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Variability in the Visual Perception of Human Motion as a Function of the Observer’s Autistic Traits

Martha D. Kaiser and Maggie Shiffrar

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Typical observers exhibit a remarkable sensitivity to the social information conveyed by the body motions of others. Scholars have asserted that successful social behavior depends on successful ... More


 Causal Models

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

According to human perception, the world is full of causal systems composed of autonomous mechanisms that generate events as effects of other events. This chapter attempts to make this idea more ... More


The Evolution of Consciousness

Euan Macphail

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503248
eISBN:
9780191686481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503248.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Are non-human animals conscious? When do babies begin to feel pain? What function is served by consciousness? What evidence could resolve these issues? These questions are tackled by exploring ... More


Infants’ auditory sensitivity towards acoustic parameters of speech and music

Christoph Fassbender

in Musical Beginnings: Origins and Development of Musical Competence

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523321
eISBN:
9780191688881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523321.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Many sounds reach the human ear at the same time. In order to get anything meaningful out of these sounds, human perception has to undergo processes that work to group together meaningful sounds and ... More


The Embodied versus Embedded Versions of Expertise: Revisiting the Dreyfus–Collins Debate

Rodrigo Ribeiro

in Skillful Performance: Enacting Capabilities, Knowledge, Competence, and Expertise in Organizations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198806639
eISBN:
9780191844768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806639.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

There is a long and unsettled debate between Hubert Dreyfus and Harry Collins regarding embodiment and its connection to expertise. On the one hand, Dreyfus—as an existentialist philosopher—puts ... More


Children

Mary Ellen Konieczny

in The Spirit's Tether: Family, Work, and Religion among American Catholics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199965779
eISBN:
9780199346059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199965779.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 4, “Children,” shows how Catholic identities are implicated in the different logics underlying childrearing approaches in each parish, especially in the two groups’ different religious ... More


Understanding Human Visual Function with Psychophysics

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

in Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

Humans are visual creatures. The amazing abilities of human vision far exceed the capabilities of the most sophisticated machines and may inspire new machine design. Human visual capabilities and ... More


Be Here Now: Mimesis and the History of Representation

Vincent P. Pecora

in Presence: Philosophy, History, and Cultural Theory for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452208
eISBN:
9780801469206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452208.003.0003
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter focuses on the work of art, poetry, and the place of aesthetics in understanding the relation of presence and representation. By engaging with the works of Gumbrecht and Elaine Scarry, ... More


The Music between Us: Is Music a Universal Language?

Kathleen Marie Higgins

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226333281
eISBN:
9780226333274
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226333274.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Philosophy of Music

From our first social bonding as infants to the funeral rites that mark our passing, music plays an important role in our lives, bringing us closer to one another. This book investigates this role, ... More


Passion/mirrors (A Passion For the Violent Ineffable: Modernist Music and the Angel/in the Hall of Mirrors)

Andrew Dell'Antonio

in Beyond Structural Listening?: Postmodern Modes of Hearing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520237575
eISBN:
9780520937024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237575.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter is about subjective hearing of a particular body of music. It also discusses the subjectivity of writing this chapter and the various personal and social contexts that led to its ... More


The Emergence of the Human Brain

Zoltan Torey and Daniel C. Dennett

in The Crucible of Consciousness: An Integrated Theory of Mind and Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262512848
eISBN:
9780262255189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262512848.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the development of the brain from the prehuman to human stage. In examining the brain’s developmental background, the qualitative changes in the brain are also looked at, as ... More


Knowledge, Belief, and Disbelief

Molly Andrews

in Narrative Imagination and Everyday Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199812394
eISBN:
9780199388554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812394.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 2 locates the inquiry within a research context, specifically the ‘narrative imagination’ that is required from researchers as we embark on journeys exploring the different worldviews of ... More


Conclusion: Producing the ‘Reality’ of Religion—New Ecologies of Media

Uma Maheswari Bhrugubanda

in Deities and Devotees: Cinema, Religion, and Politics in South India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780199487356
eISBN:
9780199093281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199487356.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

As Walter Benjamin observed, modernity ushered in not only new political forms, but also new audio–visual technologies which revolutionized human perception. While Foucault reveals the new political ... More


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