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Truth and Rationality

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

Chapter 2 begins with a short discussion of truth. A central aim of the book is to arrive at and justify true beliefs about free will and responsibility, on the way to achieving some understanding of ... More


Ending the Rationality Wars: How to Make Disputes About Human Rationality Disappear

Richard Samuels, Stephen Stich, and Michael Bishop

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that much of the dispute between evolutionary psychologists and those in the heuristics and biases tradition is itself an illusion. The fireworks generated by each side focusing ... More


Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective: Philosophical Essays Volume 3

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237532
eISBN:
9780191597312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237537.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is the third volume of Donald Davidson's philosophical writings. In this selection of his work from the 1980s and the 90s, Davidson critically examines three types of propositional ... More


Voting: An Individual and Reasoned Choice

Delia Baldassarri

in The Simple Art of Voting: The Cognitive Shortcuts of Italian Voters

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199828241
eISBN:
9780199979783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828241.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Chapter 1 draws a profile of the voter as decision maker, the protagonist of a choice. Voting is argued to be a nonrandom yet notdetermined, individual, and reasoned choice. The chapter confronts the ... More


Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality

Renee Elio (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147667
eISBN:
9780199785865
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147669.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book addresses three areas of current and varied interest: common sense, reasoning, and rationality. While common sense and rationality often have been viewed as two distinct features in a ... More


Distinguishing the reflective, algorithmic, and autonomous minds: Is it time for a tri-process theory?

Keith E. Stanovich

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Building upon work which considers the implications dual-process theory for the great rationality debate in cognitive science, this chapter advances that discussion, first by discussing additions and ... More


How to Make Cognitive Illusions Disappear

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195153729
eISBN:
9780199849222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153729.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Cognitive illusions have been linked to perceptual illusions, suggesting that they are “inevitable illusions”. This chapter criticizes the narrow norms that make humans look irrational and shows how ... More


Adaptive illusions: optimism, control, and human rationality

DANIEL NETTLE

in Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528975
eISBN:
9780191689604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528975.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the relationship between emotions and deliberative rationality. It argues that there are evolutionary reasons to think that emotions are in some cases likely systematically to ... More


Rational Animals

Donald Davidson

in Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective: Philosophical Essays Volume 3

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237532
eISBN:
9780191597312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237537.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an attempt to specify some of the constitutive components of human rationality. Drawing on conclusions previously defended (mainly in his essay ‘Thought and Talk’), Davidson argues ... More


Intelligence as a Predictor of Performance on Heuristics and Biases Tasks

(Keith E. Stanovich and Richard F. West)

in Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341140
eISBN:
9780199894307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341140.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter reviews what is known about the connections between intelligence and the reasoning biases related to human rationality. Overall, the associations are surprisingly modest. There is great ... More


A Smithian Liberalism

Jack Russell Weinstein

in Adam Smith's Pluralism: Rationality, Education, and the Moral Sentiments

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300162530
eISBN:
9780300163759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162530.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The Conclusion summarizes the book's overall aim and presents some thoughts on the analysis that has taken place. The Conclusion offers two separate but related ideas: first, that Smith offers a ... More


Cognitive and social cognitive development: Dual-process research and theory

Paul A. Klaczynski

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes some counterintuitive age trends, presents a developmental dual-process theory that affords a more parsimonious interpretation of these trends than offered by traditional ... More


Self-Control, Values, and Moral Development: Peirce on the Value-driven Dynamics of Human Morality

Helmut Pape

in The Normative Thought of Charles S. Peirce

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823242443
eISBN:
9780823250769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823242443.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

The chapter first shows that self-control is a constitutive feature of human rationality. Second, it argues that the flexibility of logical self-control is how human rationality contributes to an ... More


How we Reason

Philip N. Johnson-Laird

in How We Reason

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199551330
eISBN:
9780191701580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551330.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explains the heart of a human's reasoning. Mental models of possibilities are at the heart of this reasoning. The theory confronts two challenges that pull in opposite directions. It ... More


Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization

John Searle

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195396171
eISBN:
9780190267643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195396171.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The book offers a profound understanding of how we create a social reality—a reality of money, property, governments, marriages, stock markets and cocktail parties. The paradox addressed is that ... More


Le Grand Newton

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0031
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focusses on the philosophy of Sir Isaac Newton. By the end of the eighteenth century, Newton was revered on the Continent as an icon of human rationality: the supreme representative of a ... More


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