimmermann

in Humanism and Religion: A Call for the Renewal of Western Culture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697755
eISBN:
9780191738159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697755.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter continues the narrative of humanism with Giambattista Vico, who continues in, but also modifies, the Platonic tradition of patristic and Renaissance humanism, and whose writings laid the ... More


The Language of Human Nature

Roger Smith

in Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth-Century Domains

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520200104
eISBN:
9780520916227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200104.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This chapter starts by rejecting a “pillarized” approach to the human sciences in the eighteenth century, an approach that excavates foundations for each of the modern psychological or social ... More


Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth-Century Domains

Christopher Fox, Roy Porter, and Robert Wokler (eds)

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520200104
eISBN:
9780520916227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200104.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

The human sciences—including psychology, anthropology, and social theory—are widely held to have been born during the eighteenth century. This study of the Enlightenment sciences of humans explores ... More


Medical Science and Human Science in the Enlightenment

Roy Porter

in Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth-Century Domains

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520200104
eISBN:
9780520916227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200104.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This chapter is divided into two halves, tackling two questions: How far, and in what ways, did eighteenth-century medicine seek to become “scientific”? And, how was eighteenth-century medicine ... More


Sex and Gender

Ludmilla Jordanova

in Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth-Century Domains

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520200104
eISBN:
9780520916227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200104.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This chapter makes clear the range of discussion and the difficulties facing any attempt to generalize about eighteenth-century opinions. Silently gendered language did not exclude fascination with ... More


Mill's Rule Utilitarianism in Context

Rex Martin

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The notion of rule utilitarianism has been discussed under two main headings: ideal-rules utilitarianism and “indirect” utilitarianism. The chapter sketches out each perspective along three different ... More


On Assemblages and Machines

Adam T. Smith

in The Political Machine: Assembling Sovereignty in the Bronze Age Caucasus

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163239
eISBN:
9781400866502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163239.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines modernity's effort to banish objects from the production of social life alongside a series of counterprojects that have consistently smuggled things back into our thinking. The ... More


Anthropology and Conjectural History in the Enlightenment

Robert Wokler

in Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth-Century Domains

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520200104
eISBN:
9780520916227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200104.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Within the overarching framework of eighteenth-century anthropological studies, this chapter focuses on the physical and moral dimensions of human nature, of which the successive transformations of ... More


Political Economy: The Desire and Needs of Present and Future Generations

Sylvana Tomaselli

in Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth-Century Domains

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520200104
eISBN:
9780520916227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200104.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

We are rich in knowledge of the history of political economy. However, this chapter asks: Have we the history of an invention? Have we the history of two inventions, of two epistemic watersheds? The ... More


The World the Game theorists Made

Paul Erickson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is about the history of game theory – roughly speaking, a mathematical theory of interaction between rational individuals – during the Cold War era. While game theory today is most commonly ... More


The Natural Workings of the Human Mind

DAVID MILLER

in Philosophy and Ideology in Hume's Political Thought

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246589
eISBN:
9780191681028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246589.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Hume's account of the natural workings of the human mind. Hume's professed intention in both the Treatise and the first Enquiry was to place the study of the human mind on a ... More


Psychoanalysis in Brazil during Vargas’ Time

C. Lucia and M. Valladares de Oliveira

in Psychoanalysis and Politics: Histories of Psychoanalysis under Conditions of Restricted Political Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199744664
eISBN:
9780199932863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744664.003.0021
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

C. Lucia M. Valladares de Oliveira’s chapter focuses on psychoanalytic practices in Brazil under the dictatorship of Vargas between 1930 and 1945. The author identifies three key areas in which ... More


The Conclusion of Book 1

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387391
eISBN:
9780199866489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387391.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter stresses the seriousness of the radical skeptical doubts Hume expresses at the close of book 1 of the Treatise. Looking back at what started out as a voyage of discovery, Hume is ... More


The Strange Late Birth of the British Academy

Richard Drayton

in The Organisation of Knowledge in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263266
eISBN:
9780191734854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263266.003.0018
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The British Academy was founded in 1902. In November 1899, the Council of the Royal Society sent a letter to prominent scholars suggesting the formation of some body to represent Britain in ... More


Ibn Khaldun and the Science of Society

Syed Farid Alatas

in Ibn Khaldun

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198090458
eISBN:
9780199082636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090458.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 2 focuses on Ibn Khaldun’s ‘new science’. His approach was a positive rather than a normative one – the study of state and society as they are rather than as they should be. In this sense, he ... More


Psychology in the Age of Enlightenment

Fernando Vidal

in The Sciences of the Soul: The Early Modern Origins of Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226855868
eISBN:
9780226855882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226855882.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the history of psychology during the Age of Enlightenment. It analyzes the essential bond between psychology and anthropology and the human sciences and describes the forms ... More


Method and Conversion in Catholic Studies

JAMES T. FISHER and MARGARET M. MCGUINNESS

in The Catholic Studies Reader

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823234103
eISBN:
9780823240906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234103.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Can one be a Catholic and nonetheless do exigent historical and scientific work on Catholicism? More broadly, can one be religious and still do scientific work in the field of religious studies? Does ... More


The Search for a Foundation of the Human Sciences and the Social Sciences in Neo-Kantianism and Dilthey, and Husserl’s Exploration of Consciousness

Vittorio Hösle

in A Short History of German Philosophy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167190
eISBN:
9781400883042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167190.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of Neo-Kantianism. It then covers the works of Wilhelm Windelband (1848–1915) and Heinrich Rickert (1863–1936), the most important representatives of the second ... More


Rousseau, the Age of Enlightenment, and Their Legacies

Robert Wokler

Bryan Garsten (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147888
eISBN:
9781400842407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147888.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The author of this book was one of the world's leading experts on Rousseau and the Enlightenment, but some of his best work was published in the form of widely scattered and difficult-to-find essays. ... More


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