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Some History of Human Performance Modeling

Richard W. Pew

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

The history of modeling aspects of human behavior is as long as the history of experimental psychology. However, only since the 1940s have integrated models reflected human perceptual, cognitive, and ... More


HRM and Performance: Achieving Long Term Viability

Jaap Paauwe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273904
eISBN:
9780191699726
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273904.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

This title adopts a broad perspective that takes into account not only the strategic dimension of human resources management (HRM), but the professional and societal dimension. It combines academic ... More


Issues in Commonsense Reasoning and Rationality

Renée Elio

in Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147667
eISBN:
9780199785865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147669.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by discussing the issue of normative standards, in particular the role human performance plays in specifying these standards for common sense and rationality. It then discusses ... More


Decreased Arousal as a Result of Sleep Deprivation: The Unraveling of Cognitive Control

Glenn Gunzelmann, Kevin A. Gluck, Scott Price, Hans P. A. Van Dongen, and David F. Dinges

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses recent efforts at developing mechanisms for capturing the effects of fatigue on human performance. It describes a computational cognitive model, developed in ACT-R (adaptive ... More


Attention to Attention and Its Applications: A Concluding View

Christopher D. Wickens

in Attention: From Theory to Practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305722
eISBN:
9780199847723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305722.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapters in this book represent the best practices of where applied attention research stands, and point to the challenges to attention researchers to be relevant to human factors and applied ... More


Human performance: from then to now

Andries F. Sanders

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examimes changes and developments in the study of human performance in psychology. It discusses major findings concerning signal detection, the relation between choice reaction time (RT) ... More


Human Performance Optimization: The Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities

Michael D. Matthews and David M. Schnyer (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190455132
eISBN:
9780190455156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455132.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Advances in cognitive neuroscience, engineering, and related fields suggest new ways of optimizing human performance. Especially for organizations that operate in high-stakes, high-stress, and ... More


Applications and Future Directions

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

in Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

The goal of this book is to enable the reader to become a practicing psychophysics researcher. This book takes an integrated theoretical approach to understanding perceptual systems and human ... More


Exclusions in Patent Law as an Indirect Form of Regulation for New Health Technologies in Europe

Amanda Odell‐West

in European Law and New Health Technologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199659210
eISBN:
9780191748165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659210.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Medical Law

This chapter considers the effects of the ‘medical’ and ‘morality’ exclusions in patent law on new health technologies. It begins by outlining the legal framework for patents in Europe and describing ... More


The Role of Sleep in Human Performance and Well-Being

Nita Lewis Shattuck, Panagiotis Matsangas, Vincent Mysliwiec, and Jennifer L. Creamer

in Human Performance Optimization: The Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190455132
eISBN:
9780190455156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explores the influence of sleep on human performance and well-being. A general discussion of the role of sleep in humans is followed by a description of the functions of various stages ... More


Human Performance Optimization: Synthesis and Integration

Michael D. Matthews and David M. Schnyer

in Human Performance Optimization: The Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190455132
eISBN:
9780190455156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes and integrates the various approaches to optimizing human performance addressed in this book. Strategies for performance enhancement are evaluated across the three main ... More


Optimizing Human Performance

Michael D. Matthews and David M. Schnyer

in Human Performance Optimization: The Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190455132
eISBN:
9780190455156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In an increasingly complex and fast-paced world, organizations must develop strategies to enhance or optimize worker performance in order to achieve their goals. This is especially true, for example, ... More


Nutrition, Genetics, and Human Performance During Military Training

Erin Gaffney-Stomberg and James P. McClung

in Human Performance Optimization: The Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190455132
eISBN:
9780190455156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Military personnel train and conduct operations in environments that result in exposure to multiple stressors such as caloric deprivation, physical and psychological strain, and increased energy ... More


A Global Picture of Social and Economic Rights Fulfillment

Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Terra Lawson-Remer, and Susan Randolph

in Fulfilling Social and Economic Rights

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199735501
eISBN:
9780190226701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735501.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Democratization

The chapter describes global and historical patterns in social and economic rights fulfillment. Looking around the world across time, there has been relatively steady progress in rights fulfillment ... More


Integrating “What” and “Where”: Visual Working Memory for Objects in a Scene

Sebastian Schneegans, John P. Spencer, and Gregor Schöner

in Dynamic Thinking: A Primer on Dynamic Field Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199300563
eISBN:
9780190299026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300563.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter presents a model of working memory and change detection in visual scenes that addresses the binding problem: When memorizing a group of objects, each with a location and multiple surface ... More


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