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Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Julian C. Knight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This book describes the remarkable progress which has been made in defining the extent and nature of human genetic variation, and its many consequences for us as individuals and in understanding ... More


Becoming Human: the Archaeological Challenge: British Academy Lecture

COLIN RENFREW

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 139, 2005 Lectures

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263945
eISBN:
9780191734038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263945.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the attempts of pinpointing the origins of humans, i.e. Homo sapiens sapiens. Due to the recent advances in archaeology, specifically in archaeogenetics, it has been determined ... More


Woman the Gatherer

Erika Lorraine Milam

in Creatures of Cain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181882
eISBN:
9780691185095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181882.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the research of women anthropologists during this period. It shows how many anthropologists had fought to refute the picture of universal male authority implied by common ... More


Original Sin

Keith Ward

in Religion and Human Nature

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269618
eISBN:
9780191683718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269618.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

This chapter examines the Christian doctrine of original sin. It suggests that the contrast between the biblical narrative of human genesis and the evolutionary account of human origin is no longer ... More


New Worlds

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter turns to the history of the race concept. It considers the early development of thinking about human diversity and human origins in the context of the Renaissance. In important respects, ... More


How Culture and Brain Mechanisms Interact in Decision Making

Merlin Donald

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Decision making is a very private thing, individualized and personal. Yet it has a cultural dimension. The human brain does not acquire language, symbolic skills, or any form of symbolic cognition ... More


“Have We Dug at Our Ancestral Shrine?” Post-Máo Ethnic Nationalism and Its Limits

Sigrid Schmalzer

in The People's Peking Man: Popular Science and Human Identity in Twentieth-Century China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226738598
eISBN:
9780226738611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226738611.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which examines the significance of Chinese discourse on human origins as a whole, including but not limited to issues of ethnic nationalism, asks: Is ethnic nationalism a sufficient ... More


Gentlemen and Amazons: The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory, 1861-1900

Cynthia Eller

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248595
eISBN:
9780520948556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248595.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book traces the nineteenth-century genesis and development of an important contemporary myth about human origins: that of an original prehistoric matriarchy. It explores the intellectual history ... More


Considering Conflict: Human Origins and Stem Cell Research

Michael S. Evans

in Seeking Good Debate: "Religion, Science, and Conflict in American Public Life"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285071
eISBN:
9780520960664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285071.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter looks at debates over human origins and stem cell research, in which conflict is claimed to occur. While few would say that religion and science are always in conflict, there is general ... More


The Travels and Travails of Matriarchal Myth

Eller Cynthia

in Gentlemen and Amazons: The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory, 1861-1900

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248595
eISBN:
9780520948556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248595.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter takes a look at the matriarchal myth, which considers the possibility that male dominance can end, first examining Dan Brown's The DaVinci Code, a novel which imagines a sex-positive, ... More


From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The birth and evolution of our solar system is a tantalizing mystery that may one day provide answers to the question of human origins. This book tells the remarkable story of how the celestial ... More


How Intelligent Design Demeans Religion

in Bleached Faith: The Tragic Cost When Religion Is Forced into the Public Square

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758611
eISBN:
9780804763141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758611.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter begins by looking at the intelligent design movement in the context of earlier attacks on Darwin and the fate of those attacks in the courts. It then shows why intelligent design has had ... More


Tales of the Ex-Apes: How We Think about Human Evolution

Jonathan Marks

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285811
eISBN:
9780520961197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285811.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This book is about the irreducibility of human evolution to purely biological properties and processes, for human evolution has incorporated the emergence of social relations and cultural histories ... More


Three Roots of Human Recency: Molecular Anthropology, the Refigured Acheulean, and the UNESCO Response to Auschwitz

Robert N. Proctor

in The Moral Authority of Nature

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226136806
eISBN:
9780226136820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136820.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores some of the lines of evidence leading to the idea that humanness in the cultural sense is a relatively recent phenomenon—no more than 100,000 years old, and perhaps even more ... More


Stone Age people in a changing South African Greater Cape Floristic Region

Curtis W. Marean, Hayley C. Cawthra, Richard M. Cowling, Karen J. Esler, Erich Fisher, Antoni Milewski, Alastair J. Potts, Elzanne Singels, and Jan De Vynck

in Fynbos: Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation of a Megadiverse Region

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199679584
eISBN:
9780191791949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679584.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The human origins story (palaeoanthropology) is often set in the African Palaeotropics, yet the Greater Cape Floristic Region (GCFR) plays an internationally prominent role that surpasses its small ... More


The Origins of Stone Tool Technology in Africa: A Historical Perspective

Ignacio de la Torre

in Culture Evolves

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199608966
eISBN:
9780191804656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199608966.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The search for the earliest stone tools is a topic that has received much attention in studies on the archaeology of human origins. New evidence could position the oldest traces of stone tool-use ... More


Neanderthal Humanities

John Hawks

in Darwin's Bridge: Uniting the Humanities and Sciences

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190231217
eISBN:
9780190609061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190231217.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The problem of Neanderthal intentional markings is considered. This is a rich area of inquiry in archaeology, with more and more evidence of Neandertal “symbolic” behavior emerging every year. Some ... More


Epilogue

Elizabeth V. Spelman

in Trash Talks: Revelations in the Rubbish

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190239350
eISBN:
9780190239381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239350.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

The brief Epilogue notes that the promised portrait of people’s intimate connections with the world of rejectamenta turns out to be more like a sestych or six-panel installation. Or, to shift ... More


The Garden of Eden Moment

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter considers when, where, and how the ‘Garden of Eden moment’ occurred, i.e., human beings’ creation of symbolic representations of others through various forms of image-making such as cave ... More


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