Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 54 items

  • Keywords: human reason x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Poverty and Human Development

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Each of the four chapters of Part I of the book synthesizes one aspect that must be specified in the operationalization of the capability approach, then proposes a framework for doing so. The issue ... More


Kierkegaard as Negative Theologian

David R. Law

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263364
eISBN:
9780191682506
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263364.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book is concerned with Kierkegaard's ‘apophaticism’, i.e. with those elements of Kierkegaard's thought that emphasize the incapacity of human reason and the hiddenness of God. Apophaticism is an ... More


Reasoning in the real world: how much deduction is there?

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The idea that a deductive competence theory is central to human cognition both has a long pedigree and is widely held by many leading figures in the psychology of reasoning. This chapter argues ... More


Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233298
eISBN:
9780191696602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233298.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The conditional, if…then, is probably the most important term in natural language and forms the core of systems of logic and mental representation. It occurs in all human languages and allows people ... More


The rational analysis of mind: a dialogue

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book seeks to convince the reader that the project of developing a rational analysis of human reasoning based on probability theory has been fruitful, and that it has considerable promise in the ... More


Could Man Be an Irrational Animal?: Some Notes on the Epistemology of Rationality

Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Aristotle thought man was a rational animal. From his time to ours, however, there has been a steady stream of writers who have dissented from this sanguine assessment. Recently, however, there have ... More


Practical Rationality

Philippa Foot

in Natural Goodness

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Foot considers an objection to the suggestion that the same normative pattern is to be found in plants, animals, and human beings: i.e. human beings, because they are rational creatures, can question ... More


Learning the Truth

Murray A. Rae

in Kierkegaard's Vision of the Incarnation: By Faith Transformed

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269403
eISBN:
9780191683633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269403.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Christianity contends that the Truth is learned neither by speculation, nor imagination, nor by historical investigation but rather by the virtue of the condition given by God. Receipt of this ... More


Rationality and rational analysis

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

One of the central goals of this book is to show how empirical data on human reasoning can be reconciled with the notion that people are rational. This raises two questions: first, the general ... More


The probabilistic turn

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to outline the so-called ‘probabilistic turn’: a move from using logic to using probability theory as a framework for understanding human thought. This probabilistic turn has ... More


Constructivism and Justice

Chandran Kukathas

in Hayek and Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273264
eISBN:
9780191684029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273264.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Hayek's claims about the nature and significance of the limits of human reason. It outlines Hayek's account of the nature of mind and knowledge and his critique of ... More


Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Stephen Stich

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This volume collects the best and most influential work on knowledge, rationality, and morality that Stephen Stich has published in the last forty years. All of the chapters here are concerned, in ... More


Tocqueville in His Time

Cheryl B. Welch

in De Tocqueville

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198781318
eISBN:
9780191695414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198781318.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter situates Tocqueville among a set of problems and writers in post-revolutionary France in order to give the reader a sense of both the idiosyncrasy of Tocqueville's project in his own ... More


Strategic Reliabilism: Epistemic Significance

Michael A Bishop and J. D. Trout

in Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195162295
eISBN:
9780199835539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195162293.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers a framework for understanding significance that tolerates our incomplete knowledge of the conditions for human well-being. Topics discussed include the role of significance in ... More


Putting Epistemology into Practice: Normative Disputes in Psychology

Michael A Bishop and J. D. Trout

in Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195162295
eISBN:
9780199835539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195162293.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter uses Strategic Reliabilism to resolve two debates about whether certain experimental findings demonstrate deep and systematic failures of human reasoning. It illustrates one of the main ... More


Using Evolutionary Thinking to Cut Across Disciplines: The Example of the Argumentative Theory of Reasoning

Hugo Mercier

in Comparative Decision Making

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199856800
eISBN:
9780199301508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856800.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The frequent flaws in human reasoning are well documented. This chapter seeks to provide a general explanation based on the role of argumentation both in contemporary society and during the ... More


Anton Wilhelm Amo

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the life and work of Anton Wilhelm Amo, who was active in Germany in the period between Leibniz and Kant. It shows how Amo's identity as an African in Europe helped to shape ... More


Does the exception prove the rule? How people reason with conditionals

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter shows how a probabilistic perspective can resolve many of the outstanding issues in reasoning research. The goal is to show that many of the errors and biases seen in experiments on ... More


Strategic Reliabilism: The Costs and Benefits of Excellent Judgment

Michael A Bishop and J. D. Trout

in Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195162295
eISBN:
9780199835539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195162293.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Strategic Reliabilism addresses resource allocation considerations within a cost-benefit framework. However, there are serious reasons to worry about the feasibility of a cost-benefit approach to ... More


Introduction to Part II

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This part of the book provides information about the remainder of the book. The next two-thirds of the book take up, respectively, proof and consequence. The book now turns to the absolutely central ... More


View: