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The Archaeology of Group Size

Matt Grove

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter aims to summarize the results of recent research producing estimates of hominin range areas, population sizes, and land use patterns based on archaeological data. Estimates of such ... More


Late Life in Human Populations

Laurence D. Muller

in Does Aging Stop?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199754229
eISBN:
9780199896714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754229.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Late life was first detected in human populations, despite the very late occurrence of late life in humans. Recent data from supercentenarians provide strong evidence of a late-life mortality rate ... More


Welcoming Limitations

Eileen Crist

in Abundant Earth: Toward an Ecological Civilization

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226596778
eISBN:
9780226596945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226596945.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

“Welcoming Limitations” argues for shifting perspectives on carrying capacity away from the definition of the maximum number of people the planet can support toward an ecological touchstone: the ... More


Influences of the Human Footprint on Sagebrush Landscape Patterns: Implications for Sage-Grouse Conservation

Matthias Leu and Steven E. Hanser

in Greater Sage-Grouse: Ecology and Conservation of a Landscape Species and Its Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267114
eISBN:
9780520948686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267114.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) ecosystems in the western United States have changed in quantity and configuration from a variety of causes including agriculture and human population growth since ... More


The Finite Planet

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Earth: A Tenant's Manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801478239
eISBN:
9780801466212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801478239.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter examines the Earth's finitude of space and resources, noting that land areas cannot so much be changed or expanded upon as it can be reused or replaced. Although there are the ... More


Human History as Brownian Motion, or How Genetic Trees and Gene Maps Draw Things Together

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with Cavalli-Sforza’s early work in the development of statistical and computer techniques to create human population trees on the basis of the genetics of blood groups. The ... More


Abundant Earth: Toward an Ecological Civilization

Eileen Crist

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226596778
eISBN:
9780226596945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226596945.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Abundant Earth documents the loss of biodiversity underway and lays out the drivers of this destruction. It goes beyond the litany of causes—a growing population, rising livestock numbers, expanding ... More


Larger-Scale Influences on the Serengeti Ecosystem: National and International Policy, Economics, and Human Demography

Stephen Polasky, Jennifer Schmitt, Christopher Costello, and Liaila Tajibaeva

in Serengeti III: Human Impacts on Ecosystem Dynamics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226760339
eISBN:
9780226760353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226760353.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter begins by reviewing important national and international policies that set the institutional context for the Serengeti ecosystem. Though the greater Serengeti ecosystem contains portions ... More


Agricultural Expansion and Human Population Trends in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem from 1984 to 2003

Anna B. Estes, Tobias Kuemmerle, Hadas Kushnir, V. C. Radeloff, and H. H. Shugart

in Serengeti IV: Sustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226195834
eISBN:
9780226196336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Protected areas are impacted by what takes place around their borders, and the nature and severity of these impacts is influenced by reserve size, land use and human populations. Contrary to the ... More


Serengeti III: Human Impacts on Ecosystem Dynamics

A. R. E. Sinclair, Craig Packer, and Simon A. R. Mduma (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226760339
eISBN:
9780226760353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226760353.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Serengeti National Park is one of the world's most diverse ecosystems, a natural laboratory for ecology, evolution, and conservation, with a history that dates back at least four million years to the ... More


The Resource Basis of Human-Wildlife Interaction

Han Olff and J. Grant C. Hopcraft

in Serengeti III: Human Impacts on Ecosystem Dynamics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226760339
eISBN:
9780226760353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226760353.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter analyzes how current human population density and land use respond to environmental gradients, with an emphasis on rainfall and soil fertility, and compares this to the responses of ... More


The Environmental Record of Human Populations and Migrations in the Copan Valley, Honduras

Cameron L. McNeil

in The Ch′orti′ Maya Area: Past and Present

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033310
eISBN:
9780813039527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033310.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the environmental record of human population and migration in the Copan Valley, Honduras, which is the most prominent archaeological site in the region defined in this book as ... More


Transitions in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area: The Story of Land Use, Human Well-Being, and Conservation

Kathleen A. Galvin, Randall B. Boone, J. Terrence McCabe, Ann L. Magennis, and Tyler A. Beeton

in Serengeti IV: Sustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226195834
eISBN:
9780226196336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The NCA is distinctive to all of the country’s other protected areas as they are designated as Game Reserves, Wildlife Management Areas, Forest Reserves or National Parks. The NCA is currently ... More


Towards a Better Global Economy: Policy Implications for Citizens Worldwide in the 21st Century

Franklin Allen, Jere R. Behrman, Nancy Birdsall, Shahrokh Fardoust, Dani Rodrik, Andrew Steer, and Arvind Subramanian

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198723455
eISBN:
9780191790065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723455.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Substantial progress in the fight against extreme poverty was made in the past two decades. But the slowdown in global economic growth and significant increases in income inequality in many developed ... More


The Origins of the World's Mythologies

E.J. Michael Witzel

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195367461
eISBN:
9780199932047
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367461.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This book is an ambitious work on mythology. Focusing on the oldest available texts, buttressed by data from archeology, comparative linguistics, and human population genetics, this book reconstructs ... More


The Leakeys’ Legacy

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

This chapter explains how the partnership of Louis and Mary Leakey was of major importance in establishing the African origin and early evolution of prehistoric human populations. It then goes on to ... More


Cluster Analysis

Steve Selvin

in Epidemiologic Analysis: A Case-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146189
eISBN:
9780199864720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146189.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter identifies the similarities and differences among a series of human populations based on variations in genetic frequencies. Using gene frequency data from twenty-six race/ethnicity ... More


History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Marianne Sommer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The book deals with human histories that have been reconstructed on the basis of bones, organisms, and molecules in the twentieth century. It focuses on the work of Henry Fairfield Osborn, Julian ... More


Biological Theories of Race beyond the Millennium

Joseph L. Graves

in Reconsidering Race: Social Science Perspectives on Racial Categories in the Age of Genomics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190465285
eISBN:
9780190465315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465285.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides historical contextualization of the crisis faced by the social construction approach of race. It reveals that anatomically modern humans are a young species that spent the ... More


Houston Toads and Texas Politics

Lauren E. Brown and Ann Mesrobian

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

A number of species of amphibians have long been recognized as sliding toward extinction. For example, Houston toads (Bufo houstonensis) were first thought to be nearing extinction forty years ago, ... More


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