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Origins of Objectivity

Tyler Burge

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581405
eISBN:
9780191723223
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581405.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents a study of what it is for individuals to represent the physical world with the most primitive sort of objectivity. By reflecting on the science of perception and related ... More


The Holocaust and Genocide

Kristen Renwick Monroe

in Ethics in an Age of Terror and Genocide: Identity and Moral Choice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151373
eISBN:
9781400840366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151373.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter reviews the literature on genocide to define it, asks what scholars already know about it, and provides a context within which the stories that constitute the heart of the data section ... More


Bridging Cultural and Developmental Approaches to Psychology: New Syntheses in Theory, Research, and Policy

Lene Arnett Jensen

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195383430
eISBN:
9780199827176
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383430.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book contains chapters which propose ways to bridge cultural and developmental approaches to human psychology. The chapters heed the call of cultural psychology to study different peoples around ... More


Gene–Culture Coevolution and the Evolution of Social Institutions

Robert Boyd and Peter J. Richerson

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Social institutions are the laws, informal rules, and conventions that give durable structure to social interactions within a population. Such institutions are typically not designed consciously, are ... More


Human Morality

Samuel Scheffler

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195085648
eISBN:
9780199833634
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195085647.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book defends a conception of morality as moderate in content and pervasive in scope, and as possessing an authority that derives in part from its deep roots in human psychology. According to ... More


The Heart Has Its Reasons: Social Rationality in Mate Choice

Alison P. Lenton, Lars Penke, Peter M. Todd, and Barbara Fasolo

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The specific circumstances in which an individual encounters their mate options may influence how she chooses and, ultimately, whom she chooses. In particular, the choice environment may affect the ... More


Conclusion: Unity in Psychology?

Brian Schiff

in A New Narrative for Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780199332182
eISBN:
9780190690014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199332182.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The concluding chapter of A New Narrative for Psychology, reflects on the place of the narrative perspective in the discipline as a whole. It argues that although the methods of narrative psychology ... More


The Gaze of Others

Philippe Rochat

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0037
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyzes human self-conscious psychology from the perspective of development. Human psychology is ontologically self-conscious, with an exacerbated care for reputation at its core. This ... More


History and the Family

Paul Sagar

in The Opinion of Mankind: Sociability and the Theory of the State from Hobbes to Smith

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691178882
eISBN:
9781400889808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178882.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the role of history and the family in debates over human sociability and the foundations of politics, drawing attention to how David Hume was able to revolutionize the use of ... More


Reason and intuition in the moral life: A dual-process account of moral justification

Leland F. Saunders

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores how morality can be rational if moral intuitions are resistant to rational reflection. There are two parts to this question. The normative problem is whether there is a model of ... More


Halakhah and Psychology

Louis Jacobs

in Tree of Life: Diversity, Flexibility and Creativity in Jewish Law

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197100394
eISBN:
9781800340299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780197100394.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses how the comprehensiveness of the halakhic process is further evident in the numerous instances in which laws are formulated on the basis of human psychology — of how human ... More


Anthropomorphic Self-Models for Metareasoning Agents

Andrew S. Gordon, Jerry R. Hobbs, and Michael T. Cox

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0019
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter argues for making representational commitments in metareasoning systems in a principled manner, that is, through the development of anthropomorphic self-models. Integrated, ... More


Homeric Psychology

Joel P. Christensen

in The Many-Minded Man: The "Odyssey," Psychology, and the Therapy of Epic

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501752346
eISBN:
9781501752360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501752346.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents the author's view of psychology in Homer. It begins by suggesting that the Odyssey is particularly interested in a central psychological issue — agency — and that it demands ... More


Conclusion: Infants, Instincts, and Mothers

Marga Vicedo

in The Nature and Nurture of Love: From Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226020556
eISBN:
9780226020693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter summarizes the main results of the study. It highlights some key factors that explain the success of attachment theory in the face of substantial criticism, and reflects on what the ... More


Holocaust

David Livingstone Smith

in On Inhumanity: Dehumanization and How to Resist It

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190923006
eISBN:
9780190092566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923006.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses how the Holocaust is a prime example of dehumanization. Indeed, the dehumanization of Jews was a central component of the Nazi program. And to date it represents the most ... More


Implicit Cognition

Geoffrey Underwood (ed.)

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523109
eISBN:
9780191688829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523109.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book describes the fascinating learning, memory, and performance processes that take place without the subject's ‘explicit’ awareness. A well-known example is patients under anaesthetic who, ... More


The Dizziness of Freedom

Robert H. Abzug

in Psyche and Soul in America: The Spiritual Odyssey of Rollo May

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780199754373
eISBN:
9780197512944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199754373.003.0021
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, History of Religion

Paul Tillich’s death In 1965 marks a turning point in May’s life, one in which he mourned his mentor but also declared his freedom from Tillich’s watchful influence. As the war in Vietnam heats up, ... More


What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Paul Ekman and Erika L. Rosenberg (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

While we have known for centuries that facial expressions can reveal what people are thinking and feeling, it is only recently that the face has been studied scientifically for what it can tell us ... More


Expectations Before the Rational Expectations Revolution

Eric Barthalon

in Uncertainty, Expectations, and Financial Instability: Reviving Allais's Lost Theory of Psychological Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166287
eISBN:
9780231538305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166287.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter reviews a number of expectations theories that preceded the rational expectations hypothesis (REH). It first considers R. Cantillon's views on the role of expectations in economics, ... More


The Wildness of the World Behind the Ladies’ View in the Bride of the Innisfallenand Other Stories

Stephen M. Fuller

in Eudora Welty and Surrealism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617036736
eISBN:
9781621039143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617036736.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter describes how Welty’s career was based on the dark recesses of human psychology, evidenced by a steady stream of fictional works that made this its main subject. A student of the ... More


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