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Poverty and Human Development

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Each of the four chapters of Part I of the book synthesizes one aspect that must be specified in the operationalization of the capability approach, then proposes a framework for doing so. The issue ... More


Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation

Robert B. Louden

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072921
eISBN:
9780199852925
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072921.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contemporary philosophers have grown increasingly sceptical toward both morality and moral theory. Some argue that moral theory is a radically misguided enterprise which does not illuminate moral ... More


Grounds of Moral Human Rights

Carl Wellman

in The Moral Dimensions of Human Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744787
eISBN:
9780199827138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744787.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explains the grounds of moral human rights. Basal rights are grounded on moral reasons other than some prior right but often ground derived rights. Their grounds are primarily the harms ... More


Moral Dimensions

Carl Wellman

in The Moral Dimensions of Human Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744787
eISBN:
9780199827138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744787.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter describes the most important moral dimensions of human rights. Moral human rights presuppose basic human needs because they are grounded primarily on the harms normally inflicted on ... More


Introduction

Navjot S. Sodhi and Paul R. Ehrlich

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introduction briefly introduces all the chapters. This book provides cutting‐edge but basic conservation science for the inhabitants of both developing as well as developed countries. ... More


Global Competition and Law: Trajectories and Promises

David J. Gerber

in Global Competition: Law, Markets, and Globalization

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228225
eISBN:
9780191711350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228225.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter ties together the preceding sections of the book. It takes a longer and broader view of the trajectories of national competition law experience and analyzes how they have been ... More


Judaism and Peacebuilding in the Context of Middle Eastern Conflict

Marc Gopin

in Faith-Based Diplomacy Trumping Realpolitik

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195367935
eISBN:
9780199851805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367935.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Palestine and Israel have faced dangerous and deadly situations through a series of wars. It can be observed that there was a failure to recognize the human needs of the Palestinians, the isolated ... More


12. 12. Broadening the Marketing Concept: Service to Humanity, or Privatization of the Public Good?

Kalman Applbaum

in Inside Marketing: Practices, Ideologies, Devices

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199576746
eISBN:
9780191724916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576746.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

Is humanistic marketing possible? Can the marketing concept be suitably applied beyond commercial situations and to the public interest? Is marketing a universal tool, a technology, even a science ... More


Poverty and Human Needs

Vimla Nadkarni and Govind Dhaske

in Handbook of International Social Work: Human Rights, Development, and the Global Profession

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195333619
eISBN:
9780199918195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333619.003.0035
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter looks at poverty and human needs in an integrated framework. Within a perspective-based discussion, it analyzes the role of the social work profession in advancing the practice for ... More


Conservation Biology for All

Navjot S. Sodhi and Paul R. Ehrlich (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This book provides cutting-edge but basic conservation science for the inhabitants of both developing as well as developed countries. Authoritative chapters are written by top names in conservation ... More


Folk-Song

David Manning

in Vaughan Williams on Music

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195182392
eISBN:
9780199851485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182392.003.0047
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Any art, if it is to have life, must be able to trace its origin to a fundamental human need. Such needs must prompt expression among people, even in their most primitive and uncultivated state. To ... More


Karl Philipp Moritz and the System of Needs

Matt Erlin

in Necessary Luxuries: Books, Literature, and the Culture of Consumption in Germany, 1770-1815

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453045
eISBN:
9780801470431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453045.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the complexity and equivocation that characterize attempts to untangle the interrelationships among luxury, consumption, the fine arts, and human needs in late ... More


Health and Energy Use

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on health and energy use. Topics discussed include human energy needs, biomass fuels, fossil fuels, hydropower, nuclear power, alternative energy sources, comparing risks, and ... More


Industrialization and The Family1

Richard M. Titmuss

in Essays on the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349518
eISBN:
9781447349525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349518.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter explores how there are at least three reasons why industrialization and the family is today an important subject for debate by an international conference of social workers. The first is ... More


An introduction to human rights and dementia

Suzanne Cahill

in Dementia and Human Rights

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447331377
eISBN:
9781447331391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447331377.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter provides an introduction to the topic of human rights and dementia. It briefly traces the history of the human rights movement and discusses the significance of the UN Declaration on ... More


Personhood versus Human Needs as Grounds for Human Rights1

David Miller

in Griffin on Human Rights

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199668731
eISBN:
9780191760990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668731.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Although Griffin’s personhood account of human rights and my human needs account are similar in certain respects, this chapter criticizes Griffin for locating human rights within ethical reasoning ... More


The 21 st-century context of community organising

Dave Beck and Rod Purcell

in International community organising: Taking power, making change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781847429773
eISBN:
9781447310884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429773.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

The chapter explores the relevance of community organising in the present globalised world. To do so the chapter defines current development issues and goals, and considers: asset building, capacity ... More


The causes of environmental injustice

Karen Bell

in Achieving environmental justice: A cross-national analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447305941
eISBN:
9781447302933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305941.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The environmental justice literature broadly offers five competing explanations for environmental injustice: discrimination; market dynamics; lack of citizen power; industrialisation; and capitalism. ... More


Fulfilling basic human needs: the welfare state after Beveridge

Patrick Diamond

in Austerity, Community Action, and the Future of Citizenship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447331032
eISBN:
9781447331056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447331032.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Traditional welfare states with their origins in the Beveridge report of 1942 have struggled to respond adequately to new structural pressures and challenges that have arisen in the advanced ... More


Born to Shop: Consumerism as the Modern Panacea

Peter N. Stearns

in Satisfaction Not Guaranteed: Dilemmas of Progress in Modern Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783627
eISBN:
9780814783634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783627.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter deals with consumerism, where unfulfilled hopes became almost built into the modern process, which not only illustrates the satisfaction gap but acquires much of the spillover from other ... More


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