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Introduction

Maxine Molyneux and Shahra Razavi

in Gender Justice, Development, and Rights

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199256457
eISBN:
9780191601989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256454.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter opens with a discussion on the gains made the international human rights movement in the 1990s. It draws attention to and social and economic policies that have kept many ... More


The Movement

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter explains that the driving force behind the protection of human rights worldwide, today and for roughly the past thirty-five years, has been the nongovernmental human rights movement. ... More


Truth, Justice, Memory, and Democratization in the Southern Cone

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240906
eISBN:
9780191598869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240906.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines how Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Chile fared with truth and justice policies after the transition from authoritarian rule, looking at the issue from an institutional and ... More


The Worldwide Movement

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter explores thousands of other organizations, aside from Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, that are also active in the human rights movement. Many of them make distinctive ... More


Conclusion

Webb Keane

in Ethical Life: Its Natural and Social Histories

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167732
eISBN:
9781400873593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167732.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This concluding chapter discusses the universal aspirations of contemporary human rights and humanitarian movements and the problems that they face. The human rights movement aims to realize the ... More


Amnesty International

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter analyzes Amnesty International, the best known and by far the largest human rights organization in the world, which was established in London in 1961. Its creation was a major milestone ... More


Accountability

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses that a major goal of the international human rights movement has been to secure accountability for especially grave abuses. This focus has led to the so-called “truth ... More


Parallel Tracks and Fraught Encounters: The Human Rights and Feminist Movements (and Campesina Protagonism) in Peru

Pascha Bueno-Hansen

in Feminist and Human Rights Struggles in Peru: Decolonizing Transitional Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039423
eISBN:
9780252097539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039423.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter examines the struggles and gaps between the protagonism of rural Andean women, or campesinas, and the priorities of the human rights and feminist movements in Peru as they try to address ... More


“Human Rights Is Suddenly Chic”: The Rise of The Movement, 1970–1976

William Michael Schmidli

in The Fate of Freedom Elsewhere: Human Rights and U.S. Cold War Policy toward Argentina

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451966
eISBN:
9780801469626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451966.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines the rise of the human rights movement in U.S. foreign policy. In November 1974, Olga Talamante was arrested in Argentina five days after “State of Siege” provisions had been ... More


Workers’ Rights as Human Rights?: Solidarity Campaigns and the Anti-Sweatshop Movement

Steven Vallas, J. Matthew Judge, and Emily R. Cummins

in Democratizing Inequalities: Dilemmas of the New Public Participation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479847273
eISBN:
9781479800223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479847273.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the public debate surrounding sweatshops within a “human rights” frame. Using existing ethnographies and archival data from ten anti-sweatshop campaigns that center on Central ... More


The Human Rights Tradition and Amnesty International

in Cultural Dilemmas of Progressive Politics: Styles of Engagement among Grassroots Activists

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226318172
eISBN:
9780226318196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226318196.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reviews the cultural traditions on which contemporary human rights work relies, with a special focus on three defining documents. Two of these—the French Declaration of the Rights of Man ... More


From Kwangju to Democracy: 1980–1987

Danielle L. Chubb

in Contentious Activism and Inter-Korean Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161367
eISBN:
9780231536325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161367.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes the relationship between South Korean political activism and the trajectory of debate over inter-Korean relations that emerged in the 1980s. It determines the main claims made ... More


Counterinsurgency and Human Rights in the Post-1945 World

Brian Drohan

in Brutality in an Age of Human Rights: Activism and Counterinsurgency at the End of the British Empire

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501714658
eISBN:
9781501714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501714658.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This introduction examines recent historiographical trends in the writing of human rights history and military histories of counterinsurgency. Much of the current human rights historiography has ... More


Human Rights Naturalized

Allen Buchanan

in The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868413
eISBN:
9780190868444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868413.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter helps to confirm the explanatory power of the naturalistic theory of moral progress outlined in previous chapters by making two main points. First, it shows that the theory helps to ... More


The Fate of Freedom Elsewhere: Human Rights and U.S. Cold War Policy toward Argentina

William Michael Schmidli

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451966
eISBN:
9780801469626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451966.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

During the first quarter-century of the Cold War, upholding human rights was rarely a priority in U.S. policy toward Latin America. Seeking to protect U.S. national security, American policymakers ... More


International Human Rights Fact-Finding Praxis: A TWAIL Perspective

Obiora Okafor

in The Transformation of Human Rights Fact-Finding

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190239480
eISBN:
9780190239527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239480.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter interrogates and assesses international human rights fact-finding (IHRFF) as a form of praxis, and from a critical “third world approaches to international law” (TWAIL) perspective. It ... More


Waiting in the Garden of Broken Trees

Pascha Bueno-Hansen

in Feminist and Human Rights Struggles in Peru: Decolonizing Transitional Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039423
eISBN:
9780252097539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039423.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This book examines how social inequality functions within Peru's transitional justice process by focusing on the gender-based violence that occurred during the internal armed conflict of 1980–2000. ... More


The Protective Shields: Civil Society Organizations and the UN in the Arab Region

Kinda Mohamadieh

in Land of Blue Helmets: The United Nations and the Arab World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520286931
eISBN:
9780520961982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286931.003.0024
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the various roles undertaken by civil society organizations (CSOs), or nongovernmental organizations, in the Arab region and their implications for collaboration between CSOs ... More


Paradox and Temporality

Pascha Bueno-Hansen

in Feminist and Human Rights Struggles in Peru: Decolonizing Transitional Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039423
eISBN:
9780252097539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039423.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This book has addressed the paradox of rights: the tension between the need for human rights law to document and prosecute violations and the inability of the human rights framework to address the ... More


Afro-Colombian Social Movements

Kwame Dixon and John Burdick

in Comparative Perspectives on Afro-Latin America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813037561
eISBN:
9780813043098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037561.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter explores the struggle for land rights in Colombia as well as the ways grassroots activists are using new laws to challenge social discrimination.


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