Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-12 of 12 items

  • Keywords: human research subjects x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Protecting Human Subjects in Research

David B. Resnik

in Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses some problems with the current U.S. system for protecting human research subjects. These problems indicate that in some ways the regulations provide too much oversight, in ... More


Historical Foundations

Steven S. Coughlin

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the history of the rise of ethical concerns in the public health movement and epidemiology, which is the study of the distribution and determinants of disease in human ... More


Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

I. Glenn Cohen and Holly Fernandez Lynch (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The current framework for the regulation of human subjects research emerged largely in reaction to the horrors of Nazi human experimentation, revealed at the Nuremburg trials, and the Tuskegee ... More


IRB Licensing

Philip Hamburger

in Who's Afraid of Academic Freedom?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168809
eISBN:
9780231538794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168809.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines conflicting norms in the government's licensing of speech and the press on “human-subjects research” through institutional review boards (IRBs). It begins by discussing ... More


Research on Human Subjects, Exploitation, and Global Principles of Ethics

John Harris

in Law and Medicine: Current Legal Issues Volume 3

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299189
eISBN:
9780191685644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299189.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

In 1997, 5.8 million people became infected with HIV, 30.6 million people are living with HIV/AIDS, and infection is running at about 16,000 new infections a day, of which more than 90% are in ... More


Human Subjects in Globalized Health Research

Andrés Constantin and Roberto Andorno

in Foundations of Global Health & Human Rights

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780197528297
eISBN:
9780197528334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197528297.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The clinical trials enterprise has expanded globally, involving research developed and owned by research institutions in wealthy countries but conducted with participants in low- and middle-income ... More


Medical Ethics

K. Kannan

in Medicine and the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198082880
eISBN:
9780199082827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082880.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The ethical concerns of medical practice fall largely under the quartet: autonomy, beneficence, non-malfeasance, and fairness or justice. Driven to the brink by the Nazi experiments on specious pleas ... More


Classifying Military Personnel as a Vulnerable Population

Efthimios Parasidis

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The U.S. military has a long and checkered history of research involving human subjects. Although federal guidelines and military directives provide service members with procedural safeguards, the ... More


Designing a Research Study

Jacqueline M. Dewar

in The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning: A Guide for Scientists, Engineers, and Mathematicians

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198821212
eISBN:
9780191860751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821212.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

Chapter 3 examines basic considerations of education research design, such as whether or not to have experimental and control groups. Because many scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) ... More


Who Decides? Legal Changes to Facilitate Inclusion of Participants with Impaired Cognition in Research

Megan S. Wright

in Research Involving Participants with Cognitive Disability and Difference: Ethics, Autonomy, Inclusion, and Innovation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198824343
eISBN:
9780191863165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824343.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes and analyzes US law, policy, and guidelines regulating research involving participants with impaired cognition. Regulatory silence, vagueness, or non-uniformity about who is ... More


Disability, Vulnerability, and the Capacity to Consent

Stephanie Patterson and Pamela Block

in Research Involving Participants with Cognitive Disability and Difference: Ethics, Autonomy, Inclusion, and Innovation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198824343
eISBN:
9780191863165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824343.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

Does having a diagnosis of intellectual or cognitive disability automatically render a person vulnerable and unable to give informed consent to participate in research? Discussions over a proposed ... More


Ethical Challenges in the Development and Deployment of Medical Therapies and Vaccines in the Context of Public Health Emergencies

Annick Antierens

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

In chapter 12, Annick Antierens provides an extensive account of how medical therapies and candidate vaccines were developed for Ebola virus disease, the financial and governmental partnerships that ... More


View: